A Librarian’s Guide to Choosing the Right Book for You!

Oleg Kagan
Published in
6 min readDec 18, 2017


Books have different “appeals.” This one has a very naturalistic style!

There’s no question that reading is essential — it educates, inspires, entertains, and so much more. But with thousands of books published every week, how does a reader (especially one just getting into reading) decide which one to pick up? This question often occurs to me because of my work as a librarian and a reader myself! So how does one choose what to read?

Read What You Like

“Never apologize for your reading taste” — Betty Rosenberg

The first rule in Choosing Books Club is to read what you like! This may seem like odd advice, to begin with, because, well, isn’t it obvious? In fact, no.

Far too many people allow their reading to be guided by the taste of others; they limit themselves to bestseller lists or the latest publishing craze or want only to read the “right” books. How many people’s love of reading has been thwarted by attempts to cram themselves with so-called classics or opaque literary tomes? As if literary fiction or classics (if there is even a proper definition for these terms) are the pinnacles of reading taste. Neither classics nor literary fiction is categories that help classify ones reading preferences. How different are classics like Death Comes for the Archbishop by Willa Cather or Sherwood Anderson’s Winesburg, Ohio from The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton? American authors wrote the three novels within ten years (1927, 1919, 1920, respectively), yet the qualities that draw readers to them differ wildly!

With so many choices, every reader can find a book to match their preferences. Yet, this abundance of opportunity can also be too much of a good thing. How does a willing reader sift through the stacks to find the right book for them? Have no fear, and there are ways. Read on…

Discovering Your Reading Tastes

Do you enjoy stories that fling you forward at a breakneck pace, or do you prefer they let you amble along smelling the flowers? Are you a fan of dark humor or slapstick comedy? Do you want a book that gets you all hot and bothered or one that makes you too terrified to remain home alone? Is your favorite story told in ornate, baroque, extravagant poetry, or hard-boiled, staccato, prosaic prose?

These questions are directly related to isolating the “appeals” you are drawn to. I mentioned appeals in a previous article about Readers’ Advisory, a subfield of library science devoted to book recommendation. There, I said Joyce G. Saricks, who, in her book Readers Advisory in the Public Library, isolates five facets of appeals:

  • Pacing: How quickly does the book move? Is it a page-turner, or will it take a month to finish as War and Peace did for me?
  • Characterization: How does the author treat the characters? Are they described so profoundly that the book could be a character study? Or are they just archetypal chess pieces in a complicated game?
  • Storyline: What is the orientation of the plot? Is it character-driven or action-oriented? Very complex? Inspirational? Absurd?
  • Frame and Tone: What is the mood of the book? Is it heartwarming? Thrilling? Dark? Philosophical? Quirky?
  • Style: How could the author’s writing style be described? Spare? Conversational? Poetic? Intricate?

Thinking about your favorite stories (books, movies, plays, doesn’t matter) through these terms lets you get a sense of your preferences. It gives you a language to articulate your tastes. Whether you are looking for a novel or narrative non-fiction, you can now begin mapping the sorts of stories you most appreciate on the gamut of options out in the world!

Finding Your Genre

One way of narrowing your reading options is by considering which genres encapsulate your favorite appeals. Most people have a relatively robust understanding of well-known genres. We know, for example, that mysteries tend to be fast-paced and thrilling; they’re often written without adornment, though individual authors sometimes have recognizable styles. The fantasy genre is filled with dense characterization and globs of description and proceeds at a stately pace.

Though there are exceptions (many of which would fit into sub-genres), a genre serves as a calling card for appeals. Genre conventions offer an easy way for readers to find their tribe; for me, most science fiction provides the ideal balance of plot (heavy), description (light), characterization (medium), with styles that range from off-kilter to humorous (Connie Willis, Terry Pratchett, Douglas Adams) to plain weird (Philip Dick, Cory Doctorow esp. with Someone Comes to Town, Someone Leaves Town, and Theodore Sturgeon w/ More Than Human), to reasonably straightforward (most Robert Heinlein, Isaac Asimov, James White). But it’s different for everyone.

Please look at this list of genres and the appeals you associate with them. Choose one that tickles your fancy, and let’s get you moving!

Photo by Alexandra Fuller on Unsplash

Narrowing Your Options

So you understand your appeals and genre preferences, now you can get down to business: The hundreds, even thousands, of options readily available in each genre! What to do?

Here are some tips that can help:

  • Read books by their covers! It’s okay. Librarians do it all the time. Go to a bookstore, library, or your favorite online shop and browse. Does a book’s cover art appeal to you? Perfect, now read the inside flap; what do you think of the plot description? If you like it, you’ve found your book!
  • Many libraries offer free access to a website called NoveList, a Readers’ Advisory librarian’s secret weapon! NoveList is a database of expert recommendations which includes lists of “read-alikes” (books that read like other books!) based on all sorts of appeals. My favorite thing about NoveList is their read-alike essays — short, insightful articles written by genre experts explaining an author’s (or a book) appeals and recommending others with similar appeals.
  • Another online resource I find helpful is Goodreads recommendations. Generally, I find automated recommendations lame (I’m looking at Amazon here), but Goodreads does a surprisingly fine job of serving exciting books based on specific shelves in one’s account. (Yes, I know Amazon owns Goodreads.)
  • Though I’ve steered you away from the other’s opinions, now that you’re comfortable with your tastes, check out popular awards for your genre, book blogs, and websites dedicated to the type of books you like.
  • Finally, ask a librarian! Not all librarians are good at Readers’ Advisory, but there’s usually at least one in every building that relishes talking about books. Tell them what you’d like and let them do their job. Hopefully, you’ll end up with a few choices you’ll enjoy!

Parting Words

Reading is a beautiful journey full of enormous variety! Try things out! Once you’ve settled into your reading groove, select something different for a change and a challenge. I used to be a “finisher,” and I had to finish every book I picked up. But as I’ve aged, I’ve changed. Who has time to waste dreadful reading books? When I pick one up, I’ll read the first 50 or 100 pages (1–2 hours if we’re talking audiobooks), and if I’m not digging it, I move on. Betty Rosenberg’s quote echoes in my mind as I close the book and, unapologetically, select something better suited to my reading tastes. I prefer to enjoy my reading, and you should too!

If you love books and reading, then you love libraries! Visit www.everylibrary.org to show your support.



Oleg Kagan

Author, editor, speaker, writing coach, and librarian. More at olegkagan.com