Courtesy of Dewberry

Shelter in Place

Can America Hide from Its Racist, Violent History?

How much do you know about what it was like in San Francisco in November 1978?

On November 18, more than 900 former-San Franciscans met their ends in the steaming jungles of Guyana, killed by poisoned fruit drink or gun-fire after Jim Jones, a cult leader, ordered their deaths.

On November 27, deposed City and County Supervisor, Dan White, climbed through the back window of City Hall, and shot dead Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk. These two events took place when I was a sophomore in high school in San Francisco.

Jim Jones, with members of his “flock,” Ukiah, CA, early 1970s.

The paternalism and racist supremacy that allowed Jim Jones to control his flock of largely African-American and poor white people was out in the open, yet he operated with impunity for years in San Francisco, immune to political criticism as long as he delivered votes to certain candidates.

Dan White’s racism and homophobia was well-known and tolerated by his colleagues at City Hall for years — until he failed to win re-election, at which time he was shunned by his fellow Supervisors who had come to recognize the insistent winds of social change in the rise of gays and multi-ethnic coalitions.

I wasn’t aware of those nuances as they informed those events in real-time…but, I was aware that shocking, world-shaking acts of violence have long been a key narrative in our American story. Late in the year of my birth (1963), President John F. Kennedy was shot dead in Dallas, and five years later, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Robert Kennedy, too, were gunned down.

Through grade school and much of my secondary-school years, I received contemporary history lessons taught by earnest Great Society era educators who emphasized this message: these assassinations represented an assault on American democracy. They were carried out by retrograde, bigoted individuals who had apparently been driven to violence by a changing society. But the forces of good, aka egalitarianism, measured out fairly via our systems of laws, checks and balances, would prevail.

Yes, well.

For better and worse, there isn’t much that is new under the sun.

Fast forward to October 3, 2013.

Oct. 3, 2013: Seeking Shelter, residents dash away from sudden violence in Nation’s Capital.

Today a woman allegedly attempted to ram her car into gates near the White House. She reportedly attempted to flee, and was shot by local law enforcement officials near the U.S. Capitol Building. Two weeks ago, a gunman who was apparently suffering from mental illness that led him to believe that unseen forces were out to get him shot and killed 12 workers at the Navy Yard in the District of Columbia before officers shot him dead.

The gunman in the Navy Yard tragedy was black, and early reports of today’s incident indicate that the driver of the car that seemed to be trying to breach security at the White House may have been black. Were their respective mental states affected by race in America? Scoff if you like. I consider this a legitimate area of inquiry.

In real-time, during both these violent incidents, employees, tourists and others in the vicinity were told to “shelter in place” by law enforcement officers or administrators. It is a government-sanctioned directive, clearly designed to positively inform people on how to keep safe during times of lethal threat.

The race of these two individuals who caused these violent outbursts is both important and possibly not so important — what matters to me is that violence appeared to be their court of last resort. The motivations of their respective choices are worth examining, once we learn more about their lives.

What’s obvious right now, though, is this:

We’re trapped in an endless loop of denial when it comes to race and violence in America.

We are living a weird mash-up of the Dickensian cliche — “the best of times, the worst of times” — and “Groundhog Day.” America sits atop the list of developed nations in terms of GDP, military might, and at least several cultural and intellectual sectors.

We have twice elected a Black American man as President. We do not live — as was the case in my childhood — under the constant fear of a nuclear attack. We haven’t had a major race-related urban disturbance since 1992.

And yet, our Original Sin — racism — continues to haunt America, including blacks and whites. Several years ago, I had the pleasure of working with one of the world’s most prominent psychiatrists, Alvin F. Poussaint, of the Harvard Medical School. We wrote a nonfiction book examining people of color in America and mental health. Dr. Poussaint joins other black clinical mental health experts in exploring a theory that gets little coverage in the press: Black people in America are experiencing something known as Post-traumatic Slave Syndrome (PTSS). The syndrome affects whites, too.

As Dr. P. lays it out, the symptoms are highly detrimental to Blacks, foremost, though they are debilitating for whites too if in less acute forms and at fewer points that are immediately life-shortening. For Blacks, the symptoms and expressions of PTSS include fatalistic outlook, self-destructive behavior, and hopelessness; risky-behaviors including putting oneself in danger of violence, behaving violently toward others; over-eating, smoking, drinking to excess, and drug abuse. For whites, holding racist beliefs and bigoted ideation is a form of mental illness that can lead to symptomatic physical health risks such as heart disease.

Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome is triggered in African-Americans by encounters with expressions of racist discrimination and bigotry. In whites, it is triggered by encountering blacks or other ethnic minorities that historically were deemed “inferior,” and feeling confined by postmodern laws and policies that inhibit overt reactions that are now “officially” illegal or socially unacceptable.

In our 21st Century world, PTSS can percolate quietly for years or decades, eating away at the host. It can lead to high blood pressure, diabetes, over-eating and other forms of risky behavior. I actually think that more whites than we are immediately aware of experience PTSS, even if they aren’t considered pathological: those who engage in barely-concealed forms of racist or bigoted behavior, such as assuming criminality in young black men walking down a street, or refusing to hire black job candidates who hold academic and work credentials similar or surpassing those of white job candidates are, I believe, experiencing symptoms of PTSS.

In short, we’re all exposed.

Still, I am an optimist, not least from having come of age in a city that celebrated (note the past tense) genuine ethnic and class diversity. My family, proud, educated, resourceful black people, raised me to give folks the benefit of the doubt. Yet of late, I have to say that I sense in our body politic a pungent level of racist sentiment that is no less lethal for its inchoate, hard-to-pin-down nature.

