#PeaceHackCamp — Building a Technology and Innovation Community in South Sudan

“Today we learnt that what we thought was impossible is actually possible.”— #PeaceHackCamp participant.

To many observers South Sudan might seem like a strange place for a technology event. The four-year-old nation is one of the least developed on earth and, since 2013, an ongoing civil war has brought with it economic chaos, widespread displacement of people, and increased food insecurity. In South Sudan, “innovating” would perhaps seem to be less of a priority than simply surviving the many challenges faced daily. In times of crisis, however, the two are often linked. And the focus of the recent #PeaceHackCamp was firmly on finding new, creative, South Sudanese solutions to South Sudan’s problems.

#PeaceHackCamp participants enjoy a fun moment during a session on women’s empowerment.

The three day #PeaceHackCamp, held at the beginning of December, was South Sudan’s first “hackathon,” although it was much more than that as well. The event brought together several hundred participants to concurrent sessions, including a mix of practical workshops, “codathons,” panel discussions and networking opportunities held across different venues in Juba.

Participants were able to engineer and program tailor-made computer tools using kits from Afrimakers.

As befits a country where only 9% of people have ever had access to the Internet, the emphasis of the hack was not just on coding and programming, but included a mixture of high and low tech efforts at solving real world problems. Sessions ranged from working towards sustainable agriculture, or “planting for peace,” to supporting youth entrepreneurship, and from designing mobile applications to an introduction to Wikipedia. A morning talking about access to markets might easily be followed by an afternoon of soldering a solar powered phone charger.

In a country with no electricity grid, solar power plays an increasingly vital role. #PeaceHackCamp participants were able to build solar powered phone chargers.
“I use a solar panel to charge a battery so I can study at nighttime. Now I have a bigger battery that will last longer, but it will not take any charge from the solar. Can I fix it?” — #PeaceHackCamp Participant

The #PeaceHackCamp was an initiative of Kapital Movie Industry Corporation (KMIC), a local South Sudanese organization founded on the principle of peer-to-peer learning.

“We were students at the university, but the campus was frequently shut down for long periods due to strikes,” says Lagu Stephen, founder of KMIC. “After a while, we decided we needed to keep busy and just teach ourselves.” They developed a passion for open source education resources, which alongside video and ICT activism became the driving force behind the organization.

Lagu Stephen of KMIC introduces a session at the 2015 #PeaceHackCamp

At the beginning of 2015, KMIC was operating without an office, but still managing to conduct workshops and trainings from Lagu’s cramped single room residence. There was no shortage of young people willing to learn — and to teach — even if the resources were not there. “We wanted a space where we could meet and practice the sorts of things we were learning about online,” says Lagu.

After successfully applying to Internews’ South Sudan Small Grants program, these plans were able to become a reality. An office was established, including facilities for workshops and training, and the #PeaceHackCamp began to take shape. During the course of 2015, workshops were conducted on ICT activism and video production, and a great deal of planning and networking took place.

The “Code Room” was full of activity throughout the three day #PeaceHackCamp

The level of planning involved can be seen just from the attendance list, which included participants not only from across South Sudan, but from around the world. In collaboration with KMIC’s open culture and social innovation partners r0g_agency and the IceHub network, visitors traveled from Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Norway, Germany, Rwanda, Zambia, and even as far away as Colombia, making the #PeaceHackCamp a truly international event. Many of the foreign visitors represented tech spaces and innovation labs, such as the iHub in Nairobi, the BongoHive in Lusaka or IceAddis in Addis Ababa, and brought with them a range of skills, ideas and experiences to share with their South Sudanese counterparts.

The #PeaceHackCamp was an international event, with participants and presenters coming to Juba from around Africa and the world.
“South Sudan is a long way behind other places in the world, but we mustn’t let ourselves be left behind. We must work hard to catch up!” — #PeaceHackCamp participant

The huge level of interest and enthusiasm demonstrated during the #PeaceHackCamp makes one thing clear — despite the enormous challenges faced, there is an emerging tech community in South Sudan. In fact, there is a palpable sense of urgency about it. As Lagu points out, “If we wait until everyone in this country is connected, it will be too late. The time to think different is now. The time to take action is now!”

There is evidence to support this feeling of being part of the zeitgeist. In 2013, just 3% of South Sudanese had ever accessed the Internet. In less than two years, by early 2015, despite the outbreak of civil war and the threat of economic collapse, this number had tripled. The figures may still seem incredibly small, but in South Sudan’s starved media landscape, the small number of weekly Internet users (7%) is rapidly gaining on the weekly reach of more established media such as newspapers (10%) and television (13%). As mobile phone penetration continues to grow, online resources will no doubt play an increasing role in how South Sudanese access and communicate information.

Participants in a session on entrepreneurship list the challenges they face daily — access to electricity and internet top the lists, followed by insecurity and currency devaluation.

A wealth of ideas and plans were stimulated during the #PeaceHackCamp and many valuable connections were formed as ad-hoc meetings and sessions developed. One particularly fruitful discussion was held around the development of the “j-HUB,” a planned “open tech-space” for Juba, where developers and entrepreneurs will be able to meet and access the Internet and other resources.

Meanwhile, the #PeaceHackCamp concept will soon be exported from South Sudan to Colombia, with a similar event planned in that nation in 2016. Interest has also been expressed in holding a sister event in Afghanistan. The #PeaceHackCamp may have a claim to be South Sudan’s first tech export. If the participants have their way, it will be the first of many.

Internews support to KMIC through the Small Grants program was part of the USAID i-STREAM project, Strengthening Independent Media in South Sudan. jHUB, South Sudan’s first open knowledge and innovation space, forms part of KMIC’s “Step-Up Juba Media Lab” project, supported by the German Federal Ministry of International Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Further information about the #PeaceHackCamp and the many partners and supporters who helped make it possible.