Barack Obama’s and Bruce Springsteen’s Calls for Reconstruction Falls Upon Hostile Ears

They want to renovate. Their political opponents want to burn it all down. Black personhood seeks a lonelier, separate, braver path.

A photo of Bruce Springsteen’s “Born in the U.S.A.” album. Source: Unsplash.

Barack Obama has spent his post-presidential years bonding with his new bestie.




I write to explore Black personhood, the life we have built in the shadow of full citizenship. Follow me on Twitter @Established1865.

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Hal H. Harris

Hal H. Harris

Black on Both Sides. Medium Writers Challenge Winner. The founder of Established in 1865. I Tweet @Established1865. E-mail is

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