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JavaScript Object Manipulation

“cracked egg with small eggs” by Laurentiu Iordache on Unsplash

JavaScript is designed on a simple object-based paradigm. An object can be created with figure brackets {…} with an optional list of properties. A property is a “key: value” pair, where key is a string (also called a “property name”), and value can be anything.

In this article, I will be discussed on the basic manipulation of the object what we use in our daily coding life.

Object Declaration:

An empty object (empty cabinet) can be created using one of two syntaxes:

let user = new Object(); // "object constructor" syntax
let user = {}; // "object literal" syntax

Object With Constructor:

We can create an object with these two steps:

  1. Define the object type by writing a constructor function. There is a strong convention, with good reason, to use a capital initial letter.
  2. Create an instance of the object with new.
function User(name, age, mobile) {
this.name = name;
this.age = age;
this.mobile = mobile;
}
var user1 = new User('Talha', 26, 8801967402131);
console.log(user1)
//
user1 = {
age: 26,
mobile: 1993,
name: "Talha"
}

Accessing Object Properties:

We can access object properties in two different ways. One of them is bracket notation.

object[key]

and the other one is the dot notation.

object.key

const user = {
name: "Talha",
age: 26,
marks: {
math: 20,
eng:30
}
};
console.log(user["marks"]["math"]) //20
console.log(user.marks.math) //20

Get Values from an Object: Object.values()

Return an array of the values of an object.

const user1 = {
age: 26,
mobile: 8801967402131,
name: "Talha"
}
const user = Object.values(user1);
console.log(user) //[26, 8801967402131, "Talha"]

Get Keys from an Object: Object.keys()

Return an array of the keys of an object.

const user1 = {
age: 26,
mobile: 8801967402131,
name: "Talha"
}
const user = Object.keys(user1);
console.log(user) //["age", "mobile", "name"]

Object To Array Entries: Object.entries()

Creates an array which contains arrays of key/value pairs of an object.

const user1 = {
age: 26,
mobile: 8801967402131,
name: "Talha"
}
const user = Object.entries(user1);
console.log(user)
//[["age", 26], ["mobile", 8801967402131], ["name", "Talha"]]

Merging Object with Spread:

Merging two objects and that returns a new object.

const user1 = {
age: 26,
mobile: 8801967402131,
name: "Talha"
}
const newObj = {
...user1,
location: 'sylhet'
}
console.log(newObj)
//
newObj = {
age: 26,
location: "Dhaka",
mobile:
8801967402131,
name: "Talha"
}

Combining Two Object: Object.assign()

Similar to the spread operator. Allows for objects to be combined together.

const user1 = {
birtYear: 1993,
name: "Talha"
}
const user1NewVal = {
age: 26,
}
const combineObj = Object.assign(user1, user1NewVal)
console.log(combineObj)
//
{
age: 26,
birtYear: 1993,
name: "Talha"
}

Freezing An Object: Object.freeze()

Prevents from modifying existing properties or adding new properties and values in the object. It’s often what people think const does, however const allows you to modify an object.

const user1 = {
age: 26,
mobile: 1993,
name: "Talha"
}
Object.freeze(user1);
user1.name = 'Abu';
console.log(user1.name) //"Talha"

Object Frozen or Not: Object.isFrozen()

The Object.isFrozen() determines if an object is frozen. Return Bolean value.

const user1 = {
age: 26,
mobile: 1993,
name: "Talha"
}
console.log(Object.isFrozen(user1)) // false
Object.freeze(user1)
console.log(Object.isFrozen(user1)) // ture

Sealing an Object : Object.seal()

The method seals an object, preventing new properties from being added to it and marking all existing properties as non-configurable. Values of present properties can still be changed as long as they are writable.

const user1 = {
mobile: 1993,
name: "Talha"
}
Object.seal(user1);
user1.age = 'ABU';
console.log(user1.name) //"ABU"
user1.age = 26;
console.log(user1.age) //undefined

In the above example, we can see that user1 objects value of existing key can be changeable but we can not delete or insert new properties in this object.

Object Sealed or Not: Object.isSealed()

The Object.isSealed() method determines if an object is sealed.

const user1 = {
mobile: 1993,
name: "Talha"
}
console.log(Object.isSealed(user1)) //false
Object.seal(user1);
console.log(Object.isSealed(user1)) // ture

Localization : Object.toLocaleString()

The method returns a string representing the object. This method is meant to be overridden by derived objects for locale-specific purposes.

const date1 = new Date(Date.UTC(2018, 11, 20, 3, 0, 0));
console.log(date1.toLocaleString('bn'))
//"৫/১২/২০১৮ ৯:০০:০০ AM"

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