Ephesus and Christology

Is Christ Two, Mary, and Grace

Confusion After Constantinople I

After Constantinople I, many citizens of the Roman Empire began converting to Christianity because it was the state religion. This meant that many said they were Christian without actually following the faith (nominally Christian) and were backsliding constantly — so many church leaders had to figure out how to avoid this. However, this led to strict legalism and strange asceticism. In addition to this problem, the two major hubs of Christianity, Alexandria in Egypt and Constantipole in Turkey, disagreed significantly on Christology. The Roman emperor Theodosius I called for there to be a council in Ephesus which concluded in 431 AD.

Implication for the Atonement

There are two distinct issues tackled in Ephesus: one to do with who Christ is and the other to do with the nature of grace.

Final Thoughts

We can see the importance then that we proclaim that Christ is God and man unified, and that we call His mother Mary the Mother of God. Jesus needed to have been both fully man and fully God — if we truly do believe that, we see that Mary truly carried God in her womb. We also see that it is important that we understand the purpose of grace in salvation. We are not saved by perfect works, and we are not saved by perfect prayer — we are saved by God’s grace uniting us to Christ alone.

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