The 10 Principles of Storytelling

Story consultant Bobette Buster outlines the key elements that take a story from good… to great.

1. Tell your story as if you’re telling it to a friend

This applies no matter where you are or who your audience is.

2. Set the GPS

Give the place, time, setting, and any relevant context. Keep it factual, short and sweet.

3. Action!

Use active verbs or, as I like to say, ‘Think Hemingway’: spice up your verb choices but keep them succinct. Invest in a thesaurus (or a free app). Avoid multisyllabic, erudite, four-dollar words, over-intellectualising, philosophising, qualifying. See how many I just used? It’s boring to keep reading them, isn’t it?

4. Juxtapose

Take two ideas, images, or thoughts and place them together. Let them collide. Remember German philosopher, Friedrich Hegel, here: that in posing two opposing ideas, a whole new idea is created (thesis + antithesis = synthesis). This tool wakes up your audience, and is the root of many successful stories.

5. Gleaming detail

Choose one ordinary moment or object that becomes a ‘gleaming detail’. Something that best captures and embodies the essence of the story. Make the ordinary extraordinary.

6. ‘Hand over the Spark’

Reflect on the experience or idea that originally captivated you and simply hand it to your audience as if it were aflame. Carry the fire.

7. Be vulnerable

Dare to share the emotion of your story. Be unafraid to ask your audience what you questioned along the way so they share your doubt, confusion, anger, sorrow, insight, glee, delight, joy, epiphany.

8. Tune in to your sense memory

Choose the strongest of the five senses in your story and use it to make a deeper connection with your audience. There is always one primary sense that dominates every memory.

9. Bring yourself

A story is as much about you as anything else.

10. Let go

Hand over your story, letting it build to its natural, emotional punchline, then end it and get out fast. Leave the audience wanting more. Less is more.


Do Listen: Understand what’s really being said. Find a new way forward


Do Story: How to tell your story so the world listens.

Illustrations © Millie Marotta

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