Medusa
Published in

Medusa

How to Add Product Reviews from Scratch on your Medusa Server and Next.js Storefront

Medusa is an open source ecommerce platform that provides developers with customizability and extendability within all of its 3 components — the headless server, the admin, and the storefront.

Whether you want to add third-party integrations or custom functionalities, you have full freedom with how you implement them. Medusa also comes packed with important ecommerce features out-of-the-box and ready-made pluginsthat you can install with a plug-and-play style.

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to add product reviews to your Medusa server. You’ll also customize both the Medusa admin and Next.js storefront to show the reviews, and allow customers to add their reviews to products on the storefront.

You can find the code for this tutorial in this GitHub repository.

Prerequisites

Before you follow along with this tutorial, you must have the following requirements installed:

Server Setup

To install the Medusa server, you need to install the CLI tool first:

npm install -g @medusajs/medusa-cli

Then, run the following command to install the Medusa server:

medusa new medusa-reviews

This installs your Medusa server into a newly-created directory medusa-reviews.

Configure PostgreSQL Database

Create an empty PostgreSQL database. Then, in .env in the root of your Medusa server directory, add the following environment variable:

DATABASE_URL=<YOUR_DATABASE_URL>

Where <YOUR_DATABASE_URL> is the URL to the database schema you just created in PostgreSQL. The URL should be of the format postgres://<USERNAME>:<PASSWORD>@<HOST>/<DB_NAME>. For example, postgres://postgres:postgres@localhost/medusa-reviews.

Then, change the database configuration in the exported object in medusa-config.js to use PostgreSQL instead of SQLite:

module.exports = {
projectConfig: {
//...
database_url: DATABASE_URL,
database_type: "postgres",
//comment out or remove the following lines:
// database_database: "./medusa-db.sql",
// database_type: "sqlite",
},
plugins,
};

Seed and Migrate the Database

Finally, run the following command to migrate Medusa’s database schema and seed it with demo data:

npm run seed

Add Product Reviews

In this section, you’ll add the ProductReview model, its associated repository, the migration to create it in the database, and the service to facilitate accessing and manipulating product reviews in the database from endpoints.

Create the ProductReview model

Before you create the model, install the class-validator library to add validation to some of the columns in the new model:

npm install class-validator

Then, create the file src/models/product-review.ts with the following content:

import { BaseEntity, Product } from "@medusajs/medusa"
import { BeforeInsert, Column, Entity, Index, JoinColumn, ManyToOne } from "typeorm"
import { Max, Min } from "class-validator"
import { generateEntityId } from "@medusajs/medusa/dist/utils"@Entity()
export class ProductReview extends BaseEntity {
@Index()
@Column({ type: "varchar", nullable: true })
product_id: string
@ManyToOne(() => Product)
@JoinColumn({ name: "product_id" })
product: Product
@Column({ type: "varchar", nullable: false })
title: string
@Column({ type: "varchar", nullable: false })
user_name: string
@Column({ type: "int" })
@Min(1)
@Max(5)
rating: number
@Column({ nullable: false })
content: string
@BeforeInsert()
private beforeInsert(): void {
this.id = generateEntityId(this.id, "prev")
}
}

You create a new model ProductReview that extends BaseEntity . BaseEntity adds 3 common columns id, created_atand updated_at.

You additionally add the columns id, product_id, title, user_name, rating, and content.

You also add a method to be run before inserting a new record in the database for this model which uses a utility function from Medusa. If the record doesn’t have an ID, a random and unique ID is generated for it.

Create the Repository

The next step is to create the Typeorm repository for this model. Typeorm repositories provide you an API to perform a variety of actions on tables in the database

Create the file src/repositories/product-review.ts with the following content:

import { EntityRepository, Repository } from "typeorm"import { ProductReview } from "../models/product-review"@EntityRepository(ProductReview)
export class ProductReviewRepository extends Repository<ProductReview> { }

Create the Migration

Migrations are used to add or modify a database schema before running the server. It eliminates the need to do it manually on your RDBS each time you want to install your server.

