14 Bizarre Foods People Ate During the Great Depression

Bon Appetit

Bhavna Narula
May 9 · 11 min read
Photo by Boston Public Library on Unsplash

In 1929, a massive stock market crash ushered in a nearly decade-long worldwide economic depression that would prove to be the most prolonged and widespread in recent history.

The rise of refrigeration, changes in the food supply chain, and the increased need for inexpensive meals led to a drastic change in the American diet. Getting food on the table was tough. And sometimes, using what was available led to rather some strange recipes.

Let us take a look at some weird foods people ate to get through the period of the Great Depression. But before that, let's get your bowl for a nice depression-era stew.

1. Prune pudding


The first lady, Eleanor Roosevelt wasn't going to let the Depression bring her fellow Americans down. As an early supporter of the home economics movement, she planned inexpensive and nutritious meals from Cornell’s Home Economics Department.

Although FDR was a bit of a gourmand, both the first lady and the president practiced leaner eating habits during the Great Depression.

According to their book, A Square Meal — A Culinary History of the Great Depression, food historian Jane Ziegelman and Andrew Coe noted the Roosevelts ate this way to send a message to Americans about how to eat during troubling times.

Instead of foie gras or an amuse-bouche, President Franklin D. Roosevelt (D-New York) ate simple meals in the White House, at least when guests or the press were around.

Denture-friendly fare, like deviled-eggs, and tomato sauce, with mashed potatoes or bean in tomato stew, were typical White House fare. Sounds like something you would find at the frozen dinner aisle.

Flavor and spices need not apply.

Dessert came in the form of prune whip, a delightful dish based around everyone's favorite dried fruit, the prune. Prunes and other dried fruits were common substitutes for fresh fruit during the Depression.

So prune pudding was sort of an easy substitute for freshly baked pies or other desserts. It’s easy to make too.

All you need is some sugar, egg whites, and a bunch of prunes. Whip it all together, and you will have a real, um, regular dessert in no time.

2. Peanut butter stuffed onions


Everyone loves peanut butter and everyone loves onions, right. Both items were readily available during the Depression.

And someone decided to mix the two.

This resulted in a most surreal concoction from the Great Depression cookbook, peanut butter stuffed baked onion, OK.

Promoted by the Bureau of Home Economics, the recipe for peanut butter and stuffed onions saw publication in several newspapers and magazines of the period.

The bureau’s professional home economics actively encouraged American homemakers to serve the inexpensive glop to their families.

Food historians Andrew Coe and Jane Ziegelman decided to try making the dish themselves more recently.

Coe said it was not a popular addition to the dinner table.

Ziegelman put it more succinctly, noting that peanut butter has nothing to say to a baked onion.

The Bureau of Home Economics really took the phrase, ‘There was no accounting for taste literally’ when they came up with that one.

3. Ritz mock apple pie


Ritz crackers, they’re no townhouse crackers. But they are great for a light snack or handy to use in a dip. Um, yummy.

But they have an unlikely alternate use, a substitute for apple pie filling.

Ritz mock apple pie is pretty much what it sounds like, a pie made with Ritz crackers, as its filling.

The traditional ingredients of an apple pie combined with lemon juice and the unique texture of Ritz crackers created a taste intended to simulate a real apple pie.

Considered a Depression-era favorite today, this pastry imposter has its roots in the 1880s, when apple shortages called for pie-filling substitutes.

Soda crackers were a cheap alternative to America’s favorite fruit.

And mock apple pies were popular during tough times. At some point, Nabisco began putting the recipe on the back of the Ritz Cracker boxes, where it would remain until the 1980s.

After 1500 requests for the recipe in a single year, the company resorted to adding the recipe to its packaging in 1991. It remains one of Ritz’s most requested recipes today.

If an apple-free apple pie sounds tasty, you could try making one yourself.

Just substitute 36 slightly crushed Ritz crackers for the apples in your favorite recipe. And you’ll be baking a mock pie just in time for dessert.

4. Eleanor Roosevelt’s spaghetti dish


Eleanor Roosevelt did her best to promote home economics throughout the Depression. That didn't mean she didn't send out some genuinely bizarre dishes during that time.

Take the case of an off-putting casserole made from spaghetti, boiled carrots, and white sauce. Unlike traditional pasta-cooking methods, this recipe required cooking the spaghetti for a full 25 minutes.

