Using Docker, Docker Compose, Angular-CLI 6+, Sass, and Pug (Jade)

Jose Javi Asilis
Jun 27, 2018 · 8 min read
Angular-CLI, Pug, and Sass in Docker

The purpose of this guide is to have a working Docker setup with Angular CLI while using Pug. I had some problems while getting the three of them to work together.
I’m going to assume you know a little bit of Docker (Although it’s not necessary) to keep it working.

Here’s the GitHub repo with the finalized code.

Some Notes:

  • This guide works for existing and new Angular-CLI applications.
  • You must have NodeJS 8+, Docker v18+ (Not necessarily, you can change the compose version to a lower number) already installed.
  • I’m currently using Windows 10 with Ubuntu installed. It’s important to note this because node-sass is going to give you problems when you try to run it with node_modules (Only happens with Windows)
  • The pug image was taken from user Mamugi1492 at RedBubble

Step #1 — Creating the new Angular Project

If you’re running Windows, and you will start fresh, skip to step #2. Others (Mac/Linux), do the following:

npm install -g @angular/cling new angular-pug-sass-docker-app --style=scss

This will install the angular cli globally, and then create a new angular app with Sass. Change angular-pug-sass to your project’s name.

Step #2 — Windows Only

You can either delete node_modules . Or, force rebuild node-sass. Unfortunately, I was not able to get it to work with any of these methods. That’s why I recommend you to follow option #1, and leave option #2 as an alternative.

Option #1 — Create the New Angular Project within Windows’s Linux distro (Recommended)

You will need to install Ubuntu on Windows 10 (Or any Linux version) You probably have it, since you must’ve installed Docker.

Open the Ubuntu Terminal and go to the directory you want to create the new app. In my case, I’m going to specify it in the desktop:

We do this by mounting the C drive (/mnt/c) and navigating to my desktop location C:\Users\jjancp\Desktop.

Combining both, we have:

cd /mnt/c/Users/jjancp/Desktop

Global install the cli:

sudo npm install -g @angular/cli

Create the new angular project:

ng new angular-pug-sass-docker-app --style=scss

Option #2- Create the New Angular Project within Windows and then use npm rebuild node-sass

This method didn’t work for me. In here, you install your modules directly from Windows, as any common project:

Globally installing the angular-cli in PowerShell or CMD:

npm install -g @angular/cli

Then, create the new Angular Project:

ng new angular-pug-sass-docker-app --style=scss

Step #3 — Add the ng-cli-pug-loader

ng add ng-cli-pug-loader

This command will install all the packages from package.json and add a file called ng-add-pug-loader.js at the project’s root, it will add pug-loader, pug, and apply-loader to the devDependencies. Finally, it’s going to include a run command in the package.json’s postinstall .

What this does, as explained in the linked article above, is that it edits the Webpack Config file from Angular, and injects the Pug loader to it, without the need to eject the Angular app!.

Something important: We do this manually, without specifying a docker image because we will not need to run ng add again. I was personally having problems when I tried to automate with Docker the whole process.

Step #4 — [ERR_INVALID_CALLBACK]: Callback must be a function in ng-add-pug-loader.js

You may come up with this problem. I still don’t know what’s the cause of the problem. But changing all the fs methods to synchronous seem to fix the following error:

TypeError [ERR_INVALID_CALLBACK]: Callback must be a function
at maybeCallback (fs.js:133:9)
at Object.writeFile (fs.js:1139:14)
at fs.readFile (/usr/app/ng-add-pug-loader.js:20:6)
at FSReqWrap.readFileAfterClose [as oncomplete] (internal/fs/read_file_context.js:53:3)
error Command failed with exit code 1.

A quick and dirty solution is to edit the ng-add-pug-loader.js. So go and open the file:

Here’s the file ( I created an issue in the repo):

/*** Adds the pug-loader inside Angular CLI's webpack config, if not there yet.
* @see
const fs = require('fs');
const commonCliConfig = 'node_modules/@angular-devkit/build-angular/src/angular-cli-files/models/webpack-configs/common.js';
const pugRule = '{ test: /.pug$/, use: [ { loader: "apply-loader" }, { loader: "pug-loader" } ] },';// See these:
// Thanks to danguilherme and Straker Carryer for spotting the issues with my approach
try { // Just in case the file isn't found.
const data = fs.readFileSync(commonCliConfig);
const configText = data.toString();
if (configText.indexOf(pugRule) > -1) { return; }
const position = configText.indexOf('rules: [') + 8;
const output = [configText.slice(0, position), pugRule,
const file = fs.openSync(commonCliConfig, 'r+'); // Insert the pug webpack rule
fs.writeFileSync(file, output);
} catch (e) {
console.error('There was an error while injecting the pug loader', e);