Typeorm migration filenames are prefixed with a timestamp, so you have to create your own using this command:

npx typeorm migration:create -n ProductReview --dir src/migrations

This will create the migration ProductReview in the directory src/migrations. You should find a file inside src/migrations that has a file name of the format <TIMESTAMP>-ProductReview.ts.

Inside the migration, there’s an up method and a down method. The up method is executed when you run the migration, and the down method is executed when you revert the migration.

Replace the up method with the following:

public async up(queryRunner: QueryRunner): Promise<void> {
await queryRunner.query(
`CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS "product_review" ("id" character varying NOT NULL, "product_id" character varying NOT NULL,
"title" character varying NOT NULL, "user_name" character varying NOT NULL,
"rating" integer NOT NULL, "content" character varying NOT NULL,
"created_at" TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE NOT NULL DEFAULT now(), "updated_at" TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE NOT NULL DEFAULT now())`
)
await queryRunner.createPrimaryKey("product_review", ["id"])
await queryRunner.createForeignKey("product_review", new TableForeignKey({
columnNames: ["product_id"],
referencedColumnNames: ["id"],
referencedTableName: "product",
onDelete: "CASCADE",
onUpdate: "CASCADE"
}))
}

This creates the table with its columns, makes the column id the primary key, and adds a foreign key on the column product_id.

Then, replace the down method with the following:

public async down(queryRunner: QueryRunner): Promise<void> {
await queryRunner.dropTable("product_review", true)
}

This drops the table product_review if you revert the migration.

Before you can run migrations with Medusa, you need to run the build command to transpile the Typescript files into JavaScript files:

npm run build

Then, run the following command to run the migrations:

medusa migrations run

This runs the migration you created which creates a new table product_review in the database for your Medusa server.

Create the Service

In this section, you’ll create the service that you’ll use in endpoints to access or add product reviews.

Create the file src/services/product-review.js with the following content:

import { BaseService } from "medusa-interfaces";class ProductReviewService extends BaseService {
constructor({ productReviewRepository, manager }) {
super();
this.productReviewRepository = productReviewRepository
this.manager = manager
}

async getProductReviews (product_id) {
const productReviewRepository = this.manager.getCustomRepository(this.productReviewRepository);
return await productReviewRepository.find({
product_id
});
}
async addProductReview (product_id, data) {
if (!data.title || !data.user_name || !data.content || !data.rating) {
throw new Error("product review requires title, user_name, content, and rating")
}
const productReviewRepository = this.manager.getCustomRepository(this.productReviewRepository);
const createdReview = productReviewRepository.create({
product_id: product_id,
title: data.title,
user_name: data.user_name,
content: data.content,
rating: data.rating
})
const productReview = await productReviewRepository.save(createdReview);
return productReview
}
}
export default ProductReviewService;

This creates the service ProductReviewService. This service has 2 methods. getProductReviews gets all reviews for a product ID, and addProductReview creates a new product review for a product ID using data passed to it as a second parameter.

Create Endpoints

Finally, you’ll create 3 new endpoints on your Medusa server:

  • A GET route /store/products/:id/reviews to get reviews for a product on the storefront.
  • A POST route /store/products/:id/reviews to add a new review for a product on the storefront.
  • A GET route /admin/products/:id/reviews to get reviews on the Medusa admin.

