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An Investor’s Guide To The Four Kinds of ICOs

“Organic” ICOs

“Artificial” ICOs

  1. Does success of the network require one entity to make significant sales, marketing, or integration for the platform to work? If the issuing company completely controls all possible use of a token — why tokenize at all?
  2. Is there a requirement for a trusted intermediary for every transaction? It so, what real value does the crypto technology add?
  3. Are incentives clear for all market participants — on every side of the network? Is the only reason is to ease capital flows to the company’s ecosystem — and raise capital? (Savvy investors best avoid.)

“Synthetic” ICOs




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