English if-clauses: lesson 3

If clauses are a wonderful thing in any language. In English, we have three main types of if clause, let’s look at the third type.

Kieran Ball
Jun 2, 2019 · 4 min read

I’ve written a selection of sentences for each if clause, so that a learner of English can read them and start to get to grips with them. In this lesson, we’ll be looking at the third type of “if-clause”.

Type 3: If + pluperfect + conditional perfect

Here are some sample sentences that use the third type of “if-clause” in English:

  1. If I’d had the time, I would’ve gone to the supermarket earlier.
  2. If I’d had the time, I would’ve called you yesterday.
  3. If I’d had enough time, I would’ve done it for you.
  4. If I had found one, I’d have got it.
  5. If I hadn’t found a phone, I would’ve sent you an email.
  6. If you had found Maria, would you have told her where I was?
  7. If you had seen Peter, would you have called me?
  8. If I had reached Paul, I would’ve told him where you were.
  9. If you’d wanted me to leave, I would have gone.
  10. If you had told me what you wanted, I’d have cooked it for you.
  11. If we’d left now, we’d have got there on time.
  12. If you’d taken me for lunch, I would have helped you with your work.
  13. If you had ordered now, we would have sent it to you tomorrow.
  14. If you had told me what you wanted, I would have helped you to get it.
  15. If they had left early, they would have caught the train.
  16. If he had gone with you, you would have had some company.
  17. If she had wanted to go, she would have gone.
  18. If you had taken my hand, I’d have shown you the way.
  19. If we had gone together, we would have found it more easily.
  20. If we had gone together, I would have driven for half of the journey.
  21. If you had liked this song, you would have loved the album.
  22. If you had gone now, I would have followed you.
  23. If you’d called me today, I would’ve call you tomorrow.
  24. If we had helped them, they would have appreciated it.
  25. If you had had any suggestions, would you have let me know?
  26. If you hadn’t gone now, you would have been late.
  27. If it had rained, you would have got wet.
  28. If it had rained, you would have needed an umbrella.
  29. If you’d run out of money, you wouldn’t have been able to buy anything.
  30. If I had been here today, I would have shown you.

Type 3: switching around the two parts

You don’t have to start the sentence with the “if clause” part; you could switch the two parts around. Look at the sentences below:

  1. I would’ve gone to the supermarket earlier if I’d had the time.
  2. I would’ve called you yesterday if I’d had the time.
  3. I would’ve done it for you if I’d had enough time.
  4. I’d have got it if I had found one.
  5. I would’ve sent you an email if I hadn’t found a phone.
  6. Would you have told her where I was if you had found Maria?
  7. Would you have called me if you had seen Peter?
  8. I would’ve told him where you were if I had reached Paul.
  9. I would have gone if you’d wanted me to leave.
  10. I’d have cooked it for you if you had told me what you wanted.
  11. We’d have got there on time if we’d left now.
  12. I would have helped you with your work if you’d taken me for lunch.
  13. We would have sent it to you tomorrow if you had ordered now.
  14. I would have helped you to get it if you had told me what you wanted.
  15. They would have caught the train if they had left early.
  16. You would have had some company if he had gone with you.
  17. She would have gone if she had wanted to go.
  18. I’d have shown you the way if you had taken my hand.
  19. We would have found it more easily if we had gone together.
  20. I would have driven for half of the journey if we had gone together.
  21. You would have loved the album if you had liked this song.
  22. I would have followed you if you had gone now.
  23. I would’ve call you tomorrow if you’d called me today.
  24. They would have appreciated it if we had helped them.
  25. Would you have let me know if you had had any suggestions?
  26. You would have been late if you hadn’t gone now.
  27. You would have got wet if it had rained.
  28. You would have needed an umbrella if it had rained.
  29. You wouldn’t have been able to buy anything if you’d run out of money.
  30. I would have shown you if I had been here today.

Other types of if-clause

So that’s the third type of “if-clause”; you just use “If + pluperfect + conditional perfect”. If you want to read some example sentences using the first type of “if-clause”, then read my last blog post here:

Or, if you want to read sentences for the second type of if-clause, then just click here:

Alternatively, you can read about all three types of if-clause in English and get plenty more example sentences by getting my book, “Learn English with sentences: If clauses” for just 99p on Amazon:

Happy learning :-)

Photo by JESHOOTS.COM on Unsplash

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Kieran Ball

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