Create the file src/api/index.js with the following content:

import { Router } from "express"
import bodyParser from "body-parser"
import cors from "cors"
import { projectConfig } from "../../medusa-config"
export default () => {
const router = Router()
const storeCorsOptions = {
origin: projectConfig.store_cors.split(","),
credentials: true,
}
router.get("/store/products/:id/reviews", cors(storeCorsOptions), (req, res) => {
const productReviewService = req.scope.resolve("productReviewService")
productReviewService.getProductReviews(req.params.id).then((product_reviews) => {
return res.json({
product_reviews
})
})
})
router.use(bodyParser.json())
router.options("/store/products/:id/reviews", cors(storeCorsOptions))
router.post("/store/products/:id/reviews", cors(storeCorsOptions), (req, res) => {
const productReviewService = req.scope.resolve("productReviewService")
productReviewService.addProductReview(req.params.id, req.body.data).then((product_review) => {
return res.json({
product_review
})
})
})
const corsOptions = {
origin: projectConfig.admin_cors.split(","),
credentials: true,
}
router.options("/admin/products/:id/reviews", cors(corsOptions))
router.get("/admin/products/:id/reviews", cors(corsOptions), async (req, res) => {
const productReviewService = req.scope.resolve("productReviewService")
productReviewService.getProductReviews(req.params.id).then((product_reviews) => {
return res.json({
product_reviews
})
})
})
return router;
}

Notice that you have to use the cors middleware with the configuration imported from medusa-config.js for each route. If you don’t use the cors middleware for the routes then you will not be able to access them from the storefront or from the admin.

In the GET route /store/products/:id/reviews, you retrieve the productReviewService that is registered in the scope by the Medusa server when you run it. You then use the service to retrieve the reviews using the method getProductReviews.

The GET route /admin/products/:id/reviews is similar to the GET route /store/products/:id/reviews, but it uses the cors options for admin requests.

In the POST route /store/products/:id/reviews , you retrieve the productReviewService and use the addProductReview method to add a review for the product, then return the created product review.

Run the Server

To run the server, run the following command:

npm start

This runs the server on localhost:9000. Make sure the server is running throughout the tutorial.

You can test out the endpoints you just added through a tool like Postman, but you’ll be testing them out throughout the rest of the tutorial.

Medusa Admin Setup

The next step is to install and set up the Medusa Admin.

In your terminal and in a different directory than the Medusa server, run the following command to install the Medusa admin:

git clone <https://github.com/medusajs/admin> medusa-reviews-admin

Then, change to the newly-created directory medusa-reviews-admin and install the necessary dependencies:

cd medusa-reviews-admin
npm install

Create Reviews Component

You’ll show the reviews on the details page of each product.

So, create the file src/domain/products/product-form/sections/reviews.js with the following content:

import { Box, Flex, Text } from "rebass"
import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react"
import BodyCard from "../../../../components/organisms/body-card"
import { ReactComponent as Star } from "../../../../assets/svg-2.0/star.svg"
import medusaRequest from "../../../../services/request"
const Reviews = ({ id }) => {
const [reviews, setReviews] = useState([])
useEffect(() => {
medusaRequest("get", `/admin/products/${id}/reviews`)
.then((response) => setReviews(response.data.product_reviews))
.catch((e) => console.error(e))
}, [])
return (
<BodyCard title="Product Reviews">
{reviews.length === 0 && (
<span>There are no reviews for this product</span>
)}
{reviews.length > 0 &&
reviews.map((review) => (
<Box key={review.id} bg="light" padding="2" mb="2">
<Flex justifyContent="space-between">
<Box mr={4}>
<Text fontWeight="700" mb={3}>
{review.title}
</Text>
</Box>
<Flex mr={4}>
{Array(review.rating)
.fill(0)
.map(() => (
<Star fill="yellow" />
))}
</Flex>
</Flex>
<Text color="gray">By {review.user_name}</Text>
<br />
<Text>{review.content}</Text>
<br />
<Text color="gray">{review.created_at}</Text>
</Box>
))}
</BodyCard>
)
}
export default Reviews

In this code snippet, you retrieve the reviews from the server using the endpoint you created earlier, then you display the reviews if there are any.

