Werner Heisenberg and his Terrible Ph.D. Defense

When the pioneer of quantum mechanics performed poorly in his doctorate oral exam

Sunny Labh
ILLUMINATION
Published in
4 min readSep 20, 2022

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There’s no denying that Werner Heisenberg was one of the quintessential figures in Quantum Mechanics. It would not be wrong to say that he was one of the main pioneers of the theory of Quantum Mechanics. The perception of people on his life’s work isn’t all glory, though. He is an ambiguous figure.

Heisenberg was a regular visiting student at Munich. In 1923, he returned to Munich to…

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Sunny Labh
ILLUMINATION

Science writer and communicator majoring in Quantum Mechanics. Curator of @PhysInHistory on twitter. Twitter: @thePiggsBoson