Who’s attending the upcoming G7 Summit in Italy?
On May 26 and 27, Taormina, — one of the Mediterranean’s most suggestive towns — will host the Heads of State and of Government for the 2017 G7 Summit, chaired by Italy.
The decision to hold the event in Sicily — and in particular in Taormina — highlights Italy’s capacity to unite hope and hospitality in a single shared effort. Located on a natural terrace overlooking the sea, this Sicilian city is considered one of the world’s most beautiful.
The fascinating medieval village, with its ancient history and its cultural heritage have always attracted travelers, aristocrats, artists and writers: from Goethe to D.H. Lawrence, from Truman Capote to Jean Cocteau, from King Edward VII of England to Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.
Learn more on the venue: http://www.g7italy.it/en/venue
🇮🇹 2017 Host: Italy
Prime Minister: Paolo Gentiloni
Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni (born November 22, 1954 in Rome) is an Italian politician, member of the Democratic Party and a former Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, and previously Minister of Communications.
He is a professional Journalist and has a degree in political sciences.
He became spokesman for the Mayor of Rome in 1993 and was Jubilee and Tourism Councillor in the Rome City Council.
In 2001, he was elected Member of Parliament and was Chairman of the Broadcasting Services Watchdog Committee.
Between 2006 and 2008 he was Minister for Communications in Prime Minister Prodi’s government.
One of the 45 members of the National founding committee of the Democratic Party in 2007, he was re-elected in 2008 and 2013 to the Chamber of Deputies where he was a member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs.
Gentiloni was Italy’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation in the Cabinet of Prime Minister Matteo Renzi from October 31, 2014 to December 12, 2017. In December 2017, he was appointed as Prime Minister by President Sergio Mattarella and confirmed by the Italian Parliament.
The leaders in attendance
(*in alphabetical order by country)
Prime Minister: Justin Trudeau
Official bio (via pm.gc.ca):
Born on December 25, 1971, Justin Trudeau is Canada’s 23rd Prime Minister, the Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs and the Minister of Youth.
A teacher, father, advocate, and leader, Mr. Trudeau’s vision of our country is a place where everyone has a shot at success because we have the confidence and leadership to invest in Canadians.
His passion for public service and vision for Canada are shaped by his experiences and influences — his father, Pierre, and mother, Margaret; the Trudeau and Sinclair families; his roots in the East and West, French and English.
Driven by the desire to have a positive influence in the world, after graduating from McGill University in 1994, Mr. Trudeau decided to become a schoolteacher. He completed the University of British Columbia’s education program, and spent several years teaching mostly French and math in Vancouver.
In 2002, Mr. Trudeau returned home to Montreal, where he fell in love with Sophie Grégoire, a Quebec TV and radio host. They married in 2005 and, in subsequent years, became the proud parents of Xavier, Ella-Grace, and Hadrien.
Prior to entering politics, Mr. Trudeau was frequently called upon to speak at conferences and various events on youth and environmental issues. He was the Chair of Katimavik, where he spoke to young people about the value of community service and volunteerism, and a board member of the Canadian Avalanche Foundation, where he promoted avalanche safety. The more Mr. Trudeau spoke with young people across the country, the more he began to gravitate toward a life of advocacy. It became increasingly clear that the issues young Canadians care about — education, the environment, their generation’s economic prospects — needed a stronger voice in the public sphere. He also began to feel that a generational change was approaching. It was against this backdrop that he made his first steps into politics.
In 2007, Mr. Trudeau decided to serve Canadians by seeking the nomination in the Montreal riding of Papineau. He was elected in 2008, and then again in 2011 and 2015.
Mr. Trudeau was elected Leader of his party in April 2013. Propelled by hope and hard work, he focused his leadership on building the team and the plan to create growth that works for the middle class, and fair economic opportunity for everyone; on respect for and promotion of freedom and diversity; and on a more democratic government that represents all of Canada.
On October 19, 2015, Mr. Trudeau led his party to victory, winning a majority government with seats in every province and territory across the country. He was elected on a platform for change and growing the middle class.
Mr. Trudeau was sworn in on November 4, 2015, with an equal number of men and women in Cabinet — a first in Canada’s history.
