Informed Health Choices
“Dr. Hoenikker used to say that any scientist who couldn’t explain to an eight-year-old what he was doing was a charlatan.” Dr Breed in Cat’s Cradle by Kurt Vonnegut
InfoDesignLab is proud to collaborate with an extraordinary team of scientists, researchers and communicators from all over the world on Informed Health Choices, a project whose goal is to empower people to make informed choices.
Good health depends on people making good choices. Good choices depend on their ability to obtain, process, understand and judge the trustworthiness of the relevant health information. Most people lack that ability and they lack easy access to reliable information.
Claims about health effects are everywhere
There are endless claims about what improves or harms our health: claims about the effects of drugs, surgery and other types of “modern medicine”; claims about lifestyle changes, such as changes to what you eat or how you exercise; claims about herbal remedies and other types of “traditional” or “alternative medicine”; claims about public health and environmental interventions; and claims about changes in how healthcare is delivered, financed and governed.
Most people are unable to assess claims
Most health messages simply tell people what to do or make a claim without providing adequate information for people to make informed choices. In addition, health and science education tends towards rote learning rather than critical thinking, so most people never learn how to assess health claims or make informed health choices.
Unreliable claims lead to harm and waste
People’s mistaken trust in unreliable claims has led to millions of unnecessary deaths, untold suffering, and billions of dollars being wasted every year. Conversely, failure to believe and act on reliable claims also leads to unnecessary suffering and inefficient use of resources. Economically disadvantaged people suffer disproportionately, as they can least afford to waste resources.
Reliable information is hard to access
Huge efforts have gone into health research and into summarizing what we know from that research. However, most people do not have easy access to that information. Now we need to harness that information by making sure people everywhere have easy access to research findings in formats that are understandable and useful to them. We need to empower them to use it, to make well-informed choices, and to improve global health.
Our solution is two-fold:
• Learning resources that will enable people to recognize reliable and unreliable claims, and to use reliable information to inform their decisions.
• Accessible evidence that will make it easy for people to find and use the best available research evidence to inform their decisions.
Critical thinking about claims
We are developing, testing, and scaling up the use of effective learning resources to enable people to think critically about health claims and make informed choices. We started with primary school resources, to lay a foundation for continued learning. The resources will complement and facilitate teaching critical thinking and scientific reasoning in other areas. We also started in low-income settings, where the need is greatest.
Explore our learning resources
Easy access to reliable information
To make it easy for people to access reliable information, we are preparing user-friendly summaries of evidence of effects together with other necessary information in formats that have been shown to meet people’s needs, including summary of findings tables, plain language summaries, and evidence to decision frameworks.
Explore our resources for making evidence accessible
Better personal choices and policy decisions
Our solution will empower individuals to make better personal choices. It will also enable them to participate in policy debates as scientifically literate citizens. Today’s children are tomorrow’s health professionals and policymakers, as well as patients and citizens. To achieve the benefits of a scientifically literate population making well-informed decisions, we need to start with children and the time to start is now, for their benefit and the benefit of humankind.
We are working together with teachers, students and other stakeholders in designing learning resources in different countries around the world — including low- and high-income countries. We are using user-centred design to make sure we develop resources that are engaging, understandable and feasible to implement in a range of contexts. Before scaling up the use of resources, we are testing them in fair comparisons (randomized trials) to make sure that they are effective.
Read more about how we work
In the media:
New program uses comics to teach kids about junk science
Adriana Barton, The Globe and Mail
Immunizing children against deadly bullshit
Matt Oxman, HealthNewsReview.com
Come insegnare ai bambini a difendersi dalle bufale?
Stefano Dalla Casa, Wired Italia
Teaching children to make better health decisions
Richard Smith, BMJ Blogs
Evaluar mensajes de salud es cosa de niños
Gonzalo Casino, Escepticemia
Teaching kids to assess goopy health claims
Matt Oxman, Evidently Cochrane
Kan vi lære skoleelever kritisk tenkning om helsepåstander?
Can we teach kids to think critically about health claims? (English translation)
Matt Oxman, Lena Nordheim & Atle Fretheim, Aftenposten