TOPIC: South China Sea
Submitter : the delegation of Kuwait
Co-submitter(s) : South Africa, Peru
Signatories : South Africa, Indonesia, Peru, Belgium, Dominican Republic, Russian federation, USA, France, Poland
THE SECURITY COUNCIL:
Noting the increasing tensions in the South China Sea ;
Remarking the certain legislative aberrations in the share of the maritime space of the South China Sea ;
Understand that power struggles are increasingly frequent because of a bad share of rights ;
Bearing in mind that the South China Sea is one of the most important traffic zones in the world for shipping, exchanges and trade ;
Realizing that this situation needs to be solved because of increasing tensions ;
1. Affirms that all the sovereignty in relationship with the SCS is to be delegated to the United Nations ;
For that matter
1.1. Affirms that territorial waters will remain the property of their owners ;
1.2. Affirms that Exclusive Economic Zones will remain the property of their owners ;
2. Reminds and states that the military forces will be provided :
2.1. For the territorial zones, by the country the territorial waters belong to ;
2.2. For the Exclusive Economic Zones, by the country, whom will be able to be helped by the UN, whom would also be able to act by themselves in case of difficulties ;
2.3. For the international waters, by the UN ;
3. Reminds their statement that the region of the “nine-dash line” that are not included in any EEZs affirmed previously should be less controlled by China allowing countries and international companies to exploit some of the resources but military activities should only take place in agreement with China.
The nine dash line would go from being China’s property to the UN’s in a six year delay, This transition should concern the resources also: 1st year 80% to China, 2nd — 3 years: 50% to China. Once the waters are UN waters, the resources should be divided according to the population between ASEAN countries and China.
4. Further recommends that fishing would be allowed, for the territorial and Exclusive Economic Zones, to the ships from the country the waters belong to, and would be forbidden in international waters, notably because of the danger they represent, and also to prevent mass fishing ;
5. Authorizes and recommends the creation of a UN naval force that would replace all other military forces present in the region to patrol the borders in a delay of 6 years.
Issue: Preventing water scarcity
Main submitter : United Kingdom
Signatories : USA, Russian Federation, China
THE SECURITY COUNCIL:
Concerned by the fact that approximately 35 000 people have been killed since 2009, 7.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance (according to OCHA) during the ongoing conflict in the Lake Chad in Nigeria due to Water Scarcity,
Recalling the goals of UN General Assembly Resolution 64/292 of 28 July 2010, receiving safe, affordable, and clean water is a basic human right for all,
Disturbed by the fact that terrorist organizations blocks civilians to use water,
Alarmed by the support given to criminal groups by benefactor states,
Expressing its appreciation to UN for its initiatives such as conferences, aids for victims of conflicts due to water scarcity and to take part in mediation in order to facilitate or regulate the tension between the leaders and their civilians,
- Calls upon all member states to:
Raise awareness by promoting the dangers and the consequences of water scarcity, and how to use water efficiently through:
(i) education programs (schools)
(ii) media such as magazines, newspaper articles,
2. Encourages companies to fund projects, such as:
(a) creating a safe zone for refugees in order to Protect them from getting attacked by terrorist organisations.
(b) Further requests developed countries and pharmaceutical companies to provide volunteers such as “Medecins sans frontieres” for civilians whose lives are jeopardized.
3. Supports enhancing the regional security through international counter terrorism operation.
4. Urges the launch of a joint operation against terrorism through intergovernmental platform, including UN Security Council counterterrorism committee, Interpol, and other concerned international or national bodies to mitigate conflicts between nations.
(a) In addition, the UN may extend peacekeeping operations in the purpose of securing regional safety due to water scarcity. In the places where rainwater would be reused, the UN is to provide in all cases some ways to filtrate water in order to protect the locals from intriguing illnesses.
5. Further requests to distribute water storage and filtration by :
(a) By providing water storage facilities for water management as the annual precipitation of the region reaches above 1000 mm. Rainfall can feed not only agriculture but also potable water to the locals.
(b) If possible, each neighborhood assists to install a rain collecting tank equipped with a filtering system to provide clean water.
(c )Special raising global fund for handling water during climate change
(i) Do research about the situations where water scarcity is the most present
(ii) Hence, provide the most adapted amount of money needed by clarifying reasons behind this help.
