Migratory Notes 97
Get in line, another caravan, soldiers stay on the border
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The average American has limited knowledge of how the immigration system really works, regardless of their political views. A video series from The Marshall Project, “We Are Witnesses: Becoming an American,” uses personal stories to push back against the binary that puts migrants in two categories: legal and illegal. “No matter how many times I am asked, “Why don’t you just get in line?” I can only respond one way: For most of us, there is no line,” writes undocumented journalist Jose Antonio Vargas in an intro to the series.
Journalism in the Spotlight
The New York Times sent a reporter and photographer to publish dispatches while traveling along the border this week. One dispatch details the efforts to identify the bodies of the hundreds of migrants who have died in the desert. One of the dispatches, which sparked major criticism, when the reporters detail their experience of crossing the Rio Grande on audio for The Daily podcast. Critics believe the manufactured border crossing “minimizes actual people who have traveled miles on an arduous journey, fleeing violence and poverty,” writes Latino Rebels. The National Association of Hispanic Journalists issued a statement criticizing the report stating that “the story released by “The Daily”, carries an uneasy amount of privilege conveying the long and laborious journey of immigrants to the border as a short 30-second swim.”
Despite many people from previous caravans still stuck at the U.S. border, new ones are taking off: Between 800 and 2,000 Honduran migrants left San Pedro Sula on Monday night and Tuesday morning after a flier with an unknown origin circulated on Facebook, and another smaller caravan of about 200 migrants departed from El Salvador on Wednesday morning. “As long as there is poverty, migration is not going to stop,” one migrant told Al Jazeera.
A Honduran migrant who traveled with the October 2018 caravan was murdered about a week after being deported from the U.S., reports The Guardian. “Here in this country they just kill. They don’t care about the family’s pain,” said the man’s mother. More than 70 Honduran deportees have been murdered in recent years.
As the longest government shutdown in U.S. history continues, a congressional compromise does not seem likely, given the increase in the polarization of the border wall debate in recent years, reports Axios. After Trump spent a lot of time threatening a national emergency to get the wall built it seems he’s pulled back from that idea although the shutdown continues, reports Vox. It’s possible government workers striking or quitting could pressure Trump to reopen the government, explains the Washington Post.
In the meantime, the shutdown continues to hamstring Department of Homeland Security agencies and enforcement:
- Two CBP officers sued the Trump administration for requiring “essential” government employees to work without pay during the shutdown, becoming the second agency to do so. The lawsuit demands pay for tens of thousands of federal employees. (The Washington Post)
- TSA absenteeism continues amid concerns of security breaches and a strike from one of the lowest-paid arms of the federal government. (Vox)
- More than 43,000 immigration cases have been postponed because of the shutdown and hearings may not be rescheduled until 2022, according to a report by the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University. That number could reach 100,000 if the shutdown continues through the end of the month.
Fact Checking Trump Tweets
Trump’s weekend tweet with a slew of statistics suggesting a correlation between crime and undocumented immigration was full of errors and misleading assertions. The New York Times provides a handy fact check.
A Trump tweet suggesting the administration would provide a pathway to citizenship for skilled workers with H-1B visas has confused lawyers and experts, who point out that these visa-holders can already apply for residency, reports Forbes. “This tweet runs counter to what the administration has actually done against H-1B workers,” a law professor said. “[Since] April 2017, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has made it harder for employers to hire H-1B workers and to keep them.” Because of these restrictions, more tech workers and tech start-ups have decided to move to Canada, reports the Washington Post.
While Trump’s more high-profile immigration policies, such as separating families and restricting access to asylum, have been thwarted by legal action, some less-publicized back-door administrative changes have gone under the radar of organizations such as the ACLU, reports The Guardian. Changing immigration policy through executive power has become more common as Congress has failed to pass comprehensive immigration reform in the past three decades, reports the Washington Post.
Immigrants at risk of deportation because of cannabis convictions remain enforcement priorities despite a wave of state legalization, reports Cannabis Wire and DocumentedNY.
An Afghan translator who worked with U.S. troops and received a visa to move to the U.S. was detained by CBP in the Houston airport this week, the latest case that shows how airport enforcement has increased under the Trump administration, reports The Houston Chronicle.
