Justin K Prim
Published in

Justin K Prim

Fashioning Fire From Pebbles

The History of Gemcutting in the Czech Republic

19th Century Bracelet featuring Bohemian Garnets. Photo by Justin K Prim

Emperor Rudolf II

Anselmus Boëtius de Boodt

Anselmus Boëtius de Boodt
from Gemmarum et Lapidum Historia, 1609 (Restored and Animated by Justin K Prim)
from Kreuterbuch, Adam Lonicer, 1557 (Digitally Restored and Colored by Justin K Prim)

Ottavio Miseroni

Dionysio Miseroni, Son of Ottavio

The Imperial Mill

The Imperial Mill in 1857 When The Water Still Flowed “Císařský mlýn v Bubenči” by Ferdinand Lepié, Museum of the City of Prague
Imperial Mill: 1820–2018. Arched Grotto with Rudolf’s Sigil Stands in the Middle. Center Photo by Justin K Prim
Map of the Cutting Factories of Rudolf II. Map Courtesy of Google Earth by Justin K Prim

Turnov

Lapidary Mural in Turnov Town Center. Photo by Justin K Prim

Life After Rudolf

Portrait of the Gem-Cutter Dionysio Miseroni and his Family by Karel Škréta (1653) with So-Called Pyramid (1653), Held by Ferdinand in the Painting
Emerald Vessel cut by Dionysio Miseroni in 1641. Photo courtesy of the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

1700s

The Cup of Archbishop Franz Khünberg by Johann de Ambosy (1716) with Czech Garnets around Biblical Imagery. Photo Courtesy of Treasury of St. Vitus Cathedral
The Cutting Centers of the Bohemian Kingdom. Map Courtesy of Google Earth by Justin K Prim

Kolín

Reliquary Pendant featuring 40 Czech Garnets with Large Table cuts, 5–7mm (1730s). Photo Courtesy of Treasury of St. Vitus Cathedral

Handpiece Evolution

Left to Right; Top: Earliest Style 1600s, 1700s, 1800s; Early 1900s, Mid 1900s, Modern
20th Century Foot Powered Czech Faceting Machine. Photo by Justin K Prim
Diagram of a Round Brilliant with Tier Numbers.
An Example of a Modern Cutter Holding the Quadrant Handpiece and Changing Gears. Photos by Justin K Prim

1800s

Brooch with Czech Garnets from around 1880. Photo Courtesy of Radek Hanus
Husband and Wife Faceting Teams. Photos Courtesy of Museum of Bohemian Paradise

Introducing Bohemian Techniques to Germany

Bohemian Cutting Table Circa 1887; German Lapidary using a Quadrant Handpiece; 19th Century German Cutting Machine

Cutting Style

Rose Cut Garnets in a Gold Brooch Pin Circa 1870. Photo Courtesy of eBay
Brooch with Czech Garnets from around 1890. Photo Courtesy of Radek Hanus

Supš a Voš Turnov — Secondary School of Applied Arts

Secondary School of Applied Arts, Old and New. Photos by Justin K Prim. Black and White Image Courtesy of Supš a Voš Turnov

1900s

Czech Cutters in the Early 20th Century. A German-Style Sandstone Cutting Wheel Can be Seen in Use on the Right. Photo Courtesy of Museum of Bohemian Paradise
Early 20th Century Czech Gemcutters. Photo Courtesy of Museum of Bohemian Paradise
20th Century Garnet Jewelry. Photo Courtesy of the Granát Archive
Czech Gem Cutters at the Beginning of the 20th Century. Photos Courtesy of Czech Garnet Museum

2000s

21st Century Czech Cutting Table. Photo by Justin K Prim
21st Century Garnet Jewelry. Photo Courtesy of Granát Turnov

Conclusion

Pendant with Czech Garnets and Pearls. Photo Courtesy of the Granát Archive

Acknowledgements

Resources

About the Author

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The collected written works of Justin K Prim : Travel Adventurer / Gemologist / Musician / Author of The Secret Teachings of Gemcutting

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Justin K Prim

Gentleman Lapidary / Faceting Historian / Author of The Secret Teachings of Gemcutting / www.justinkprim.com