Once the pasta turned into a sad noodle mush, you were supposed to mix it with similarly boiled-to-death carrots. A bland white sauce made from milk, flour, salt, and butter topped off this off-white al dente dish.

Roosevelt called it a vehicle for nutrition and nutrients.

But you’d probably prefer to eat an old flapper hat instead.

5. Vinegar cobbler


Vinegar-based desserts were popular in the 19th century but made a comeback during the Depression. Known more commonly as separation pies, these treats mix staple ingredients like eggs, butter, and sugar with some kind of substitution.

In this case, apple cider vinegar takes the place of fresh apples. It’s the fantastic acidic flavor of an apple cobbler without any pesky fruit. Cooks can whip the eggs and sugar into a delicious meringue to top the dessert off in style.

Apparently, it tastes like salt and vinegar custard. And it leaves the roof of your mouth tingling.

Um, a free advice.

If you find yourself with a hankering vinegar cobbler, don’t despair.

In 2015, award-winning Chef Chris Shepherd began serving the dish in his Houston restaurants, helping vinegar cobbler make a comeback in recent years.

6. Mulligan stew


In a recipe straight from the ‘’Haywire Mac’’ songbook, Mulligan stew was basically hobo food, not to be confused with NBC’s short-lived comedy show of the same name.

Mulligan stew was a community food put together by whatever they could scavenge and put together.

In his book, Riding the Rails — Teenagers on the Move During the Great Depression, Errol Lincoln Uys describes the dish as a mix of just about everything.

People predominantly cooked Mulligan stew with stolen onions, corn, potatoes, foraged greens, and occasional meat bits. Enterprising hobo chefs might add a handful of navy beans or whatever else may add some flavor to the dish.

But the real secret ingredient was just a bit of Bull Durham tobacco and everyone’s favorite flavor enhancer — lint.

Um. That’s a meal I may not ask for seconds on.

7. Milkorno


Dining at the White House during the Great Depression wasn't exactly fancy. Take the case of Milkorno.

On one presumably dark and stormy night in 1933, several mad scientists at Cornell University invented a gruel known as Milkorno.

Scientists intended for this blend of powdered skim milk, cornmeal, and salt to help families stretch food budgets.

Milkorno came with this somewhat dubious promise of enabling meals for a family of five for $5 a week. And of course, Eleanor Roosevelt served it at the White House.

But Milkorno wasn't the only milk, cornmeal, and salt-based food supplement.

There was also Milkwheato and Milkoato, both of which were purchased in bulk by the government. The government even bought 25 million pounds of dystopian dust to use in various hunger relief efforts.

And although all of them turn into the porridge after boiling, the Bureau of Home Economics inexplicably suggested that Milkorno corner made a good substitute for the noodles in chop suey.

Well, at least there is much toxicity in such things.

8. Kraft Macaroni and Cheese


Despite some of the strange things people had to eat during the Depression, one modern culinary staple arose in the midst of it all, the one and the only Kraft Macaroni and Cheese dinner.

According to the Smithsonian, Thomas Jefferson famously served macaroni and cheese at an 1802 state dinner after falling in love with the dish while visiting France.

It wasn't an entirely new concept at the time. But the idea of boxing it and selling it as an inexpensive meal was.

In 1937, a rogue salesman for the St. Lewis-based Tenderoni Maceroni Company began selling his noodles with packets of Kraft grated cheese attached.

Kraft soon hired the enterprising salesman to promote the meal to cash-strapped Americans. The dinner caught on in a big way, selling for 19 cents per four servings.

Its speed was the selling point, with one early print ad featuring a happy, bewildered husband asking his wife, how the deduce did you make this keen macaroni and cheese so fast?

Why? we just got home.

Kraft Dinner, as it’s known in the Great White North, went on to become a staple of modern college cuisine and has a special place in our hearts today.

9. Loaves


Food historians typically agree that loaves were quite popular during the Great Depression. Food loaves were made from a central ingredient and cheaper ingredients that would stretch the entire thing out.

A Depression-era menu might contain such delicacies as a liver loaf, lima bean, and peanut loaf.

Authentic meatloaf was a luxury, but still relatively affordable by padding it with other ingredients like crackers or bread.

And much like today, ketchup and canned soup delivered more flavor at a small additional cost.