A wave of sheriffs who campaigned to end cooperation with ICE have contributed to an increase of counties pulling out of the controversial 287(g) program, which allows county sheriffs to help federal authorities deport undocumented immigrants, reports Pew. “We need to build trust with a community that does not trust us. Imagine a robbery victim afraid to call the police or witnesses afraid to come forward. That’s what we were dealing with,” said one recently elected sheriff.
Democrats now in charge of the House Homeland Security Committee want to focus on filling 200 vacant Border Patrol postings along the northern border, where the threat of terrorism is more likely, reports Politico. Their focus on on the porous Canadian border is a contrast to the White House’s focus on hiring more agents along the southern border.
A Latino Marine veteran was detained for deportation in Michigan. It took a call from his attorney for ICE to believe the Marine was a citizen, reports The Washington Post. “I immediately called ICE and shouted at them,” the attorney said. “And they called me back and said, kind of, ‘Oops, yeah, come and get him.’ They didn’t say ‘Our bad,’ but kind of implied that.”
Thousands of troops sent to the border temporarily in November will now be staying until the end of September after the Pentagon approved a request from DHS to extend the deployment, reports the LA Times.
Trump’s proposed border wall evokes different responses in disparate communities along the border. The Guardian, in an in-depth package, visited five sites: In San Ysidro, some residents are shocked by the increasing militarization of the border. In El Paso, most residents are open to new immigrants. In the Rio Grande Valley, a farmer wants the gaps in the border fence closed.
A deeper look into the economic relationship between the U.S. and Mexico shows a symbiotic relationship that the U.S. benefits from in many ways, a contrast from the picture Trump has painted. Mexican consumers pump billions of dollars into border towns and many U.S. industries profit from the current trade relationship, reports Rolling Stone.
More than 200 migrants turned themselves over to the Border Patrol in a desolate area along the New Mexico border. The El Paso Times reports this usually quiet area is seeing an influx of larger groups arriving there.
The Border Patrol union previously opposed building a border wall and called doing so “a waste of taxpayer money,” in a 2012 post on its webpage, reports Politico. “Walls and fences are temporary solutions that focus on the symptom (illegal immigration) rather than the problem (employers who knowingly hire illegal aliens),” it read. The post was deleted this week.
Two tunnels believed to be used to smuggle drugs from Mexico were discovered in Nogales, Arizona this month, exposing the limitations of a border wall as a way of preventing drugs from entering the country, reports the Washington Post. The ongoing trial of Mexican drug kingpin El Chapo has brought to light more details of how drugs are smuggled into the U.S. en masse — through tunnels, submarines, and hidden in jalapeno pepper cans driven by trucks through ports of entry — none of which can be stopped by a border wall, reports The Daily Beast.
$20 million in donations to a GoFundMe campaign to fund the border wall will be returned to donors given that the campaign did not reach its $1 billion goal, reports the Washington Post. The GoFundMe campaign to build the border wall appears to be part of a larger email harvesting campaign by its founder, who now has the emails of 3.5 million people willing to donate to conservative causes, reports NBC News.
Visas and Citizenship
A federal judge ruled that the Trump administration cannot put a citizenship question on the 2020 census, based on the failure of Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross to follow the standard procedure to make the change. The New York Times reports the case “seems certain to reach the Supreme Court before the printing of census forms begins this summer.” The census will be used to determine redistricting in 2021 and the change could have shifted the political tides in Republican’s favor.
Thousands of visas for child brides have been approved in the U.S. in the last 10 years, leading to questions about whether U.S. immigration policy encourages child marriage even though it restricts other bringing other family members such as parents, reports AP.
The Trump administration plans to double the capacity of a detention center in Florida for migrant teens, reports the New York Times. The facility will be “temporary,” as was the recently closed tent city in Tornillo, meaning it will be subject to less regulations and oversight.
Language barriers persist for immigrants who speak indigenous languages and are taken into CBP and ICE custody, despite knowledge of the problem since as early as 2000, reports Arizona Daily Star.
