Top 5 Programming Languages to learn in 2021
If you are new to programming and don’t know where to start this article is just for you. Today there are more than a hundred programming languages ( Google says more than 700 ), So many options to choose from.
Choosing the first language is important as that builds your foundation and understanding of the Coding World. To be honest, it doesn’t matter which programming language you choose, you need to master it and improve your problem solving and development skills, and then it becomes straightforward to switch from one language to another.
In this article, I would be providing you with 5 programming languages that are in demand in the software industry and are high-paying skills and their advantages, disadvantages, and the domains they are used in. But before that, it is important to understand what types of Programming languages are there.
Types of Programming Languages:
There are four main types of Programming Languages:
- Procedural Programming Language: Execute a sequence of statements or procedures from top to bottom.
- Functional Programming Language: Functions are used to store data and repeat tasks and return the output.
- Object-oriented Programming Language: Most used language, as it is close to the real-world model where each entity is an object and implements reusability and redundancy through concepts like Inheritance.
- Scripting Programming Language: These are not full-fledged language and consists of small elements of programming to support an application.
So let us see what are those top 5 programming languages which you should learn in 2021. You can check the stats here.
Python is a fast-growing and popular programming language. If you are a beginner at Programming I would highly recommend you to learn Python as it is easy to learn and makes a developer's life easy.
Python can be used for web and desktop applications, GUI-based desktop applications, machine learning, data science, and network servers. It is the most popular language in the Data Science Domain.
It has high community support and comes with a variety of open-source frameworks and libraries. e.g: Django, Flask, Keras, Tensorflow. The only disadvantage of python is its speed as compared to other languages like Java or C++.
Java is one of the most used programming languages in the industry for the sole reason that it is fast, robust, compatible and the best object Oriented Programming language.
It is mostly used in the backend development with J2EE and frameworks like Spring etc. Apart from the Web, it is also used in Android Development and Desktop Apps.
C-Sharp is a modern programming language developed by Microsoft that runs on the .NET Framework. It is used to develop mobile, web, and desktop apps and is mostly used because of its scalability in large scale distributed systems.
It is Object-Oriented and typeSafe and it is most popular for developing Gaming applications with Unity.
Go developed at Google, is another modern programming language that is widely growing in popularity. It is a new programming language and has limited usage.
Go was created especially for systems and infrastructure programmers. It is mostly used in the backend and with cloud and DevOps.
I hope you have got an idea of the advantages and disadvantages of different programming languages. Choosing a programming language totally depends upon you and your usages like backend development or frontend and mobile apps etc.
Thank You for reading till the end and I hope this article would help you with your preparations.