What if you mint $? Not the federal reserve. Future?

Samyak Jain
Mar 14, 2019 · 5 min read

Over the years, money has revolutionized from the barter system to gold/silver coins to paper notes to currencies which we use today. Everything looks fine now! A proper government, proper money creation, online transaction. Right? Or is it?!

Every step of money conversion leads to the more efficient, easy to use and less corruptive form of money. So, what are the problems we have in today's money? To answer that question let’s get to — how is the money being made today? We’ll take the example of USD here and how federal reserve creates it?

How Federal Reserve Creates USD?

Till 15 August 1971, USD was backed by gold. So whenever Federal reserve creates USD they’ve to deposit more gold as the collateral. After President Nixon announced USD won’t be backed by anything anymore. This gave Federal Reserve power to mint and burn USD whenever they want according to the economy but where does this money get its value? It’s not backed by anything, confusing, huh? For a detailed understanding of how federal reserve creates and burns USD refer to this article.

How the RBI (Reserve Bank of India) creates INR?

Previously, just like how USD was backed by gold, INR is backed by USD. So Whenever RBI creates INR they’ve to keep the equivalent value of USD as collateral.

ECB can create money to buy assets 😱

Though the process of creating money today is comparatively better than other alternatives but with some new problems. Let’s discuss that.

  • Normal people don’t know the supply of total USD or any currency. Even the Federal Reserve doesn’t know the total supply. They just assume.
INR vs USD graph of the past 10 years as of 11 Mar ’19. src — here

What if you can create the money, not the government? But how and what are the advantages?

Remember Federal Reserve used to keep gold as collateral to create USD. What if you can keep your gold (or any asset) as collateral to create currency? Just like you do at the time of taking the loan. You deposit your asset and get the loan from the bank in the normal currency but this time there’s no bank and you’ll create $ out of thin air. What if I say you can do this at the end of this article?

credits — here

What? When? How? Why? I can see many questions popping in your head. Let’s dive in. Let’s start with the question of “how”.

How will anyone be able to create $ without the involvement of Federal Reserve itself?

Beware: The further content would be bit complex. I’ll try to be as simple as possible but I think creating money should not be simple. Right?! 😜

Heard of blockchain? Nope? Then, Bitcoin? Nope? Then I’ll prefer getting basic knowledge about blockchain by basic google search and by reading this article.

The blockchain is the underlying technology of bitcoin. Bitcoin is a small use case of the blockchain, to be precise it’s “👌” much. Blockchain has many use case just like the internet. We’ll get more into ethereum blockchain. So let’s get back into solving our main problem of “how to create $”.

Do you know you can buy gold on Ethereum Blockchain? Yeah! Real gold, check out — Digix (DGX).

But, in this article, we’ll focus on ETH (Ethereum) as asset/collateral to deposit and to create $(DAI). Now, what’s special on ethereum blockchain. Anyone can create the smart contract, it’s a piece of code which is deployed on the blockchain, so it’s immutable and will do exactly as it says. Imagine a smart contract, which does all the things I mentioned above, from depositing ETH to get the loan in a stable coin which is equivalent to $1 and the loan you’ll get will be newly made coins, they will get minted out of thin air and when you pay the loan it burned out of existence. This will give everyone the power to take a loan by depositing their asset without the need of a bank, creating currencies without the need of government and enabling the whole new era of giving the power of government (centralized organization) to every person globally.

credits — here

I’ve not gone into too many technical details assuming many of the readers are a noob to blockchain but curious people can always check — MakerDAO.

When would we possibly be able to do this (create currency)?

What if I say now? I minted around $715(DAI) by locking 12 ETH as collateral on InstaDApp, myself. Now, I’ve spent all the $715 and I’ve no idea who has my money and now whenever I want my collateral back I just have to pay my debt with the interest that’s all no government, no banks. Anyone with the ETH can create DAI without any permission.

My Loan in DAI (a stable coin which is always $1)

In the near future, you’ll be able to take create DAI via gold (DGX), bitcoin (WBTC) and many other assets.

As of 12 Mar ‘19, the total DAI that has been created is “92,429,142.7301” backed by 2,165,005.44 ETH as collateral at $131.45/ETH and it’s growing exponentially. For real time stats check out — MakerScan.

What are all the platforms where we can create DAI?

As of now, there 3 good platforms to do that:-

This is the first article in the series of how blockchain is changing our day to day life. Creating $ is one of many good uses of blockchain there are a lot of great projects which are already shaping our future. Subscribe our publication and follow us on Twitter for future updates. Till then explore blockchain!!

About InstaDApp

InstaDApp is a Decentralized Bank built on top of the MakerDAO protocol, making it easy for everyone to interact with the blockchain, especially while taking loans. The team always looks forward to simplifying the experience for non-technical and non-financial users.


Trustless Smart Wallet for DeFi.

Medium is an open platform where 170 million readers come to find insightful and dynamic thinking. Here, expert and undiscovered voices alike dive into the heart of any topic and bring new ideas to the surface. Learn more

Follow the writers, publications, and topics that matter to you, and you’ll see them on your homepage and in your inbox. Explore

If you have a story to tell, knowledge to share, or a perspective to offer — welcome home. It’s easy and free to post your thinking on any topic. Write on Medium

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store