5 Military Tactics That Made Alexander, the Great

He owes credit to his father, King Philip II of Macedon

Aima
Lessons from History
6 min readFeb 20, 2021

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Alexander the great is unquestionably one of the most famous military commanders in the world.

He conquered the world known at his time by the age of 32. The military forces of the Kingdom of Macedon were the most powerful, advanced and most organized armies of their time. Defeat was a word unknown to them.

But most part of the credit goes to the father of Alexander, King Philip II of Macedon. Macedon, at the time before Philip II, became the King was regarded as a second-rate power.

It had almost no importance in Greek politics which, at that time was regarded as the first-rate power. It was the intelligent and assertive leadership of King Philip and then his descendent Alexander the Great that made the Kingdom of Macedon the most powerful empire of its time.

Alexander continued King Philip’s legacy and using his tactics conquered 3,000 miles across the globe just in a span of 13 years. He expanded the once unknown Macedonian kingdom into a vast empire that occupied land from Macedonia to Egypt and from Greece to part of Pakistan in the Chitral region.

Tactic 1: Organization of Army Units

1. The Companion Cavalry

It was the cavalry at the vanguard striking offensive forces towards the opponent army.

They were the army’s main strike force. They were responsible for charging the enemy flanks with swords and spears or holding them in place so that the tactic called the hammer and the anvil(described later) could be applied.

Their main weapon was the spears(described later) which were quite distinct from the Greek weapon and if the spears broke, they had swords as a backup.

The Companion Cavalry in Flying-Wedge shape

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Aima
Lessons from History

Medical Student, Pakistani, adult in process | Top Writer in Education | Aspiring Autodidact with Da Vinci Curse