English if-clauses: lesson 2

If clauses are a wonderful thing in any language. In English, we have three main types of if clause, let’s look at the second type.

Kieran Ball
Jun 2, 2019 · 4 min read

I’ve written a selection of sentences for each if clause, so that a learner of English can read them and start to get to grips with them. In this lesson, we’ll be looking at the second type of “if-clause”.

Type 2: If + simple past + conditional

Here are some sample sentences that use the second type of “if-clause” in English:

  1. If I had the time, I would go to the supermarket later.
  2. If I had the time, I would call you tomorrow.
  3. If I had enough time, I would do it for you.
  4. If I found one, I’d get it.
  5. If I didn’t find a phone, I would send you an email.
  6. If you found Maria, would you tell her where I was?
  7. If you saw Peter, would you call me?
  8. If I reached Paul, I’d tell him where you were.
  9. If you wanted me to leave, I’d go.
  10. If you told me what you wanted, I’d cook it for you.
  11. If we left now, we’d get there on time.
  12. If you took me for lunch, I’d help you with your work.
  13. If you ordered now, we would send it to you tomorrow.
  14. If you told me what you wanted, I would help you to get it.
  15. If they left early, they would catch the train.
  16. If he went with you, you’d have some company.
  17. If she wanted to go, she would go.
  18. If you took my hand, I’d show you the way.
  19. If we went together, we’d find it more easily.
  20. If we went together, I’d drive for half of the journey.
  21. If you liked this song, you would love the album.
  22. If you went now, I would follow you.
  23. If you called me today, I would call you tomorrow.
  24. If we helped them, they would appreciate it.
  25. If you had any suggestions, would you let me know?
  26. If you didn’t go now, you’d be late.
  27. If it rained, you’d get wet.
  28. If it rained, you’d need an umbrella.
  29. If you ran out of money, you wouldn’t be able to buy anything.
  30. If I were here tomorrow, I’d show you.

Type 2: switching around the two parts

You don’t have to start the sentence with the “if clause” part; you could switch the two parts around. Look at the sentences below:

  1. I would go to the supermarket later if I had the time.
  2. I would call you tomorrow if I had the time.
  3. I would do it for you if I had enough time.
  4. I’d get it if I found one.
  5. I would send you an email if I didn’t find a phone.
  6. Would you tell her where I was if you found Maria?
  7. Would you call me if you saw Peter?
  8. I’d tell him where you were if I reached Paul.
  9. I’d go if you wanted me to leave.
  10. I’d cook it for you if you told me what you wanted.
  11. We’d get there on time if we left now.
  12. I’d help you with your work if you took me for lunch.
  13. We would send it to you tomorrow if you ordered now.
  14. I would help you to get it if you told me what you wanted.
  15. They would catch the train if they left early.
  16. You’d have some company if he went with you.
  17. She would go if she wanted to go.
  18. I’d show you the way if you took my hand.
  19. We’d find it more easily if we went together.
  20. I’d drive for half of the journey if we went together.
  21. You would love the album if you liked this song.
  22. I would follow you if you went now.
  23. I would call you tomorrow if you called me today.
  24. They would appreciate it if we helped them.
  25. Would you let me know if you had any suggestions?
  26. You’d be late if you didn’t go now.
  27. You’d get wet if it rained.
  28. You’d need an umbrella if it rained.
  29. You wouldn’t be able to buy anything if you ran out of money.
  30. I’d show you if I were here tomorrow.

Other types of if-clause

So that’s the second type of “if-clause”; you just use “If + simple past+ conditional”. If you want to read some example sentences using the first type of “if-clause”, then read my last blog post here:

Or, if you want to read sentences for the third type of if-clause, then just click here:

Alternatively, you can read about all three types of if-clause in English and get plenty more example sentences by getting my book, “Learn English with sentences: If clauses” for just 99p on Amazon:

Happy learning :-)

Photo by Debby Hudson on Unsplash

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Kieran Ball

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