ES6: Template Literals

Marina Shafiq
Mar 19 · 2 min read
ES6 : Template Literals

A new and fast way to deal with strings is Template Literals , which we will discover in this Article - Let’s start!

How we were dealing with strings before ?

Before we used to see strings between single ‘ ’ or double “ ” quotes , as shown below :

var name = "Marina" ;
var hello = "Hello "+ name ;
console.log(hello); //Hello Marina

till now it’s good , but problem appears when you try to create a multi line template and trying to concatenate variables and expressions , and then add a quote inside string so you need to alternate between single and double quotes .. what a hustle just to generate a string !

ES6 came with a great Solution to save you , Welcome Template Literals .

What is Template literals ?

As we mentioned before , it’s a way to deal with strings and specially dynamic strings ; so you don’t need to think more about what’s the next quote to use “ single or double “ !!

How to use Template literals ?

It uses a `backticks` to write string within it , so you can write single and double quotes as much as you need without thinking to alternate between them , they will show as you write them .

var template = `Hello from "template literals" article , check previous one 'arrow functions'.` ;
console.log(template) // Hello from "template literals" article , check previous one 'arrow functions'.

Also it solved multi line templates so no need to use \n or \t with `backticks`

Thanks to Vojtech Ruzicka’s Programming Blog for GIF

And finally for variables and expressions you want to concatenate to your string instead of using + to concatenate , you will use ${variable or expression} to define a variable or expression within curly braces , for example :

Variables :

let name = "Marina" ;
let hello = ` Hello ${name} .`
console.log(hello); // Hello Marina .

Expressions :

let isWorld = true ;
let welcome = ` Hello ${ isWorld ? "World" : "me" } ! ` ;
console.log(welcome); // Hello World !


  • Template literals is a way to deal with strings .
  • Template literals uses `backticks` to write a string within .
  • Better to use with templates has multi line , concatenation of variables and expressions .

this is all what you need to know about Template literals , I hope you enjoyed and learned .

Reading is good but reading with implementation is great !

Happy learning ..

Marina Shafiq

Written by

Front End Developer ..

JavaScript in Plain English

Learn the web's most important programming language.

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