Immigration Stats, History and Myths
Overstaying a visa continues to be the most common form of illegal immigration, rather than crossing the border, according to new statistics from the Center for Migration Studies. The undocumented Mexican population has decreased since 2016, while the undocumented population from Venezuela, India, and Central America’s Northern Triangle has increased.
The American labor market has been addicted to undocumented immigrants for a century. “The roots of our addiction can be traced to the early 1920s, when Americans began to rely on immigrants from Mexico to replace the European and Asian immigrants who had been barred from entry into the United States by new quota laws,” historian Julia G. Young writes in an opinion piece for the Washington Post. “During the Depression, however, the need for immigrant labor diminished, and Mexicans were rounded up and deported en masse during the repatriation drives of 1929–1936.” Kicking the habit today would mean increased prices for food, construction, hotels and other services, a cost many consumers don’t want to absorb.
The American myth of “mass migration,” based on an arbitrary percentage decided in the early 20th century, has prevailed in recent years, but the country should actually admit one million more immigrants per year until 2050 to maintain a healthy economy, writes Shikha Dalmia, a senior analyst at Reason in an Opinion piece for the New York Times.
Immigration is an International Issue
A Haitian migrant who traveled by land from Brazil to Mexico to reach the U.S. has decided to forego the “American dream” to make a life in Tijuana, he writes in an opinion piece for the LA Times. He frequently visits shelters to present Mexico as a viable option for Central American migrants to start over, “rather than putting everything on hold in pursuit of a goal that may be unattainable,” given the difficulties of entering the U.S.
- A new report further details the poor conditions and human rights abuses in immigrant detention centers. (Hope Border Institute)
- The last group of children and adolescents housed at the Tornillo tent city in Texas were released on Friday. (AP)
- The Senate confirmation hearings began this week for William Barr, Trump’s attorney general pick to replace Jeff Sessions and another immigration hardliner. (The Intercept)
- Hearings for a trial challenging the Trump administration’s decision to end TPS for Haitians wrapped up last week. A verdict in the case is expected by March 1. (Miami Herald)
- Despite legal attempts by one Texas resident to thwart government plans to build a border wall through his property, a barrier along the border will likely cut across his property as soon as February. (Texas Observer)
Immigration Resources & Opportunities
Recently released immigration books (got one, send it over)
- Humanitarianism and Mass Migration Confronting the World Crisis, by Marcelo Suarez-Orozco, reveals how in this young century more than 65 million people have already been forced to leave their homes.
- Origins and Destinations: The Making of the Second Generation, by Renee Reichl Luthra, Thomas Soehl, and Roger Waldinger, investigates children of immigrants in Los Angeles and New York
- Deportation in the Americas, edited by Kenyon Zimmer and Cristina Salinas, explores deportation policy and its global impact
- We Built the Wall: How the US Keeps Out Asylum Seekers from Mexico, Central America and Beyond by Eileen Truax
- Vanishing Frontiers: the Forces Driving Mexico and the United States Together, by Andrew Selee, explores the two countries intertwined histories.
- Homelands: Four Friends, Two Countries, and the Fate of the Great Mexican-American Migration by Dallas Morning News border correspondent Alfredo Corchado
- My Family Divided: One Girl’s Journey of Home, Loss, and Hope by Diane Guerrero with Erica Moroz
- From Here and There: Diaspora Policies, Integration, and Social Rights Beyond Borders, by Alexandra Délano Alonso, is the first book-length guide about consular services.
- Undocumented Lives: The Untold Story of Mexican Migration, about the Mexican government’s support for migration. PRI profiled the book’s author.
- The Making of a Dream: How a group of young undocumented immigrants helped change what it means to be American, by Laura Wides-Muñoz, covers the growth of the Dreamer movement.
Newsletters, Podcasts, & Facebook Groups
- The Global Nation newsletter and Facebook group from PRI’s The World.
- Refugees Deeply: a thrice-weekly newsletter on migration and displacement.
- Migration Information Source from the Migration Policy Institute offers a series of newsletters.
- Documented NY’s Early Arrival newsletter aggregates information on immigration in New York City.
- The Marshall Project newsletter: criminal justice news that regularly intersects with immigration.