🇪🇺 European Union
President of the European Commission: Jean-Claude Juncker
President of the European Council: Donald Tusk
Official bio of Commission President Juncker (via ec.europa.eu):
- President of the European Commission (2014-present)
- President of the Euro Group (2004–2013)
- Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1995–2013)
- Prime Minister, Minister of State, Minister for the Treasury (July 2009–2013)
- Prime Minister, Minister of State and Minister for Finance (1999–2009)
- Prime Minister, Minister of State, Minister for Finance, Minister for Labour and Employment (1995–1999)
- Minister for Finance and Minister for Labour (1994–1995)
- Minister for Finance and Minister for Labour (1989–1994)
- Minister for Labour, Minister Delegate for the Budget (1984–1989)
- State Secretary for Labour and Social Security (1982–1984)
- Joined the CSV party (1974)
Official bio of European Council President Tusk:
Donald Tusk was born on 22 April 1957 in Gdańsk, Poland. His father worked as a carpenter on the railway, his mother as a secretary at a hospital. When Tusk was 14 years old, his father died.
In 1976 he started studying history at Gdańsk University, where he became involved in illegal activities against the Communist regime. At the time he cooperated inter alia with the underground Free Trade Unions and met the future Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa.
In 1980 Donald Tusk founded an Independent Students’ Association, NZS, which was part of the ‘Solidarity’ movement. He became the leader of ‘Solidarity’ at his place of work and a journalist on a newspaper published by ‘Solidarity’.
After martial law was imposed in December 1981 by General Jaruzelski, he remained in hiding for some time. He then worked as a bread seller and later, between 1984 and 1989, he earned his living as a manual labourer specialising in work at high altitudes with the aid of climbing equipment.
At the same time he was an activist in the underground Solidarity movement. After being arrested for a short time, he was set free following an amnesty for political prisoners announced by General Jaruzelski.
In 1983, Donald Tusk founded an illegal monthly ‘Political Review’, propagating economic liberalism and rules of liberal democracy. An informal think-tank supporting Lech Wałęsa was centred around the periodical. After the collapse of communism, think-tank members known as’Gdańsk liberals’ formed a government after the first free presidential elections in Poland.
Simultaneously they founded the first pro-business and pro-Europe party in Poland, the Liberal Democratic Congress, with Donald Tusk as its leader. He was also responsible for de-monopolising and privatising the former communist state-owned press concern.
In the 1990s, Donald Tusk was a Member of Parliament, inter alia deputy Speaker of the Senate.
In the same years he published a series of books on the history of Gdańsk, some of which turned out to be bestsellers.
In 2001, Donald Tusk was one of the initiators of the new centrist party called the Civic Platform and in 2003 he became its leader.
In 2007, after a tough campaign he defeated the ruling rightist party and became Prime Minister. He was in office for seven years, which made him the longest-serving Prime Minister in democratic Poland, and the first one to be re-elected.
During his seven-year term, Poland continued to maintain economic growth, and in the time of crisis the Polish economy grew by almost 20%, a record performance in Europe.
In 2014, Donald Tusk was unanimously elected to the position of President of the European Council.
Chancellor: Angela Merkel
Official bio (via bundesregierung.de):
Angela Merkel was sworn in as Chancellor on November 22, 2005. She is the first woman and the first East German to hold this office. Her CV traces the most important milestones on her way to taking this office.
Angela Merkel was born in Hamburg on 17 July 1954. She is a Protestant Christian and is married to Joachim Sauer.
- 1973: Abitur (higher education entrance qualification) in Templin
- 1973–1978 Studied Physics at Leipzig University
- 1978–1990: Member of the academic staff at the Central Institute of Physical Chemistry at the Academy of Sciences
- 1986: Awarded a doctorate1989Member of “Demokratischer Aufbruch” (Democratic Awakening)
- since 1990: Member of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU)
- 1990: Deputy Government Spokeswoman of the de Maizière Government in the German Democratic Republic (GDR)
- since 1990: Member of the German Bundestag
- 1991–1998: Deputy Chairwoman of the CDU
- 1993–2000: Chairwoman of the CDU Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
- 1991–1994: Federal Minister for Women and Youth
- 1994–1998: Federal Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety
- 1998–2000: General Secretary of the CDU Germany
- since 2000: Chairwoman of the CDU Germany
- 2002–2005: Chairwoman of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group in the German Bundestag
- since November 2005: Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany
Prime Minister: Shinzo Abe
Official bio (via japan.kantei.go.jp):
- Date of Birth: September 21, 1954
- Place of Birth: Tokyo
- Member of the House of Representatives (Elected 8 times)
- Constituency:Yamaguchi 4th district (Shimonoseki and Nagato cities)
- 2012: President of LDP and Prime Minister
- 2007: Resigned Prime Minister
- 2006: President of LDP and Prime Minister
- 2005: Chief Cabinet Secretary (Third Koizumi Cabinet (Reshuffled))
- 2004: Acting Secretary-General and Chairman of Reform Promotion Headquarters, LDP
- 2003: Secretary-General, LDP
- 2002: Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary (First Koizumi Cabinet (1st Reshuffled))
- 2001: Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary
(First Koizumi Cabinet)
(Second Mori Cabinet (Reshuffled))
- 2000: Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary
(Second Mori Cabinet (Reshuffled))
(Second Mori Cabinet)
- 1999: Trustee, Committee on Health and Welfare; Director, Social Affairs Division, Liberal Democratic Party (LDP)
- 1993: Elected as Member of the House of Representatives (thereafter reelected in seven consecutive elections)
- 1982: Executive Assistant to the Minister for Foreign Affairs
- 1979: Joined Kobe Steel, Ltd
🇬🇧 United Kingdom
Prime Minister: Theresa May
Official bio (via gov.uk):
Theresa May became Prime Minister on 13 July 2016. Theresa served as Home Secretary from May 2010 until July 2016. She was elected Conservative MP for Maidenhead in May 1997.
