What Are Bitcoin’s New BRC-20 Tokens and What Do They Do?

Published in
4 min readMay 9


Cryptocurrencies have revolutionized the world of finance, and blockchain technology has paved the way for various digital tokens. Among these, BRC-20 tokens have emerged as an important class of tokens built on the Bitcoin blockchain. In this article, we will delve into the three main use cases of BRC-20 tokens, highlight the key differences between BRC-20 and ERC-20 tokens, and discuss the impact of BRC-20 token market growth on transaction fees within the Bitcoin blockchain.

BRC-20 Bitcoin

🔹 Three Main Use Cases of BRC-20 Tokens:

BRC-20 tokens, also known as Bitcoin-based tokens, have gained popularity due to their ability to leverage the security and widespread adoption of the Bitcoin blockchain. Here are three primary use cases for BRC-20 tokens:

  1. DeFi: BRC-20 tokens have found utility in decentralized finance applications. These tokens can be used for lending, borrowing, yield farming, and other DeFi activities.
  2. Tokenized Assets: Tokenization and fractionalization of real-world assets. By representing physical assets such as real estate, commodities, or even intellectual property on the Bitcoin blockchain.
  3. Cross-Chain Interoperability: BRC-20 tokens enable cross-chain interoperability between the Bitcoin blockchain and other blockchain networks. BRC-20 tokens can be seamlessly transferred and exchanged between different blockchains.
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🔹 Key Differences between BRC-20 and ERC-20 Tokens:

While BRC-20 tokens share similarities with ERC-20 tokens (tokens built on the Ethereum blockchain), there are several notable differences.

  1. Blockchain Infrastructure: BRC-20 tokens are built on the Bitcoin blockchain, which is designed for peer-to-peer electronic cash. On the other hand, ERC-20 tokens are built on the Ethereum blockchain, a programmable platform that supports smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps).
  2. Security Model: BRC-20 tokens inherit the security model of the Bitcoin blockchain called Proof-of-Work (PoW) consensus algorithm. PoW ensures the immutability and robustness of the Bitcoin network by requiring computational work for block validation. ERC-20 tokens, however, utilize Ethereum’s Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus algorithm and benefit from Ethereum’s security measures
  3. Network Fees and Scalability: Bitcoin’s limited transaction throughput and higher fees are reflected in BRC-20 token transactions. Due to the Bitcoin blockchain’s design, BRC-20 token transactions may experience higher fees and slower confirmation times compared to ERC-20 tokens on the Ethereum network.
We are still early for BRC-20 tokens

🔹Market Cap Growth and Impact on Transaction Fees:

The increasing popularity of BRC-20 tokens has positively impacted their market capitalization. As more projects and decentralized applications adopt BRC-20 tokens, their value and demand have surged. However, this growth in market capitalization has also led to an increase in transaction fees on the Bitcoin blockchain.

The Bitcoin blockchain has a limited capacity for processing transactions, and as the demand for BRC-20 tokens and other Bitcoin-based activities has grown, the network has experienced congestion. This congestion has resulted in higher transaction fees as users compete to have their transactions included in the limited block space available.

The increase in transaction fees can be attributed to the supply and demand dynamics of the Bitcoin blockchain. While the increase in fees may be seen as a drawback, it also highlights the growing interest and usage of BRC-20 tokens. Higher transaction fees can be seen as a reflection of the increased value and demand for these tokens, indicating a thriving market. To mitigate the impact of high fees, developers have been exploring various solutions such as layer-two solutions and the Lightning Network.


BRC-20 tokens have emerged as an important class of tokens built on the Bitcoin blockchain, offering unique use cases and benefits. As the industry continues to evolve, developers and users are actively exploring solutions to mitigate high fees and improve scalability. This ongoing innovation aims to enhance the user experience and facilitate the seamless integration of BRC-20 tokens into the broader cryptocurrency ecosystem.

This completes our overview of BRC-20. Make sure to join our social channels below to stay updated with all thing in crypto and Huobi.

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