China’s Newest Goal is Leadership in Robotics

We are already going through an era in which the competition for leadership in the fields of advanced technology intensifies between nation states everyday. Indeed, it was last December when China announced its new five-year plan for the goal of becoming a global innovation hub in robotics by 2025. According to the plan, China hopes to achieve this goal by focusing on improvements in key components such as servo motors and control panels.

The ratio of industrial robots per employee is used to measure the automation level of a country. Image source:

China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), the Ministry behind the ambitious five-year roadmap, also stated a projection that foresees operating income from the country’s robotics industry increasing by an average of 20% between 2021 and 2025. The operating income of the People’s Republic of China in this industry had exceeded 100 billion yuan (about $ 15.69 billion) for the first time in 2020. The annual growth rate of the rapidly growing sector between 2016 and 2020 is calculated as 15%. Considering that the global robotics market is worth approximately $135 billion, it can be said that China is a solid contender for industry leadership.

According to MIIT, China’s rate of industrial robots has reached 246 per 10,000 employees in 2020, double the global average. The Ministry wants to double this figure by 2025.

After the five-year plan was announced, MIIT spokesman Wang Weiming said that a joint effort will be made to make breakthroughs in robot components such as speed reducers, servo motors and controls, which are seen as the basic building blocks of machines, and that China’s goal by 2025 will be to bring the performance and reliability of domestic key components to the level of advanced foreign products. stated to be available.

According to the 2021 World Robotics Report, the global density of industrial robots averaged 126 robots per 10,000 employees. In 2015, this figure was 66 units. The top three countries with the most robotic automation were South Korea with 932 units per 10,000 employees, Singapore with 605 units and Japan with 390 units. Germany placed fourth and Sweden fifth.
The same report points out that China’s robot density growth is the “most dynamic” globally. While China’s robot density rate was only 49 robots in 2015, this rate has increased to 246 units in 2020. China, which ranked 25th in 2015, is now ninth in robot density.

However, China’s fast-growing robotics industry still has a long way to go compared to its competitors. Indeed, the neighboring country Japan is currently the world’s largest manufacturer of industrial robots, providing 45% of the global robot supply. Manufacturers in the country had an annual production capacity of 174,000 units of industrial robots in 2020. Considering this situation, it is certain that the competition between these two countries and the global competition will increase in the coming years.




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E. S. Nurcan

E. S. Nurcan


A hungry learner for cybersec, tech, and everything political. Öğreniyorum ve yazıyorum, teknoloji, siyaset ve biraz da Asya üzerine.政治、技術、アジア国際関係等について書く。