5 small things you probably don’t know about Kotlin
There are known knowns. These are things we know that we know. There are known unknowns. That is to say, there are things that we know we don’t know. But there are also unknown unknowns. There are things we don’t know we don’t know. — Donald Rumsfeld
I have been using Kotlin for almost a two years and I started from putting it to toy project intended for my tech talks. Do you remember that time when Kotlin had traits instead of interfaces? From the very first line, I knew that this language will change my life, and you know what? I was totally right.
Knowledge makes you better and that is why world’s most successful engineers are constantly learning new things. Here is my list of five less known things about Kotlin and I hope you will find at least three worth knowing.
1. Name your imports
In Kotlin, imports are used by the compiler to let you name your classes by their unqualified name. What happens if you have naming conflict? Sad things happen!
Personally, I hate using fully qualified package names in my code as it lowers readability and clarity. In Python, you can name your imports to fix the conflicts and Kotlin supports it as well ❤.
2. Change companion object name
Companion object was introduced to replace static members. It is not only for declaring static properties but also to name them. How? Let’s have a look at this example.
By default, Kotlin creates a static nested class Companion for every companion object. That is why you need to use CustomButton.Companion to access static members from Java code(you can also use it in Kotlin but it is not necessary). Kotlin lets you change the default name of companion object to whatever name you want. Refactored code looks like this.
The biggest drawback is that Kotlin does not support multiple companion objects for a class. It would be great for grouping static properties.
3. Compose functions
I bet you used function references before but have you ever tried to use them to compose functions? Imagine that you want to map an array of prices to prices that are taxed, discounted and rounded. Using common approach you will end up with something like this.
This example is begging for composition so do not disregard it and make the code better place. Abracadabra!
Functions composition not only makes your code cleaner but also faster. Once you understand it, you will be able to compose almost everything.
4. Change name of generated class
Extension functions are one of the most attractive features in Kotlin but using them in Java code can give you a serious headache. It is ugly and besides is nothing else like invoking a static method.
Kotlin generates class AnyKt with a static method so you can use it in Java. There is an option to change the name of generated class to achieve better readability.
5. Validate an assignment and “veto” it
The way in which Kotlin handles delegation is pretty spectacular so if you are not familiar with it, you should totally check my article: “Zero boilerplate delegation in Kotlin”.
Besides of “class delegation”, there is an interesting mechanism called “delegated properties” which is used for lazy property initialization. How would you solve scenario in which you need to be able to intercept an assignment and “veto” it? Is there any clean way to do it? Yes, there is!
Sample shows usage of a built-in vetoable delegate. Lambda passed to the vetoable is called before the assignment of a new value to property. Returning false from the lambda allows you to “veto” the assignment but if you want to pass it through return true.
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