Why Not Enforce the Search Engines? See the Exact Search Not Millions of Documents

The good news is, that the search engine can be enforced for the required results

Afzal Badshah, PhD
Published in
3 min readFeb 18, 2022


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Searching for anything on the web generates millions of results. In this million results, it is not possible to locate the closest one. Why not enforce the search engine to display only the required documents available on the web?

The good news is that the search engine can be enforced for the required results.

Start with important keywords

Each writer specifies his document with keywords on the web. Search engines match the written search string with the authors’ keywords. If it matches, the page is displayed. With this simple methodology, thousands of results appear. Therefore, for searching on the web, specific keywords should be used. In case of searching an article, you should write the keywords like the field of study, the results, the problem and the methodology. These words are concatenated with “AND”.

Field of study AND Outcomes AND Methodology

Now, to create an initial search string, for example, I want to search “revenue maximization in cloud computing”. In this case, cloud computing is the field of study, revenue maximization is outcome or objective, and customer satisfaction is methodology. To concatenate them with AND (I’m not including here the objectives), this may look like;

Cloud Computing AND Revenue AND Maximization

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The “AND” keyword forces the search engine to display only results that must have the above keywords. So you will only see pages that will have the keywords listed above. Other documents or pages will not be displayed.

Use the synonyms of the selected keywords

However, the problem is that each author uses their own keywords of choice. For example, for revenue, he/she can write profit or gain etc. Similarly, for maximization; increase or improvement words can be used. The same case also applies to cloud computing. Therefore, to compel the search engine to find all documents related to the search, authors can use synonyms of the keywords. These synonyms are concatenated with the keyword “OR”.

Revenue=> Profit OR earning OR reveneu

Maximization=> Increasing OR improving OR Maximization

Cloud Compouting => Cloud computing OR edge computing OR mobile computing

The keyword “OR” allows the research engine, to show the content which has anyone keyword concatenated with “OR”.

The initial string, which concatenates the main keywords with “AND”, is replaced with the synonyms list. Let's see,

(Profit OR earning OR reveneu) AND (Increasing OR improving OR maximization) AND (Cloud computing OR edge computing OR mobile computing)

The above string will only show a few results. Sometimes this string is so tight that only a few searches are displayed and you don’t get the required result, in such a case you may lose the string. The keyword “OR” widens the search, where the AND limited the search.

Basic tips for writing title by Dr Afzal Badshah

Results from major search engines often make it difficult for users to locate the pages they need. However, any search engine, especially digital libraries, makes it easier for researchers to find the articles they need without having to sift through irrelevant material. Therefore, I suggest adopting the methods described above to save time.

To explore more about professional academic writing, please see the following article



Afzal Badshah, PhD

Dr Afzal Badshah focuses on academic skills, pedagogy (teaching skills) and life skills.