Theresa had a varied education, spanning both the state and private sectors and attending both grammar school and comprehensive school. She studied geography at St Hugh’s College, Oxford University.
Theresa has been involved in politics at all levels for many years, beginning by stuffing envelopes at her local Conservative association before going on to be a councillor in the London borough of Merton from 1986 to 1994. During her time at Merton, Theresa was Chair of Education from 1988 to 1990 and Deputy Group Leader and Housing Spokesperson from 1992 to 1994.
Theresa was elected MP for Maidenhead in May 1997, after which she held several shadow positions, including:
- Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Employment 1999 to 2001
- Shadow Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions 2001 to 2002
- Shadow Secretary of State for the Family 2004 to 2005
- Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport 2005
- Shadow Leader of the House of Commons 2005 to 2009
- Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Women and Equalities 2010 to 2012
Theresa served as Home Secretary from May 2010 until July 2016.
After starting her career at the Bank of England, Theresa went on to the Association for Payment Clearing Services, firstly as Head of the European affairs unit from 1989 to 1996 and then as Senior Adviser on international affairs from 1996 to 1997.
🇺🇸 United States of America
President: Donald J. Trump
Official bio (via whitehouse.gov):
Donald J. Trump is the 45th President of the United States. He believes the United States has incredible potential and will go on to exceed anything that it has achieved in the past. His campaign slogan was Make America Great Again, and that is exactly what he intends to do.
Donald J. Trump is the very definition of the American success story. Throughout his life he has continually set the standards of business and entrepreneurial excellence, especially with his interests in real estate, sports, and entertainment. Likewise, his entry into politics and public service resulted in the Presidential victory in, miraculously, his first ever run for office.
After graduating from the Wharton School of Finance, Mr. Trump followed in his father’s footsteps as a real estate developer, and he entered the world of real estate development in New York. The Trump signature soon became synonymous with the most prestigious of addresses in Manhattan and subsequently throughout the world. An accomplished author, Mr. Trump has authored over fourteen bestsellers and his first book, The Art of the Deal, in addition to being the #1 book of the year, is considered a business classic.
Mr. Trump announced his candidacy on June 16, 2015, and after seventeen Republican contenders suspended their campaigns, he accepted the Republican nomination for President of the United States in July of 2016. Mr. Trump won the election on November 8 of 2016 in the largest electoral college landslide for a Republican in 28 years. He won over 2,600 counties nationwide, the most since President Reagan in 1984. Additionally, he won over 62 million votes in the popular vote, the highest all-time for a Republican nominee. He also won 306 electoral votes, the most for a Republican since George H.W. Bush in 1988. Millions of Americans rallied behind his message of rebuilding our country and disrupting the status quo — this was a truly national victory and a historic movement.
Donald J. Trump campaigned in places he knew Republicans have had difficulty winning — Flint, Michigan, charter schools in inner-city Cleveland, and Hispanic churches in Florida — because he wanted to bring his message of economic empowerment to all Americans. Millions of new Republicans trusted Mr. Trump with their vote because of his focus on delivering prosperity through better trade deals, and as a result there were healthy margins of victory in newly red areas. It is clear that President Trump’s win is one that brought Americans of all backgrounds together, and he is ready to deliver results for the nation on day one and every day of his tenure.
President Trump has been married to his wife, Melania, for twelve years and they are parents to their son, Barron. Additionally, Mr. Trump has four adult children, Don Jr., Ivanka, Eric and Tiffany, and eight grandchildren.
For more on the G7 summit in Taormina, Sicily, and our dispatches on the Italian presidency of the G7 in 2017, follow our G7inUS publication here on Medium and Medium Italiano, or follow us on Twitter. For the official channel of the G7 presidency in 2017, follow @G7 on Twitter or visit the G7 official website.