Diabetes — A Major Problem Across the World

Rishav Sinha
Nov 14 · 4 min read

Diabetes is a huge problem throughout the world. It effects millions of people every single day. Sometimes, diabetes can be deadly, if not treated immediately.

We all know what diabetes is. Diabetes is when your body can’t regulate insulin properly, causing uneven amounts of glucose in the blood. However, there are two types of diabetes.

Let’s talk about the difference. It’s important to know the difference between the two types of diabetes so you can better understand the purpose and reason why certain medicines are consumed during diabetes.

The two types of diabetes are called type 1 and type 2 diabetes. First, let’s start off by talking about what type 1 diabetes is. Type 1 diabetes is when your beta cells don’t work properly.

Wait, what are beta cells?! Beta cells are the little islets present on your pancreas that are responsible for insulin production. If your beta cells don’t work properly and can’t produce much insulin, it’s called type 1 diabetes. Obviously, this can be fatal. Why? Let’s think about it.

Photo by Heather Ford on Unsplash

When you eat carbohydrates or sugar, your blood gets filled with glucose. How does the glucose get removed from the bloodstream? Insulin.

However, in type 1 diabetes, your beta cells in the pancreas barely produce insulin!

This means that blood sugar would remain high. Because of this major problem, type 1 diabetics take insulin shots, so their blood sugar levels can decrease to normal levels.

Now let’s get to know what type 2 diabetes is. You might have heard people say that type 2 diabetes is when that person is insulin resistance. What does that mean though?

Insulin resistance is when your cells are insulin resistance (your cells don’t respond to insulin anymore as efficiently). Normally, when you consume carbohydrates or sugar, blood glucose levels increase in your bloodstream.

Then your amazing beta cells, in your pancreas, release insulin into the bloodstream to reduce the blood glucose levels. How? Insulin binds to your cell’s insulin receptors and the cell “opens” and “takes in” the glucose and other nutrients.

However, the cells, in people who have type 2 diabetes, don’t respond (the cells don’t “open” as explained above) to the insulin. Because of this, type 2 diabetics sometimes have to take more insulin on top of what their beta cells produce in order for their cells to respond.

But type 2 diabetics can sometimes increase their insulin sensitivity (cells are able to “take in” glucose more efficiently) through lifestyle changes like diet and exercise.

Also, keep in mind that any diabetic should always consult a doctor before starting a new diet or program that will affect their blood glucose levels.

Diabetes can be a fatal disease. However, type 2 diabetes is developed mostly through a bad diet. For example, one can eat a plethora amount of refined sugars and simple carbohydrates every day for a long time. This will obviously cause increased blood sugar concentration almost all the time.

Because of this, your cells will start to “ignore” the insulin in your bloodstream which is what insulin resistance is. So it’s important to note that having a good diet and a healthy exercise program can maintain or improve the body’s ability to metabolize sugar in a more efficient manner (yes, type 2 diabetics can improve their glucose and insulin regulation in their blood through diet and exercise).

Photo by Brooke Lark on Unsplash

So don’t give up. Keep on exercising (in healthy amounts) and make sure to have a good diet. For example, if you are a type 2 diabetic and you really want to eat some creamy pasta, then choose the whole wheat and whole-grain pasta instead of the white pasta. This way, you are getting complex carbohydrates instead of simple carbohydrates. Your cells will use the energy from the whole wheat pasta at a much slower rate than that of white pasta.

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Rishav Sinha

Written by

Love writing about health and human biology. Owner/writer for Science For Life, writer for The Ascent and Live Your Life On Purpose. FOLLOW Science For Life!

Live Your Life On Purpose

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