IRISnet Token Economics
IRISnet is designed to be the foundation for next generation distributed business applications. It is a self-evolutionary BPoS blockchain, built with Cosmos-SDK, that enables cross-chain interoperability through a unified service model.
IRIShub is the first blockchain in IRISnet. It’s based on Tendermint Bond-Proof-of-Stake（BPoS）Consensus. One of key innovations of IRIShub is iService. IRIShub has been launched on March 1, 2019. Read more here.
Initial Token Distribution
As stated in whitepaper, the initial token distribution of IRISnet are the following:
Private Sale: 25%
Bianjie Developer Team: 15% (4-year vesting period starting from IRIS Hub launch, during which the team will vest 1/48th of its IRIS tokens each month)
Tendermint Developer Team: 10% (2-year vesting period starting from IRIS Hub launch, during which the team will vest 1/24th of its IRIS tokens each month)
IRIS Foundation: 15% (reserved to support the operations of the Foundation)
Ecosystem Development: 30% (swap with zones connecting to IRIS Hub; grant to potential users; awards to outstanding partners; potential public sale)
Cosmos ATOM Holder Airdrop: 5% (The goal for this airdrop is to support the long term successs of both Cosmos and IRIS hubs. One of the design thinking is to have this airdrop to ATOM holders arranged through a special airdrop to a wallet owned by the Cosmos Hub for ATOM holders and stake to IRISnet. This could enhance security for both Hubs also ATOM holders can enjoy the block rewards from another HUB)
Major Stakeholders on IRIShub
The IRIS Foundation
IRIS Foundation is a nonprofit entity, based in Hong Kong, and subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts in that place. The Foundation has the mandate to promote and develop technologies and applications, in particular, ecosystem developments.
Core Development Team
Bianjie is the core development team for IRIS Network, leveraging the team’s experience established from building distributed applications. Bianjie is a Shanghai-based start-up established in 2016. Bianjie also won serveral important national awards including the Excellent Enterprise Award of the 7th China Innovation & Entrepreneurship Competition, etc.
Individuals who want to acquire IRIS can now do so on Huobi Global and Huobi Korea. Holders can use IRIS for spending, bonding, delegating , or simply HOLDing. Even though the value of holding the tokens will slowly be diluted due to inflation.
Staking Providers — Validators
Like other PoS consensus algorithm, the staked token IRIS will be inflated to reward the validators who are securing the network. Since only a small percentage of IRIS community members are eligible validators. The need for ‘staking as a service’ businesses is high since multiple Proof-of-Stake networks are on the horizon. Notable staking providers including Forbole, Certus One, Cryptium Labs, Figment Networks and Lunamint will help educate people around the ecosystem.
IRIS Services are introduced to bridge the gap between the blockchain world and the conventional business application world, mediating the complete lifecycle of off-chain services — from their definition, binding (provider registration), invocation, to their governance (profiling and arbitration). IRIS service lifecycle is the following:
- Definition: Definition of what an off-chain iService can do in terms of an Interface Definition Language (IDL) file.
- Binding: Declaration of the location (address), pricing and QoS of a provider endpoint that implements a given iService definition.
- Invocation: Handling of consumer requests to and provider responses from a given iService provider endpoint.
Key Players in IRISnet
- IRIS Service Providers: Providers are network users who offer the implementation of one or more iService definitions and often act as adaptors of off-chain services and resources located in other public and consortium chains, as well as in enterprise legacy systems. Providers monitor and process incoming requests and send responses back to the network. A provider could at the same time act as a consumer by sending requests to other providers. As planned, providers would be required to charge a fee for any services they might offer, and the service fee, by default, would be priced in the IRIS token.
- IRIS Service Consumers: Consumers are those users who consume iServices by sending requests to designated provider endpoints and receiving responses from providers in question.
- IRIS Service Profilers: Profilers are special consumers who act on behalf of the IRIS Foundation Limited, a Hong Kong incorporated company limited by guarantee that takes the lead in building the IRIS network. Profilers are the sole users authorized to invoke iServices in the profiling mode, which is intended to help create and maintain objective provider profiles that consumers refer to for provider screening.
- IRIS Service Arbitrators : Arbitrators are self-declared users who, working collectively, arbitrate consumer complaints against provider performance. The details about the arbitration mechanism are being actively worked on, please keep an eye on our whitepaper.
As shown in the above chart, one example of IRIS service is a could be medical data services provided by a zone called BEAN. BEAN is a consortium blockchain. Public blockchains, like MediShares.MediShares is a permissionless public blockchain, which provides a mutual aid marketplace for participants.It could use this kind of service to help to reduce potential fraudulent activity since medical expenses can be signed for by the medical service provider directly. The value of medical data will be amplified by the invocation of inter-chain services between public blockchains and consortium blockchains.
IRIS token is the native toke in IRISnet. It is intended that the IRIS network will eventually support all whitelisted fee tokens from the Cosmos network, which can be used to pay the transaction fees and service fees.
- Staking token: IRIS token holders could stake or delegate some IRIS to become a validator candidate
- Fee token: IRIS could be used to pay for network fee and service fee. Users need to pay service fee to invoke a specific service.
- Service Fee: It is required that service providers in the IRIS network charge service fees denominated in the IRIS token.
In addition to native token: IRIS, there are plans to whitelist other crypto tokens(e.g. bitcoin or ether) for paying transaction fees & service fees on the network, once those tokens become available within the Cosmos Ecosystem. Which tokens will be accepted will be decided through governance votes. The rates for whitelisted tokens can be accepted as payment for fees with validators deciding upon how they value each of these tokens.
Tools and Clients for Interacting with IRISnet
Outside of protocol and wallet development, there are teams that provide services that are essential for every user or stakeholder in the IRISnet ecosystem.
Block explorers are free services that work as a data source. They are connected directly to full nodes and are used by users for checking if a transaction has been included in the blockchain, to check on the status of network, to check on what validators are active and voting power, or even current on-chain governance about the network: the status of proposals, etc.
Risks & Benefits for IRIS Validators & delegators
Please check Profit and Loss Analysis for Delegators on the official website first.
Each validator receives revenue in proportion to its total stake. However, before this revenue is distributed to its delegators, the validator can apply a commission for providing staking services.
We consider a validator whose stake (i.e. self-bonded stake + delegated stake) is 10% of the total stake of all validators. This validator has 20% self-bonded stake and applies a commission of 10% and the community tax is 2%. Now let us consider a block with the following revenue:
- 50 IRIS in block provisions
- 5 IRIS in transaction fees.
This amounts to a total of 55 IRIS to be distributed among all staking pools.
- Community Tax =
2% * 55IRIS=1.1 IRIS
- Commission =(
1.1 IRIS)* 80%*10%=
- Validator’s revenue = (
1.1 IRIS)* 20%+Commission=
- Delegators’ total revenue = (
1.1 IRIS)* 80%-Commission=