經濟學人雜誌閱讀筆記#10/爆紅又爆雷的Zoom陷入危機- Online collaboration: Zoom in, Zoom out
The videoconferencing firm’s popularity has brought problems.
(p.50, The Economist, April 11th 2020)
[Full Text and Translation/原文與翻譯]
Eric Yuan(袁征) likes to crack jokes. But these days the boss of Zoom, a videoconference service of coronavirus-fuelled popularity, is in no mood for laughs. His firm. Whose share price has surged by 49% since the end of January, is trying to avoid a serious of whiplash.
Zoom, founded in 2011, is part of a trend in tech known as “the consumerisation of IT”. The idea is that corporate services should be as easy to use as consumer ones. Meetings on Zoom can be called with a few clicks and are free if they last no longer than 40 minutes and have fewer than 100 participants. Zoom also keeps oodles of spare capacity, ensuring a good service. Its 17 data centres around the world were built to withstand double the expected peak load. But as a consumer-business hybrid the company has focused much less on privacy and security than old-style corporate-IT firms.
The combination became a problem after the coronavirus hit. The number of daily users has exploded from 10m in December to more than 200m today. This is technically manageable. But with popularity comes scrutiny. Worrying reports come almost daily about data leaks, iffy encryption and “zoombombing”, the childish practice of gatecrashing meetings and showing porn or worse. “I really messed up,” admitted Mr. Yuan on April 3rd, promising that the firm would make amends.
Zoom has every reason to relieve the tension inherent in a model that aims to provide a corporate service but is now used by people stuck at home and craving contact with the world beyond. Unless it does so it will create an opening for more business-oriented services, in particular Microsoft Teams, whose video service lags behind Zoom both in quality and popularity.
Rivalry between Zoom and Teams highlights a battle that has been brewing for a while. On one side are firms that provide specialized tools for online collaboration, such as Zoom and Slack, a corporate-messaging app. On the other are those that offer a complete range of such services, like Microsoft and Google. If, as many predict, working remotely becomes far more common even after the virus recedes, the competition to create the virtual office will intensify. Expect to hear more about Microsoft trying to entice customers into its world — and startups complaining that the ex-evil empire is back to its old tricks.
1. Crack jokes (說笑) : to tell a joke. Ex. I cracked a few jokes to try to cheer everyone up.
2. Surge (n.) : A sudden and great increases. Ex. An unexpected surge in electrical power caused the computer to crash.
3. Whiplash(n. 鞭打)
4. the consumerisation of IT : Consumerization of IT (“consumerization”) is a phrase used to describe the cycle of information technology (IT) emerging in the consumer market, then spreading to business and government organizations, largely because employees are using the popular “consumer market” technologies and devices at home and then introducing them in the workplace. IT消費化是指員工作為一般消費者，在家裡使用的科技技術和設備的經驗，會帶回工作場所。(Reference)
5. Oodles of ([網路]許多的): very large amounts. ex. Zoom also keeps oodles of spare capacity, ensuring a good service.
6. Withstand (v.禁得起): to be strong enough. Ex. A bridge designed to withstand earthquakes.
7. Scrutiny (n.審查,檢查) : the careful and detailed examination of something to get information. Ex. Will the candidates stand up under all the scrutiny?
8. Data leaks (資料外洩)/ Iffy encryption (加密漏洞) / Data breach (數據外洩)
9. Gatecrash (v.擅自參加): to go to a party or other event when you have not been invited. Ex. He decided to gatecrash the wedding.