How to create a logical OR query in Cloud Firestore with the JavaScript SDK?

Renaud Tarnec
Nov 7, 2019 · 2 min read

With Cloud Firestore, we can combine multiple where() methods to create logical AND queries. These queries are called compound queries in the documentation.

However, as indicated in the documentation (Section “Query Limitations”):

Cloud Firestore does not support the following types of queries:
- …
- Logical OR queries. In this case, you should create a separate query for each OR condition and merge the query results in your app.
- …

The aim of this short article is to show how to implement, with the JavaScript SDK, the solution indicated above to “simulate” a Logical OR Query.

Firstly, let’s create a set of example data. Like the example in the documentation, we are going to create some Firestore records for a set of cities.

JavaScript code to create the example Firestore documents

Let’s see now an example of a Logical OR Query. Let’s query all the cities that are a capital city OR an Italian city.

The following code will do the trick:

Let’s detail how this code works.

We first create an async function called getIsCapitalOrCountryIsItaly() which:

  1. Defines two promises, using the get() method of a Query. The first query will return all the Capital cities, while the second will return the Italian ones.
  2. Uses Promise.All() which “returns a single Promise that resolves when all of the promises passed as an iterable have resolved”¹, in order to get an array of QuerySnapshots.
  3. Creates two arrays, one for each query, using the docs property of a QuerySnapshot which returns “an array of all the documents in the QuerySnapshot”.
  4. Merges the two arrays by using the concat() method and returns the resulting array.

Then, the code simply calls this asynchronous function.

This works well, but, if you try it you will see that we get twice the city of Rome, since it is the capital city of Italy.

So we need to de-duplicate the arrays. One possible solution is to use the Lodash library and adapt the last two lines² of the getIsCapitalOrCountryIsItaly() function as follows:

Let’s look at another example: We want to query all the cities with population under 500,000 or over 1,5M.

We just have to slightly adapt the previous function as follows:

That’s it! We are now able, with the JavaScript SDK, to combine two (or more) different Firestore queries to “simulate” a logical OR query.

If you have any question or suggestion, please leave a comment below.


[1] See

[2] Strictly speaking, we don’t need to adapt the first line of those two last lines, since the way we construct the citiesArray array is totally valid. But since we start using Lodash, let’s just take advantage of it and also adapt this line!

Renaud Tarnec

Written by

Google Developer Expert for Firebase // Full-Stack Web Application Dev & Project Manager // Vue.js, SPA and PWA aficionado // Freelance Consultant

Firebase Tips & Tricks

A collection of articles, recipes and tips & tricks on how to develop with Firebase, by a group of Firebase developers active on Stack Overflow

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