Week 5 - Discussion: Intelligence & Algorithm

What will the future look like?


Let’s play the imitation game

We will need: two volunteers, and rest of the class!

Three questions that you will ask to tell someone’s gender

  1. What’s your daily routine to get ready for class in the morning?
  2. What’s do you like to do for fun with friends?
  3. What’s your favorite TV show?
Original Turing Test

Did any machine pass the test?

Do you think that Eugene Goostman passed the turing test?

ChatBots

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnzlbyTZsQY

What is Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the intelligence exhibited by machines or software. It is an academic field of study which generally studies the goal of emulating human-like intelligence (Wikipedia).
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S5CjKEFb-sM

We hear about Artificial Intelligence all the time. It is mentioned in all kinds of media — fictions, films and cartoons. It is the NPC in games. It is widely used in business, engineering and product development.

Transcendence (2014)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rOtsqKuBOyA

Her (2013)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HtsQ1b3H24w

I, Robot (2004)

The Scene that Sonny told detective Del that it was taught to have emotion, feelings, and dreams.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05bGPiyM4jg

IBM develops Watson that can learn and create solutions to unsolvable questions.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qry_zGZFjOc

From Alan Turing to Apple — we have Siri.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/69190317@N06/6390218685/

… and Cortana.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tYZ5gAQMJg8

Artificial Intelligence comes in different forms — it can be a robot, a interface or a system.

http://xkcd.com/948/

Ethical issues

Is it a personal assistant or robot slavery/servant? Do technology have moral sense or rights?

Do you think that it is ethical to build artificial intelligence, should we have restriction when designing/programming a computer?

Three Laws of Robotics

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AWJJnQybZlk
First Law: A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm.
Second Law: A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law.
Third Law: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law.
What does your Siri think about technology ethics?

And more…


AI and The Future


What will future jobs look like?

  • Less job opportunity for human?
  • higher skill requirement for same level job?

What does Stephen Hawking think of Artificial Intelligence?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8y5EXFMD4s

In this interview with John Oliver, Stephen was asked about his recent column response to the Film Transcendence’s take on Artificial Intelligence:

The potential benefits are huge; everything that civilisation has to offer is a product of human intelligence … Success in creating AI would be the biggest event in human history. Unfortunately, it might also be the last, unless we learn how to avoid the risks. In the near term, world militaries are considering autonomous-weapon systems that can choose and eliminate targets; the UN and Human Rights Watch have advocated a treaty banning such weapons. In the medium term, as emphasised by Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee in The Second Machine Age, AI may transform our economy to bring both great wealth and great dislocation.

Stephen responded (2:25):

Artificial intelligence could be a real danger in the not too distant future. It could design improvement to itself, and out-smart us all.

What do think the relationship between Human and Computer will be like in the future?

Computers: accurate, smart and efficient

Human: creative and emotional

Man-computer symbiosis

https://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/14092973648/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gPg5y0Uug0I