Beyond Good and Evil
What is done out of love always occurs beyond good and evil — Friedrich Nietzsche
God is dead, amor fati, radicalism, nihilist and will to power seems familiar in our ear when we heard about Friedrich Nietzsche. This guy is a savage. He has a radical thought about the world that we living. He doesn’t give a s*it about religion and God in any particular, he hated democracy and all ideology, also he hated traditional ethics (slaves moral). What I wanted to write in this copy is the main point of one of Nietzsche’s masterpiece, a book that he was written called beyond good and evil.
This book finished in 1886. The big themes in this book are knowledge, truth, morality and religion where Nietzsche saw these things are considered to have resulted in the wrong tendency in the development of human civilization. He said, these things lead man to a culture of social order and even devastating psychological consequences. But at the same time, he also shares his constructive view with the aim that readers could view the world and life with a new perspective. He spoke of perspectivism, the will to power, human mobility, to life freed from restrictive traditions. There are different views on this book. Some well-known thinkers view this book as the absurd one, while the others consider this writing to be one of Nietzsche’s finest works.
For particular, there are at least three things that can affect our view of this work. First, our interpretation of Nietzsche’s intentions when writing them. Second, our view and openness to Nietzsche as a person and to the context of the times when he lived. The third is our own frame of mind that we use to see the reality of this age. The book consists of an introductory chapter and 9 sections for a total of 178 pages. Nietzsche began this with a very interesting expression. He said, “It looks like the truth is like a woman. For philosophers, however dogmatism they are, have never really understood women. The approaches they make to understanding the truth are never absolutely right in describing women. For the dogma and thoughts of philosophy, although they seem noble and well-established, are actually only childish expressions of pleasantries when confronted with women.” For the thought of his time, this thought was revolutionary. From the opening of this work, we can already feel that this book contains a lot of criticism of the thoughts of many philosophers.
The first part is titled on the prejudices of philosophers. Nietzsche expressed his all-out criticism of philosophers. He argued, everything that has the highest value always contains aspects that contradict with itself. For example, truth can be found from errors. Wisdom from ignorance. Good from evil. The desire to seek the truth from the desire to deceive. For him, philosophers often seek absolute truth with an “absolute” approach. In this regard, Nietzsche sided with the metaphysical thinkers who underlie their belief in the opposite of values. Where every noble value has something in itself that is the opposite of itself.
Nietzsche preferred to call himself a metaphysical thinker than a philosopher. Although theories of deconstruction and absurdity only emerged a few time later, Nietzsche has inspired these views for a long time through his works. Also, Nietzsche referred to philosophers by the name used by Epicurus against stoic scientists and adherents of Plato in Ancient Greece, namely dionisiokolakes which literally means sycophant Dioneses. In his day, dionisiokolaks was a popular term to refer to actors who played in the stage of tragedy for the worship of Dionosus. In that name, Nietzsche wanted to express his criticism of philosophers rather than straighten out the cracks of their thinking. Rather, in the lack of honesty and self-creativity contained in those thoughts.
Nietzsche had more respect for mystics who wrote their inspiration and spiritual experiences into unstructured works and had many loopholes to criticize. At least, in their simplicity and dislike, they are more authentic. No wonder Nietzsche received so much criticism from his contemporary philosophers. He much more began to realize the great philosophers who once existed, is a recognition of the beliefs of the author himself. Unlike the general definition of philosophy, that the father of all philosophical thought is curiosity / thirst for knowledge. For Nietzsche, that thirst was only a means of fulfilling another thirst. It is precisely those who see the deepest desires in themselves and others, and live their life experiences who at some point doing philosophy.
In the second part, Nietzsche begins to speak truth and reality in his perspective. The only reality given as nature in this world is desire, so that those who understand reality are those who understand the desire / drive that exists within itself. Nietzsche did not judge desire as good or bad. It is the most honest and deepest that man may have. Desire to be considered good / bad depends on the culture or understanding that people live and is contented through religion, social order as well as science and morality.
Those who are free-spirited are those who are able to see things that go beyond them. So that when they are approached by the truth, they can recognize it. Nietzsche covered the middle of his writing with pearls and closed it with poetry. The poem, though expressed in a bright and feisty style, became a picture of his disquiet at the decline that took place in that era. Through this work, Nietzsche gave a warm welcome to new philosophers who not only philosophize by supporting the tyranny of morality. Instead, dive deeper into questioning and seeking the truth. He warmly welcomed artists, curators and poets who not only dwelled on theories and discourses about truth, but who poured the chaos generated by their search for truth into the languages that had succeeded in gathering strength and freedom. He encouraged philosophers to philosophize with more involving genuinity and honesty, so that in later life this thought also influenced the birth of the phenomenological branch in the world of philosophy.
Through this book, we can learn that there is always a truth that lies beyond good and evil. To be able to find it, we need to look beyond it with honest eyes and mind, as well as with the realization that we are the subject who involved in it.