Then, in src/domain/products/product-form/index.tsx import the Reviews component at the top of the file:

import Reviews from "./sections/reviews"

And in the returned JSX in the component, add the following before the div wrapping RawJSON:

//add this
<div className="mt-large">
<Reviews id={product.id} />
</div>
//before this
<div className="mt-large">
<RawJSON data={product} title="Raw product" />
</div>

Test it Out

If you run your medusa admin with the following command:

npm run develop

You’ll first be asked to log in to the admin. You can use the demo email “admin@medusa-test.com” and password “supersecret”.

After you log in, go to the Products page from the sidebar, then choose one of the existing products.

Scroll down and you should find “Product Reviews” but there are currently no reviews to view.

You’ll come back to this page after adding the “Add Review” functionality on the storefront.

Setup Next.js Storefront

This section covers how to show product reviews on the Next.js storefront and allow users to add their reviews.

If you’re alternatively using the Gatsby storefront or your custom storefront, you can still follow along to see the general approach of how to implement it in your storefront.

In your terminal and in a different directory than the directories holding the Medusa server and Medusa admin, run the following command to install the Next.js storefront:

npx create-next-app -e <https://github.com/medusajs/nextjs-starter-medusa> medusa-reviews-storefront

Then, change to the newly created directory medusa-reviews-storefront and rename the .env file:

cd medusa-reviews-storefront
mv .env.template .env.local

You need to install a few libraries that are useful for this tutorial:

npm install --save @heroicons/react react-hyper-modal yup

Where @heroicons/react is used to show a star icon for the rating, react-hyper-modal is used to easily create a modal for the product review form, and yup is used for the form validation.

Implement Product Reviews

In this section, you’ll show the product reviews under the description on every product page. You’ll also show a button to add a new review. This button opens a modal with a form to add the review.

In pages/product/[id].js add the following imports at the beginning of the file:

import * as Yup from 'yup';
import { useFormik } from "formik";
import HyperModal from 'react-hyper-modal';
import { StarIcon } from "@heroicons/react/solid";
import axios from "axios";

Then, at the beginning of the Product component, add the following state variables:

const [reviews, setReviews] = useState([]);
const [isModalOpen, setModalOpen] = useState(false);

The reviews state variable is used to store the reviews retrieved from the server. The isModalOpen state variable is used to control whether the modal holding the product review form is opened or closed.

Also, add a variable that uses Formik and Yup to easily create a form with validation functionalities:

const reviewFormik = useFormik({
initialValues: {
title: "",
user_name: "",
rating: 1,
content: ""
},
validationSchema: Yup.object().shape({
title: Yup.string().required(),
user_name: Yup.string().required(),
rating: Yup.number().min(1).max(5),
content: Yup.string().required()
}),
onSubmit: (values) => {
axios.post(`${BACKEND_URL}/store/products/${product.id}/reviews`, {
data: {
title: values.title,
user_name: values.user_name,
rating: values.rating,
content: values.content
}
})
.then(() => {
getReviews()
setModalOpen(false)
})
}
})

This form has 4 fields: title, user_name, rating, and content. All fields are required, and the value of the rating field must be at least 1 and at most 5

On submit, a POST request is sent to the endpoint you created earlier, and you pass the review data in the body. Then, the reviews are retrieved from the server using the getReviews function and the modal is closed.

Next, add the getReviews function and a useEffect that gets the reviews whenever the product changes:

useEffect(() => {
if (product) {
getReviews()
}
// eslint-disable-next-line react-hooks/exhaustive-deps
}, [product])
function getReviews () {
axios.get(`${BACKEND_URL}/store/products/${product.id}/reviews`)
.then((response) => setReviews(response.data.product_reviews))
}

This retrieves the reviews from the server using the endpoint you created earlier on the server.

