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Cohesion in a time of transition

Source: Robertsrob/Depositphotos

EU faced with a double bind

The EIB’s new Cohesion Orientation

Figure 1 — The EIB’s realisation and orientation in cohesion lending 2014–2021

  • a more competitive and smarter Europe;
  • a greener, low-carbon transition towards a net zero carbon economy;
  • a more connected Europe by enhancing mobility;
  • a more social and inclusive Europe; and
  • a Europe closer to citizens by fostering the sustainable and integrated development of all types of territories.

Green transition

Digital transition and innovation

A just transition

Stimulating comparable development opportunities



The ECA Journal features articles on a variety of current audit topics, the ECA’s role and work. It is available in electronic form below, and paper copies can be ordered online at the EU Bookshop.

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European Court of Auditors

Articles from the European Court of Auditors, #EU's external auditor & independent guardian of the EU's finances.