Step #5 — The Dockerfile

# Installs the current application on a Node Image.
FROM node:10.5
# The qq is for silent output in the console
# You are welcome to modify this part as it
RUN apt-get update -qq && apt-get install -y build-essential libpq-dev vim
# Sets the path where the app is going to be installed
ENV NODE_ROOT /usr/app/
# Creates the directory and all the parents (if they don’t exist)
RUN mkdir -p $NODE_ROOT
# Sets the /usr/app as the active directory
# Copies all the contentCOPY . .# Install all the packages
RUN npm install -g @angular/cli
RUN yarn install
# Uncomment this if you went with Option #2 in Step #2 (Windows Only)
# RUN npm rebuild node-sass --force
# The default port from ng serve (4200)
# and 49153 for Webpack Hot Module Reload
EXPOSE 4200 49153

Create an extensionless file, called Dockerfile and add it to the project’s root. Copy the contents above. If you’re experienced with Docker, you may see that we’re copying the whole folder, and then running the install. We can opt to copy the ng-add-pug-loader, angular.json, and the package.json files and run yarn install. I found some problems (could be due to my setup) to get it working.

If you decided to go with Step #2 Option #2 (Windows only). It’s likely that you’re going to have node-sass issues. Try seeing if the rebuild works. I tried it, and it didn’t.

If you’re having problems with the image, go to the Appendix at the bottom.



Create a nameless file with extension .dockerignore and copy the contents above.

Step #6 — Create the docker-compose.yml file

version: ‘3.6’
build: .
command: “npm start”
- “4200:4200”
- "49153:49153"
- “4200”
- "49153"
- “./:/usr/app/”

The volumes key will map our current directory to the Docker image’s content. This way, we don’t need to reload the container to see the changes.

If you check the npm start from the docker-compose you’ll see that it’s going to run ng serve . We need to make a slight adjustment inside the package.json

Step #7 — Update the package.json


“start”: “ng serve”,


“start”: “ng serve --host --poll=500”,

This command will let you navigate via http://localhost:4200

Example for the ng start script

The polling mechanism is measured in milliseconds. You can tune this to your preference.

Step #8— Change .html to .pug

Update app.component.html to app.component.pug Update its content:

| Welcome to {{ title }}!
img(width='300', alt='Angular Logo', src='data:image/svg+xml;base64,PHN2ZyB4bWxucz0iaHR0cDovL3d3dy53My5vcmcvMjAwMC9zdmciIHZpZXdCb3g9IjAgMCAyNTAgMjUwIj4KICAgIDxwYXRoIGZpbGw9IiNERDAwMzEiIGQ9Ik0xMjUgMzBMMzEuOSA2My4ybDE0LjIgMTIzLjFMMTI1IDIzMGw3OC45LTQzLjcgMTQuMi0xMjMuMXoiIC8+CiAgICA8cGF0aCBmaWxsPSIjQzMwMDJGIiBkPSJNMTI1IDMwdjIyLjItLjFWMjMwbDc4LjktNDMuNyAxNC4yLTEyMy4xTDEyNSAzMHoiIC8+CiAgICA8cGF0aCAgZmlsbD0iI0ZGRkZGRiIgZD0iTTEyNSA1Mi4xTDY2LjggMTgyLjZoMjEuN2wxMS43LTI5LjJoNDkuNGwxMS43IDI5LjJIMTgzTDEyNSA1Mi4xem0xNyA4My4zaC0zNGwxNy00MC45IDE3IDQwLjl6IiAvPgogIDwvc3ZnPg==')
h2 Here are some links to help you start:
a(target='_blank', rel='noopener', href='') Tour of Heroes
a(target='_blank', rel='noopener', href='') CLI Documentation
a(target='_blank', rel='noopener', href='') Angular blog

Update app.component.ts


templateUrl: ‘./app.component.html’,


templateUrl: ‘./app.component.pug’,

This is how it will look:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';@Component({
selector: 'app-root',
templateUrl: './app.component.pug',
styleUrls: ['./app.component.scss']
export class AppComponent {
title = 'app';

Step #9 — Run the app

docker-compose up

All set 😁😊🎉🎉🎉🎉🎉🎉🎉🎉

Appendix A

  1. Remove the node_modules folder.
  2. Install Ubuntu on Windows 10, or Vagrant on Windows 7/8.x
  3. Open the Ubuntu Command, and map it to your installation. In the case of Ubuntu on Windows 10, do it like this:
cd /mnt/c/Users/MyUser/Path/To/Angular-Project

4. In Ubuntu: Install NodeJS.

5. Perform a yarn install or npm install

Appendix B — Security Vulnerability (As of this writing — June 27, 2018) in one of the dependencies.

These seem to be the issues that address these problems:

how hackers start their afternoons.

Jose Javi Asilis

Written by

Tamperer and tinkerer at heart. Loves to work on pushing-boundaries projects. Always with 500% of energy. 🔥🔥🔥

how hackers start their afternoons.

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