- Politico’s Morning Shift newsletter: a daily read on employment and immigration.
- Give Me Your Tired, an (Im)migration Newsletter offers a weekly update on global migration.
- Radio Public curates a list of podcasts about immigration and migration.
- Tempest Tossed, a podcast with “conversations on immigration and refugees that go beyond the predictable soundbites.” (In the latest episode they chat with Migratory Notes Advisory Board Member Roberto Suro)
- Displaced, a podcast from the International Rescue Committee.
- A is for America America’s Voice discusses immigrant politics and organizing.
- Only in America: National Immigration Forum’s podcast about the people behind immigration issues.
- Moving Stories is an app and curriculum to capture and share immigrant stories.
- Re-imagining immigration has resources and lessons to teach about migration, immigration, refugees, and civic empowerment through history, literature, and the sciences
- The Advocates for Human Rights and the Immigration History Research Center at UMN free curriculum that helps students learn about U.S. immigration through personal narratives: Teaching Immigration with the Immigrant Stories Project
- Imm-print publishes an Immigration Detention Syllabus.
Reporting resources, tools and tips
- The Pew Research Center offers a mini email course on immigration to the U.S.
- Tools for covering ICE from the Columbia Journalism Review
- Migration Reporting Resources (Global Investigative Journalism Network)
- Resources for Investigating Visas (Midwest Center for Investigative Reporting)
- Reporting on Refugees, Asylum Seekers and Immigrants (90 Days, 90 Voices)
- Immigration Data Resources: An extensive, and growing, list of immigration resources curated by PRI’s Angilee Shah and shared as part of her presentation on finding immigration stories at NICAR 2018.
- Tips on covering immigration when you do not live near the border(Daniel Connolly, from IRE 2017)
If there’s a story or immigration-related opportunity you think we should consider, please send us an email.
*Daniela Gerson is a co-founder and the editor of Migratory Notes. She is an assistant professor at California State University, Northridge with a focus on community, ethnic, and participatory media. She is also a senior fellow at theDemocracy Fund. Before that she was a community engagement editor at the LA Times; founding editor of a trilingual hyperlocal publication, Alhambra Source; staff immigration reporter for the New York Sun; and a contributor to outlets including WNYC: New York Public Radio, The World, Der Spiegel, Financial Times, CNN, and The New York Times. She recently wrote The Grand Refugee Hotel: The Sequel to My Grandfather’s Germany for Refugees Deeply. You can find her on Twitter @dhgerson
*Elizabeth Aguilera is a co-founder and the executive editor of Migratory Notes. She is a multimedia reporter for CALmatters covering health and social services, including immigration. Previously she reported on community health, for Southern California Public Radio. She’s also reported on immigration for the San Diego Union-Tribune, where she won a Best of the West award for her work on sex trafficking between the U.S. and Mexico; and before that she covered a variety of beats and issues for the Denver Post including urban affairs and immigration. Her latest story is Newsom’s got an idea even Trump likes — will it lower California’s drug prices? You can find her on Twitter @1eaguilera
*Yana Kunichoff is a special projects editor for Migratory Notes. She is an independent journalist and documentary producer who covers immigration, policing, education and social movements. She was project manager for Migrahack 2016 in Chicago. She has also produced feature-length documentaries and a pop-culture web series for Scrappers Film Group; worked as a fellow with City Bureau, where she won a March 2016 Sidney Hillman award for an investigation into fatal police shootings; and covered race and poverty issues for the Chicago Reporter. Her work has appeared in The Guardian, The Atlantic, Pacific Standard and Chicago magazine among others. You can find her on Twitter @yanazure
*Anna-Cat Brigida is a staff writer for Migratory Notes. She is a freelance reporter covering immigration and human rights in Mexico and Central America. She began covering immigration as a journalism student at USC Annenberg and later moved to Central America to work as a reporter. She has covered the region since 2015 and has been based in El Salvador since January 2018. She has also worked as a Spanish-language writer for Fusion out of the Mexico City office. Her work has appeared in Washington Post, The Guardian, Univision, LA Times, and Al Jazeera, among others. You can find her on Twitter @AnnaCat_Brigida