Finally, add the following before the last 3 closing div elements in the returned JSX:

//add this
<div style={{marginTop: "30px"}}>
<p>Product Reviews</p>
<HyperModal
isOpen={isModalOpen}
requestClose={() => setModalOpen(false)}
renderOpenButton={() => {
return (
<button className={styles.addbtn} onClick={() => setModalOpen(true)}>Add Review</button>
);
}}
>
<form onSubmit={reviewFormik.handleSubmit} style={{padding: "20px"}}>
<h2>Add Review</h2>
<div style={{marginBottom: "10px"}}>
<label htmlFor="title">Title</label>
<input type="text" name="title" id="title" onChange={reviewFormik.handleChange}
value={reviewFormik.values.title} style={{display: "block", width: "100%"}} />
{reviewFormik.touched.title && reviewFormik.errors.title && <span style={{color: "red"}}>{reviewFormik.errors.title}</span>}
</div>
<div style={{marginBottom: "10px"}}>
<label htmlFor="user_name">User Name</label>
<input type="text" name="user_name" id="user_name" onChange={reviewFormik.handleChange}
value={reviewFormik.values.user_name} style={{display: "block", width: "100%"}} />
{reviewFormik.touched.user_name && reviewFormik.errors.user_name && <span style={{color: "red"}}>{reviewFormik.errors.user_name}</span>}
</div>
<div style={{marginBottom: "10px"}}>
<label htmlFor="rating">Rating</label>
<input type="number" name="rating" id="rating" onChange={reviewFormik.handleChange}
value={reviewFormik.values.rating} min="1" max="5" style={{display: "block", width: "100%"}} />
{reviewFormik.touched.rating && reviewFormik.errors.rating && <span style={{color: "red"}}>{reviewFormik.errors.rating}</span>}
</div>
<div style={{marginBottom: "10px"}}>
<label htmlFor="content">Content</label>
<textarea name="content" id="content" onChange={reviewFormik.handleChange}
value={reviewFormik.values.content} style={{display: "block", width: "100%"}} rows={5}></textarea>
{reviewFormik.touched.content && reviewFormik.errors.content && <span style={{color: "red"}}>{reviewFormik.errors.content}</span>}
</div>
<button className={styles.addbtn}>Add</button>
</form>
</HyperModal>
{reviews.length === 0 && <div style={{marginTop: "10px"}}>There are no product reviews</div>}
{reviews.length > 0 && reviews.map((review, index) => (
<div key={review.id} style={{marginTop: "10px", marginBottom: "10px"}}>
<div style={{display: "flex", justifyContent: "space-between", alignItems: "center"}}>
<h3>{review.title}</h3>
<div style={{display: "flex"}}>
{Array(review.rating).fill(0).map((_, index) => <StarIcon key={index} style={{color: "#FFDF00", height: "24px", width: "24px"}} />)}
</div>
</div>
<small style={{color: "grey"}}>By {review.user_name}</small>
<div style={{marginTop: "10px", marginBottom: "10px"}}>{review.content}</div>
<small style={{color: "grey"}}>{review.created_at}</small>
{index !== reviews.length - 1 && <hr />}
</div>
))}
</div>
//before this
</div>
</div>
</div>

You first create the modal using HyperModal. This modal is opened by the “Add Review” button. When it’s opened, a form with 3 input fields and a textarea is shown to add the review. When the form is submitted, the function passed to onSubmit in the options object of useFormik is executed.

Then, if there are any reviews, you render them one by one.

Test it Out

To run the server for the storefront, run the following command:

npm run dev

This runs the storefront on localhost:8000. Open it in your browser and choose one of the products. You can see that it has no reviews.

Click on Add Review to add a review. A modal opens with the form to add a product review.

Fill out the form and click Add. You should be able to see the reviews you add now. Add as many as you want.

Go back to the admin panel and open the page of the product you just added reviews to. You should see the same reviews now on the admin panel.

What’s Next

There’s still much more that you can do in your Medusa server to customize it with all the services and ecommerce features that you need:

Should you have any issues or questions related to Medusa, then feel free to reach out to the Medusa team via Discord.

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store