Food historian Ziegelman and Coe baked some soy in lima bean loaf.

Maintaining it tastes a bit like falafel, but should be served with lots of highly-seasoned gravy.

10. Dandelion salad


Some historians believe the federal government made a mistake by overlooking immigrant’s contribution and creativity to hunger relief efforts during the Great Depression.

Italian immigrants were sometimes were known for making delicious, highly nutritious, and inexpensive foods for their families. Yet the government chose to overlook their methods as a source of hunger relief inspiration.

One delicious and vitamin-packed ingredient foraged by Italian immigrant women in New York City came in the form of dandelion greens.

Straight from the front yard to the dinner table, dandelion greens were added to salads, sauteed, or cooked with olive oil to create an essentially free meal.

11. Gelatin


If you needed a cheap source of protein during the 1930s, gelatin was likely your main ingredient. Many Depression-era cookbooks featured gelatin as a base for such cutting-edge recipes as corned beef luncheon salad and other congealed salads.

Um, bright, crisp veggies in cool, shimmering Jell-O. There’s a salad for you.

Congealed Salads may sound like the name of a band from the 90s. But they were authentic dishes people eat during tough times. Corned beef luncheon salad was particularly repulsive, with its unholy mix of canned corn beef, gelatin, canned peas, vinegar, and lemon juice.

A few reports from individuals courageous enough to try today describe it as wrong in every way possible, just from the color, to the smell, the texture, the flavor, the mouth feel.

They may look, smell, and probably taste like canned cat food. But one simply cannot den gelatin’s versatility in cooking.

Have you made a Jell-O salad lately? Well, do this week. hey, there’s always room for a Jell-O salad.

12. Milk


Got milk? The people struggling to survive through the Great Depression certainly did. Milk also piqued nutritionists’ interest, who placed tremendous importance on it as a kind of superfood.

Cow’s milk was a bit of a wonder food at the time. Packed with vitamins, fats, sugar, and proteins, it served nutritional needs and practical purposes during the period.

Milk was also used in tons of recipes from the time, from flavorless white sauces, and corn starch pudding, to fortified foods such as Milkorno.

Of course, the sheer amount of milk given to school-age kids was quite impressive. As the government advised, nearly a quart a day.

School lunches almost always featured a nice glass of milk to go along with the day’s meal.

13. Creamed chipped beef on toast


Chipped or drizzled beef has been a breakfast choice in some parts of the United States since the 19th century, eventually finding its way into a 1910 military cookbook called Manual for Military Cooks.

Since then, the cream chipped beef on toast has been an Army staple with a colorful name, ‘’Sh*t on a Shingle’’, or SOS.

The old frontier favorite enjoyed a resurgence during the Depression.

Pre-culinary historians, Ziegelman and Coe, this era’s version was a combination of canned corn beef, plain gelatin, canned peas, vinegar, and lemon juice, and wrong in every way possible.

That doesn't mean some folks aren't nostalgic for SOS today. SOS was often served during the Second World War. And even the TV show Mash used it as a recurring joke. You forgot your shingle, doctor! HA-HA.

14. Hot dogs


Nothing says America quite like hot dogs. Everyone’s favorite meat product was a surprisingly versatile ingredient during times of scarcity.

Although many Depression-era recipes that incorporate hot dogs had bleak names, like Poor Man’s Stew or Hoover Stew, they made for surprisingly good recipes, sliced hot dog rounds, with cooked macaroni, cans of stewed tomatoes, and canned corn or peas from time to time.

Modern cooks are hard at work reclaiming Hoover Stew these days, occasionally substituting fancier ingredients for yesteryear’s canned vegetables.

Bon appetite.

Thank you for reading. :)

Lessons from History

Lessons from History is a platform for writers who share…

Bhavna Narula

Written by

Every thing I write turns into sarcasm, but feel free to Email me at bhavna88.bn@gmail.com.🐣

Lessons from History

Lessons from History is a platform for writers who share ideas and inspirational stories from world history. The objective is to promote history on Medium and demonstrate the value of historical writing.

Bhavna Narula

Written by

Every thing I write turns into sarcasm, but feel free to Email me at bhavna88.bn@gmail.com.🐣

Lessons from History

Lessons from History is a platform for writers who share ideas and inspirational stories from world history. The objective is to promote history on Medium and demonstrate the value of historical writing.

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