By now, I honestly do not much care if my colleagues in mass communications scoff or roll their eyes at my saying this. The sad truth is that far from effectively covering the insidious creep of our current silent-but-deadly forms of racism that are spreading like kudzu across America, all too many members of the “press” — at least what is left of Legacy media — continue to quantify, equivocate or otherwise downplay the real expressions and consequences of 21st Century racism. The message gatekeepers of the nonprofits and foundations that have stated missions of addressing racial discrimination, too, are complicit: How many marquee nonprofit organizations that claim to be in the business of “doing good” for under-represented groups actually have people of color in key leadership positions, particularly in communications roles?

So for all the deluge of “content” that washes over us, millions of Americans are shockingly ill-informed or willfully in denial about the true source of our existential sickness.

And we’re running out of places to hide from the ever-more brazen outbursts of racism-driven violence that are besetting our cities. We cannot pass universal gun safety laws that keep even our children safe. We have a faction of one side of our two legislative bodies — the House of Representatives — holding a figurative gun to the head of the President, threatening to blow up our economy over the Affordable Healthcare Act…which has been voted into law, and upheld by the Supreme Court.

That the ACA won’t actually help millions of poor and black residents in 26 states has not dampened the anger of this faction of House GOP members. Rep.Marlin Stutzman, R-Indiana, pretty much gave up the true motivation for the conservative’s intransigence on the “Shutstorm” crisis in a recent interview: He and other GOP Reps simply cannot sit idly by and be “disrespected” by President Barack Obama.

To those who do not understand Code Speak, I will translate:

Rep. Marlin Stutzman,at right, R-Ind., says he feels “disrespected” by President Obama.

Stutzman, and his colleagues who are threatening to blow up the American economy and possibly the global economy are probably responding to deep feelings of racism.

So yes, I have said it. They cannot accept that not once but twice, a majority of voting Americans have elected a Black man as Commander in Chief.

Thus, we are at this “best of times/worst of times” meets “Groundhog Day” moment: We’ve become superficially enlightened enough to “allow” a black man to have the top job in America but also are still so emotionally immature as to keep repeating the same old racist, destructive thinking — and behaviors — that have rent our nation since the Civil War. Oh yeah, and Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, too, owing to racism. Right here in Washington, mere footsteps from the latest violent assault on the White House.

So, yes, this piece is not terribly well organized, and I do apologize. But ya know? Things are moving wickedly fast in a destructive way, but scarily slow, in terms of any hint of egalitarian or at least non-violent solutions to addressing our history of violence and racism.

The nation is being quietly and sometimes not-so-quietly torn asunder by forces that should have been dealt with long ago. I am not prone to ‘playing the race card,” (which is,by the way, a topsy-turvy, through-the-looking-glass phrase invented to absolve postmodern white people of racist discrimination.) I am actually inclined to take people at face value — something that can be a big liability within the media/communications/marketing circles here in D.C., I’ve learned.

But it is time to call this for what it is:

Many, many Americans are not ready to accept a Black American as President. And they are prepared to blow us all up in protest.

From Rep.Joe Wilson shouting “You lie!” at President Obama during one of the president’s earliest State of the Union Addresses, to consistent reports from the Secret Service that President Obama has received more death threats than any other president, to the parade of conservatives who invoke racially-loaded code speak when referring to the President or his policies; to the current ShutStorm (which let’s be clear, happened largely because the Tea Party faction with the GOP Reps in the House campaigned and got elected on an anti-government platform), to the millions of horrifically racist comments that post beneath literally ANY story about Barack Obama that have published in regional and national online publications since 2008, I say it is obvious what is up.

The trouble is, the President cannot rightly hold a press conference calling for an end to “racism as we know it,” since he correctly senses that such an announcement would only further inflame the unreconstructed racists in America and also quite likely turn aside some moderates, as well.

After all, as film director John Singleton recently observed, there are plenty of self-described “liberals” who actually hold racist or White Supremacist beliefs, too, however subliminal. Singleton described a conversation with a white colleague in Hollywood who told him that some studio executives and others in the film-making community believe that because they donated money to President Obama’s two campaigns, and also voted for him, that they “don’t have to hire blacks.” And nationwide, the sky-high black unemployment rate, twice the rate of what it is for whites, hasn’t happened by accident.

Local and national news outlets pay attention to politicians and other national and regional officials who do and say things that are unmistakeably racist, covering these outbursts like sporting events. The press for the most part fails miserably of late at taking deep-dives into the increasingly widespread and insidious racism-driven policies that are rolling along unabated. The Supreme Court’s move to vacate key provisions of the Voting Rights Act didn’t happen overnight, nor did challenges to public education that are threatening opportunities for poor and brown children across the land arrive out of the blue. Sure, disparate blogs and some legitimate press outlets are covering these developments, and yet….

The accumulative impact, the drip, drip, drip of rapidly vanishing opportunities for under-served people, requires much more focused and sustained coverage. And the deplorable state of mental healthcare for most Americans but especially for people of color is creating terrible episodes of violence seemingly every week, including the mass deaths from gun violence that have taken place in the past decade.

So where does that leave us?


Wallowing in distractions, drowning in an endless array of consumer goods and “news sources” circulated by ever-more powerful tech companies — groups that, by the way, do not hire black Americans.

We are nakedly exposed to the toxic fallout of our unresolved racist history. What’s the solution?

How can we move forward positively if we can’t even admit that this is a real problem?

Gimme shelter, indeed.

Like what you read? Give Amy Alexander a round of applause.

From a quick cheer to a standing ovation, clap to show how much you enjoyed this story.