A Beginner’s Guide to IoT

What is IoT?

We can turn on our lights from a desk in a distant office. Our refrigerator’s built-in cameras and sensors allow us to simply monitor what’s on the shelves and when something is about to expire. When we reach home, the thermostat has already set the temperature to lukewarm or brisk.

These aren’t from a sci-fi novel. These are only a few of the millions of IoT frameworks in use today.

IoT has changed the way we interact, communicate, and work. The IoT ecosystem of gadgets is making our world smarter and more efficient.

What is IoT?

The term IoT is increasingly used to describe objects that interact and “speak” to one another, allowing us to be more efficient.

IoT devices gather data from their surroundings, share it with other electronic devices, and help us, the end-user, gain information, solve a problem, or accomplish a task.

Connectivity is required for the sensor to link to other devices and ultimately turn data into action. Connectivity is responsible for online data transport. Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, DDS, cellular BLE, Z-wave, and others are prominent IoT wireless protocols. The network chosen depends on various criteria, including data transfer speed, range, power consumption, and network efficiency.

After data has been captured and sent to the cloud, it must be processed. This is where the “smart stuff” happens, i.e. context and analytics. Analytical tools are used to investigate an issue and make decisions based on the findings. This can be as simple as assessing a room’s temperature or as complex as a car on the verge of crashing.

The IoT system ends with the end-user device or user interface. Access, control, and setting preferences are done via a visible device or application. In today’s IoT environment, a user-friendly and appealing design is critical. Companies are constantly working on integrating convenient tools like touch interfaces, colors, fonts, and speech to ensure a better consumer experience.

Sensors & IoT

A complex ecosystem

For IoT to work, there must be a device that collects the data being transmitted (the input). As stated before, sensors are used in many applications.

What sensors collect depends on the gadget and its purpose. Sensors are gadgets that detect and respond to environmental changes such as light, temperature, pressure, and motion.

Because IoT sensors can acquire a wide range of data, they are widely employed in many industries and are vital to many modern organizations. These sensors can alert you to possible hazards, allowing firms to do proactive maintenance and avert costly damages.

Let’s use Disruptive Technologies’ wireless sensors to demonstrate the value of IoT sensors. A wide range of innovative sensors for remote monitoring of your buildings and assets are available.

Imagine going to the bathroom in a hotel and the light turning on by itself. How did that happen?

This is only one of many IoT solutions being utilized to construct broader ecosystems like smart homes and smart cities. A voice-controlled virtual assistant reads your emails, a smartwatch tracks your walks and heartbeat, and a mobile app manages your security system.

To read the complete Beginner’s Guide and to learn more about the history of IoT, click here.

*written in collaboration with my colleague Meg Hamza




Founded in 2013, Disruptive Technologies is the developer of the world’s smallest wireless sensors. Our solutions simplify data collection and enable digital retrofitting and remote monitoring of all buildings. We provide more efficient and sustainable operations in minutes.

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Pippa Boothman

Pippa Boothman

I am a leader at Disruptive Technologies and am proud of what we are doing to contribute to an efficient and sustainable world. Here I will share our stories.

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