Ruby’s puts is not atomic

Paul Kuruvilla
Apr 2, 2017 · 2 min read

While improving a build script by parallelising actions, I realised that Ruby’s puts is not atomic.

Effects of the race condition in action

Looks like puts is calling the underlying write function twice - Once to actually print the variable given to it, and once again to print the newline character. This leads to a race condition in puts, as observed above.

I confirmed this by taking a look at the source code for puts in Rubinius and MRI.

Annotated source code for puts in MRI, Rubinius

There is an open issue to fix this in MRI to fix this by using writev instead of write

I worked around this by creating a safe_puts function in our code, it looked like this:

By supplying ‘\n’ explicitly at the end, the whole string gets printed at once

This seems to be a problem with Python too, according to this StackOverflow post.

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