Barack Obama’s and Bruce Springsteen’s Calls for Reconstruction Falls Upon Hostile Ears

They want to renovate. Their political opponents want to burn it all down. Black personhood seeks a lonelier, separate, braver path.

A photo of Bruce Springsteen’s “Born in the U.S.A.” album. Source: Unsplash.

Barack Obama has spent his post-presidential years bonding with his new bestie.




I write to explore Black personhood, the life we have built in the shadow of full citizenship. Follow me on Twitter @Established1865.

Recommended from Medium

How Google Made You Stupid

Was the U.S. designed to be an Oligarchy?

Government Records From White House Trump took Kim "Love Letter"

Mass murder as an art form

COVID-19 crisis or not, racist policies have no place in California


Politics Suck

Senator Sinema doesn’t like you.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Hal H. Harris

Hal H. Harris

Black on both sides. Medium Writers Challenge Winner. The founder of Established in 1865. I Tweet @Established1865. E-mail is

More from Medium

Setting The Record Straight — Creating Writers and Editors of Color

It’s Oh, Write’s birthday bay-bee! Party with me in the latest issue of my newsletter!

Black on Both Sides, Vol. 20

Braiding Ribbons