Frame of Reference
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Frame of Reference

Keelhauling — Torture By Being Dragged on Ship’s Bottom

“The ship’s bottom, covered with barnacles, rasped upon the poor devils like nails”

A Tudor Period painting of Keelhauling — Public Domain

“Yesterday I tried to write a description of a most horrible sight. It was so revoltingly cruel, so barbarous, so infamously brutal, that I gave it up.” — a special correspondent of the London Morning Advertiser in 1882.

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Ryan Fan

Ryan Fan

Believer, Baltimore City special ed teacher, and 2:39 marathon runner. Diehard fan of “The Wire.” Support me by becoming a Medium member: https://bit.ly/39Cybb8

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