Top 5 Programming Languages to learn in 2021

Which Programming Language to Choose?

Ashutosh Kumar
Jan 6 · 4 min read
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Photo by Jake Young on Unsplash

If you are new to programming and don’t know where to start this article is just for you. Today there are more than a hundred programming languages ( Google says more than 700 ), So many options to choose from.

Choosing the first language is important as that builds your foundation and understanding of the Coding World. To be honest, it doesn’t matter which programming language you choose, you need to master it and improve your problem solving and development skills, and then it becomes straightforward to switch from one language to another.

In this article, I would be providing you with 5 programming languages that are in demand in the software industry and are high-paying skills and their advantages, disadvantages, and the domains they are used in. But before that, it is important to understand what types of Programming languages are there.

Types of Programming Languages:

  1. Procedural Programming Language: Execute a sequence of statements or procedures from top to bottom.
  2. Functional Programming Language: Functions are used to store data and repeat tasks and return the output.
  3. Object-oriented Programming Language: Most used language, as it is close to the real-world model where each entity is an object and implements reusability and redundancy through concepts like Inheritance.
  4. Scripting Programming Language: These are not full-fledged language and consists of small elements of programming to support an application.
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Photo by David Rangel on Unsplash

So let us see what are those top 5 programming languages which you should learn in 2021. You can check the stats here.

1. Python

Python can be used for web and desktop applications, GUI-based desktop applications, machine learning, data science, and network servers. It is the most popular language in the Data Science Domain.

It has high community support and comes with a variety of open-source frameworks and libraries. e.g: Django, Flask, Keras, Tensorflow. The only disadvantage of python is its speed as compared to other languages like Java or C++.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript with Frameworks like React, Node, Angular, Vue, and Electron has become a powerful language that can be used to code for web, mobile, and desktop applications. It provides you with Full Stack Skills.

JavaScript is also a difficult language to understand as it is different from languages like Python and Java as it is a single-threaded language with asynchronous code.

3. Java

It is mostly used in the backend development with J2EE and frameworks like Spring etc. Apart from the Web, it is also used in Android Development and Desktop Apps.

It has big community support and has been in this industry for a long time. The only drawback I would say is it is not easy to learn and it's not growing as fast as Python or JavaScript.

4. C#

It is Object-Oriented and typeSafe and it is most popular for developing Gaming applications with Unity.

5. Go

Go was created especially for systems and infrastructure programmers. It is mostly used in the backend and with cloud and DevOps.

I hope you have got an idea of the advantages and disadvantages of different programming languages. Choosing a programming language totally depends upon you and your usages like backend development or frontend and mobile apps etc.

JavaScript In Plain English

New JavaScript + Web Development articles every day.

Ashutosh Kumar

Written by

Self-taught Developer | Tech & Self Help Blogger | Exploring Life and Tech | Aim to Help Upcoming Software Developers in their Journey

JavaScript In Plain English

New JavaScript + Web Development articles every day.

Ashutosh Kumar

Written by

Self-taught Developer | Tech & Self Help Blogger | Exploring Life and Tech | Aim to Help Upcoming Software Developers in their Journey

JavaScript In Plain English

New JavaScript + Web Development articles every day.

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