Compounding technologies: X-Road
One thing that is important to understand about the X-Road is that it is not a fundamentally new invention. Estonia simply harnessed then existing technologies and applied them in a novel way in the state governance context.
Introduction to X-Road
Author: Anto Veldre
Without systemized data of this kind we will not have a State but a pack of hunters-gatherers or an unorganized group of countrymen.
States have historically used clay tablets, parchment, and paper in governance. The modern State is maintained via computers and databases because these technologies allow for greater speed and complexity. We are able to form ever more complex associations and paper forms are constantly being replaced by databases and web forms. Just 30 years ago, obtaining certificates and attestation papers was a time-consuming task. Today, we print filled forms out straight from the Web. It seems a little unbelievable, but in Estonia one can leave his or her drivers’ license at home — identities and driving privileges are checked electronically. Today, physical cards for social security are a thing of the past.
One thing that is important to understand about the X-Road is that it is not a fundamentally new invention. Estonia simply harnessed then existing technologies and applied them in a novel way in the state governance context. The outcome of this novel application of existing technologies was named the X-Road.
By mart keerutaja — http://www.panoramio.com/photo/25078977, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=17183964