ORGANIZED CRIME AT SEA: Crisis situation
Submitter: Ivory Coast
Co-submitter(s): United Kingdom, Equatorial Guinea, South Africa
Signatories: Germany, France, Belgium, China, Poland
- Assures the implementation of a common judicial, police and criminal law-enforcement area in which information would be shared and the right of prosecution at sea, at land, against sponsors, traffickers and pirates would be recognized; (a) Announces the international cooperation with naval powers intervening :(i) Create a new military unit under the supervision and control of the UN that will be formed out of military personnel from the neighbouring countries whose mission shall be the eradication of organised crime at sea.
- Requests regional cooperation between neighbouring coastal countries –including but not limited to the limited to the ones surrounding the Gulf of Guinea- by: (a) Allowing both aerial and navy military to collaborate in order to patrol a wider area with more forces while reducing costs, with this made possible by: (i)The procurement of vessels and most of the logistics and human resources for the operation by one country, while the other opens its waters to the military forces in the sole objective to patrol, with a guard post to regulate and keep under control each countries’ military patrols so as to stay within appropriate conduct; (b) Allowing the region’s countries to join forces so as to place policemen aboard military vessels that operate in locations at risk;
- The creation of maritime air patrol through a satellite surveillance system and fighter jets in order to observe and secure the Gulf of Guinea ; The enforcement of a coordination policy will lead to a comprehensive review of every country’s legal framework thus ensuring fair trials. Members of the judicial system shall be formed in coordination with maritime enforcement agencies to enable more efficient trials. Furthermore the establishment of courts allocated to dealing with crimes at sea.
- Emphasizes the need for the establishment of efficient alarm systems and information services, believable dissuasion and intervention forces with high mobility and the capacity to conduct lengthy operations in African coastal countries;
- Recommends the creation of a status of ‘unlawful combatant’ equivalent to the one for terrorists for people committing acts of piracy;
- Authorizes the use of force to counter acts of piracy and of armed robbery at sea, and destroy the vessels if necessary;
- Urges governments to take measures to tackle piracy at its roots, with measures such as, but not limited to: (a) Preventing the enrollment of people in piracy in the first place by: (i) The financial investment of other countries in national programs to help more people find a job; (ii) Increasing the literacy rate in the area with education programs funded by other countries; (iii) Preserving traditional fishing activities by reducing the industrial fishing industry that makes the fishermen lose their jobs and force them into piracy; (iv) The increasing of the security norms by multinational collaboration, along with greater punishments for crime members who are caught.
ORGANIZED CRIME AT SEA:
Co-Submitters: Belguim, United Kindom
Signatories: Poland, Dominican Republic, South Africa, Ivory Coast, People’s Republic of China, Peru, France, Equatorial Guinea, Kuwait
- Draws the attention to prevent the development of organized crimes at sea due to the immoral use of the violence in the order to: ensure local and global security; respect and distribute peaceful international relationships;
- Asks all Member States to cooperate for the purpose of fighting illegal and unregulated actions and ensuring global security;
- Requests the States of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), the Gulf of Guinea Commission (GGC), International Maritime Organisation (IMO), International Criminal Court (ICC), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to develop a comprehensive strategy within concerted actions, including: i. the development and strengthening of laws and regulations to implement relevant international agreements addressing the safety and security; ii. raising of awareness about piracy and armed robbery at sea; provide funds to all countries in order to develop schooling around the dangers of piracy all films to do with piracy should be censored and suppressed; iii. funding for security equipments related to bilateral or regional maritime patrols;
- Notes the significance of cooperation with shipping industry to provide appropriate guidance on avoidance and defensive techniques;
- Urges to take measures related to poverty in all its forms in West and Central African countries: i.investing in poverty eradication actions; ii.creating an appropriate social protection systems; iii.providing safe, effective, quality and affordable essential health-care services; iv.ensuring quality education for all by inviting volunteers such as teachers;
- Further invites all members of the Security Council to protect coastline industries from several attacks;
- Ensures the necessity of monitoring by UN special organizations such as International Maritime Organisation (IMO), which will take direct measures and prevent organized crimes at sea.
- Uses the pirates caught as guinea pigs for research about the possibility to live on Mars, including trips to Mars funded by the generous UN funds. The oil used should be taken from the country the pirates have been taken from.
© Chairs of SC