The Buffalo Massacre is an Assault on Black Bodies, Stories, and Survival

Black elderhood offends white supremacy. It cannot tolerate the mentorship and proof of survival advanced age evidences.

An image of a supermarket, similar to where nine Black elders lost their lives. Source: Unsplash.

And though you did me gruesome, I was surely relieved/
I completed my mission, wasn’t ready to leave/
But fulfilled my days, my Creator




I write to explore Black personhood, the life we have built in the shadow of full citizenship. Follow me on Twitter @Established1865.

Recommended from Medium

If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it. Smash it, and build something else.

Writing Children’s Books with Diverse Characters

Black on Both Sides, Vol. 28

The Ambiguous, Complex Polish Psyche

Alicia Garza and Charles Blow Offer Two Responses to the Killing of Daunte Wright

Seeing Is Believing: Kamala Harris

Africa is dying.

My name is Tinyan Okungbowa and I am a black man who has experienced racism and racial profiling…

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Hal H. Harris

Hal H. Harris

Black on Both Sides. Medium Writers Challenge Winner. The founder of Established in 1865. I Tweet @Established1865. E-mail is

More from Medium

My Biracial Father’s Family Secrets, Decoded at Last

A Few Words I Have Never, Ever Spelled Correctly

An old dictionary, open

What Prominent Tech Leaders and VCs Have to Say on Buffalo and “Great Replacement Theory”

Driving Is Killing Us

Black and white, two children walking down a road. Taller child has arm around shorter child.