Flutter Animation I: Background Color Transition

Photo by Cris Ovalle on Unsplash

Well, animations are pretty important. It can make a monotonous UI feel very interesting. One reason I love Flutter is that it’s very easy to implement animations in Flutter.

This is the first blog in Flutter Animation Series. Before we deep dive into animation let’s know a little bit about it.

Flutter animations are of two types:
Tween animation and Physics-based animation.

Tween animation
Short for in-betweening. In a tween animation, the beginning and ending points are defined, as well as a timeline, and a curve that defines the timing and speed of the transition. The framework calculates how to transition from the beginning point to the end point.
Physics-based animation
In physics-based animation, motion is modeled to resemble real-world behavior. When you toss a ball, for example, where and when it lands depends on how fast it was tossed and how far it was from the ground. Similarly, dropping a ball attached to a spring falls (and bounces) differently than dropping a ball attached to a string.

To know more about animation check Introduction to animations.

ok, let's end the boring part and get our hand dirty with some flutter animations. So grab the cup of your favourite coffee or tea ☕.

In this blog, we’ll use the tween animation to animate the background color. The end result will look like this.

To make this animation we will use TweenSequence. It enables creating an Animation whose value is defined by a sequence of Tweens. In our example, we will use ColorTween. We will make TweenSequence of different ColorTween

Animatable<Color> background = TweenSequence<Color>(
[
TweenSequenceItem(
weight: 1.0,
tween: ColorTween(
begin: Colors.red,
end: Colors.green,
),
),
TweenSequenceItem(
weight: 1.0,
tween: ColorTween(
begin: Colors.green,
end: Colors.blue,
),
),
TweenSequenceItem(
weight: 1.0,
tween: ColorTween(
begin: Colors.blue,
end: Colors.pink,
),
),
],
);

Now we will define our AnimationController which will control our animation.

AnimationController _controller;

@override
void initState() {
super.initState();
_controller = AnimationController(
duration: const Duration(seconds: 10),
vsync: this,
)..repeat();
}

In the end, we will use AnimatedBuilder which will take our AnimationController and animate our background.

@override
Widget build(BuildContext context) {
return AnimatedBuilder(
animation: _controller,
builder: (context, child) {
return Scaffold(
body: Container(
color: background
.evaluate(AlwaysStoppedAnimation(_controller.value)),
),
);
});
}

Voilà, with just a few lines of code we have our animated color transition background. The end result will look like this.

In the next blog, we will see how we can animate the color with page transition. We will be creating some more cool animation like one below. Till then stay tuned!


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