Spiritual Medicine: ar-Razi on the Good Life

Farid Alsabeh
Handbook of Arabic Psychotherapy
5 min readAug 3, 2023

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Today, health and virtue are considered noble — but separate — pursuits. But for the thinkers of the past, our moral status was considered a state of health no different than that of our body. So when they spoke of healing vices like jealousy, anger, or ignorance, they meant it literally, not metaphorically.

The Islamic physician ar-Razi was one of those thinkers. In his book Spiritual

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