General Coding & Scripting
Some software engineer/developer job descriptions list knowledge of ‘scripting’ as a requirement. What exactly does that mean? I can deduce that scripting means to write something, in this context, code. But what kind of code?
Examples From Job Descriptions
Keep in mind that I’ve mainly been looking at Software Engineer and Front End Development roles. Scripting goes beyond this into DevOps Engineer, Quality Assurance Engineer and more.
*scripting languages — such as Ruby/Ruby on Rails/Java
*familiarity with Linux-based shell scripting and CLI
*experience using automated scripting tools like ‘gulp’ to build automated development processes leveraging NPM or Yarn, Node.js and other modern development techniques
*proven shell scripting (Windows and/or Linux)
*Experience in writing a scripting language like Python or Ruby (Ruby or Clojure is a plus)
So, it is definitely a category of language. Is this the same as Windows/Linux-based shell scripting? There are also automated scripting tools. Hmm…
Scripting vs Non-Scripting
All scripting languages are programming languages.
But, not all programming languages are scripting languages.
Scripting languages are interpreted when code is run.
Non-Scripting languages are compiled to translate commands into machine code (binary) that can be executed.
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Examples of compiled non-Scripting Languages: C, C++, Java, Erlang, Haskell, Rust, Go, Scala
The ‘shell’ is the interface of the command line that interprets scripts/commands to access the operating system.
A Shell Scripts is a file containing a series of commands; similar to Bash Scripts.
Shell scripting can be done in any shell.
Stephen Bourne developed the original Unix shell
Most shell commands will work in bash.
Shell Scripting Tutorial
This tutorial is written to help people understand some of the basics of shell script programming (aka shell…
A Bash Script is a plain text file of a series of commands. These commands are exactly those that can be typed on the command line. So, this can save a good amount of time and effort if there’s a sequence of commands you want to execute. Scripts can even call on and execute other scripts!
Bash Script files end in ‘.sh’
Bash means “Bourne Again SHell” since it is an improvement of the original Bourne shell (sh) by Brian Fox..
Bash is one of several Unix shells and it is also the default shell on most Linux setups.
Bash Scripting is specific to Bash.
Not all bash commands will work with a ‘shell’ interpreter.
Use Bash to take advantage of more features.
What is a Bash Script? - Bash Scripting Tutorial
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Unix: Bash, Fish, Ksh, Tcsh, Zsh
grammar | quoting and escaping | characters variables | variable expansion | brace, tilde, command, and pathname…
Linux: Shell, Bash, C Shell (csh), Korn Shell (ksh), Zsh, Tcsh, Fish, Ion, Dash, Eshell, rc, Scsh, Xonsh, Oh, Elvish
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Windows: cmd.exe (aka Command Prompt), PowerShell, Git Bash (which I personally use)
These languages run on a web server/backend. Can handle data.
Examples: PHP, ASP.NET, Node.js, Java, Ruby, Perl, Python
These languages run on the client end/web browser.
I didn’t realize there was so much variety in scripting! The <script> HTML tag has nothing to do with the others, I don’t think. That’ll be a deep dive for another time. Why is it called ‘script’? What does it do behind the scenes besides pull in other sources so they’re accessible?
There are many varieties of shells that can be used based on what system you’re running.
Scripting languages have nothing to do with the scrips of commands that can be executed from the shell.
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Is bash scripting the same as shell scripting?
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