Acknowledgements and References

American Rivers
Mar 19, 2017 · 6 min read

Learn more about those that helped us and the references we sourced throughout Naturally Stronger, which illustrates the importance of equitable investments in natural water infrastructure by highlighting successes across the country including contributions to national and local economies.

Green Roof in Portland, Oregon | Emily Hauth, Portland Bureau of Environmental Services


American Rivers would like to thank the Agua Fund for their generous support of Naturally Stronger.

We would like to thank Brendan McLaughlin; Tania Briceno, Corrine Armistead, and Rowan Schmidt with Earth Economics; Kalima Rosa and Chione Flegal with PolicyLink; and Scott Miller with Resource Media for their involvement in the development and writing of Naturally Stronger.

Thanks to Lynn Thorp, Jennifer Peters, and Michael Kelly with Clean Water Action; Jon Devine with Natural Resources Defense Council; Jan Goldman-Carter with National Wildlife Federation; Chad Lord with National Parks Conservation Association; Marcus Franklin and Mike Alksnis with NAACP; Madeleine Foote with League of Conservation Voters; Juan Perez with League of United Latin American Citizens; Katherine Baer with River Network, along with other members of the Clean Water for All Campaign for their review of Naturally Stronger.

Resources Utilized in Naturally Stronger

· 2017 Budget, Portland Water District, Accessed March 2017

· 319 Grant Program for States and Territories, Environmental Protection Agency, Accessed March 2017

· A Triple Bottom Line Assessment of Traditional and Green Infrastructure Options for Controlling CSO Events in Philadelphia’s Watersheds, Final Report, Stratus Consulting, August 2009

· About Us, Real Food Farm, Accessed March 2017

· America’s Tomorrow: Equity is the Superior Growth Model, PolicyLink, 2011

· Aggression and Violence in the Inner City: Effects of Environment via Mental Fatigue, F.E. Kuo and W.C. Sullivan, Environment & Behavior, 33: 543–571, 2001. 72

· Banking on Green: A Look at How Green Infrastructure Can Save Municipalities Money and Provide Economic Benefits Community-wide, American Rivers, the Water Environment Federation, the American Society of Landscape Architects and ECONorthwest, April 2012

· BCA of Community Wellhead Protection Volume 1, EPA Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water, 1995

· Behind Toledo’s Water Crisis, a Long-Troubled Lake Erie, Michael Wines, New York Times, August 5, 2014

· City Green: Innovative Green Infrastructure Solutions for Downtowns and Infill Locations, Environmental Protection Agency, 2016

· Clean Watersheds Needs Survey, Environmental Protection Agency, 2012, Accessed March 2017

· Counting up to Green: Assessing the Green Economy and Its Implications for Growth and Equity, Economic Policy Institute, October 2012

· Defining and Evaluating the Ecological Restoration Economy, Bendor, Todd et al, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, May 1, 2015

· Drinking Water Infrastructure: Who Pays and How, American Rivers, July 2013

· Economic Benefits of Investing in Water Infrastructure, Value of Water Campaign, March 2017

· Exploring the Green Infrastructure Workforce, Jobs for the Future, Spring 2017

· Gentilly Resilience District, City of New Orleans, Accessed April 2017

· Getting to Green: Paying for Green Infrastructure, Environmental Protection Agency, December 2014

· Green City Clean Waters, The City of Philadelphia’s Program for Combined Sewer Overflow Control, Program Summary, Philadelphia Water Department, June 1, 2011

· Green Corps Program, Washington Parks and People, Accessed March 2017

· Green Goods and Services Summary, Bureau of Labor Statistics, March 19, 2013

· Growing Green Jobs in America’s Urban Centers, Jorge Madrid and Brennan Alvarez, Center for American Progress, September 2011

· Growing Green: How Green Infrastructure Can Improve Community Livability and Public Health, American Rivers, June 2012

· Harmful Algal Blooms, Environmental Protection Agency, Accessed March 2017

· Infrastructure Report Card, American Society of Civil Engineers, March 2017

· Institutional Issues for Integrated “One Water” Management, Water Environment & Reuse Foundation, April 15, 2015

· Integrated Water Management Resource Center, American Rivers, Accessed March 2017

· Jobs & Equity in the Urban Forest, Ecotrust and PolicyLink, 2017

· Local Economy Bruised by Harmful Algal Blooms in the Lake, J. Patrick Eaken, Press Publications, January 19, 2015

· Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District Regional Green Infrastructure Plan, MMSD Contract No: M03064P03, CH2MHill, June 2013

· Natural Defenses: Safeguarding Communities from Floods, American Rivers, 2010

· Natural Infrastructure: Investing in Forested Landscapes for Source Water Protection in the U.S., Gartner, T. et al, World Resources Institute, October 2013

· Natural Security: How Sustainable Water Strategies are Preparing Communities for a Changing Climate, American Rivers, 2009

· Nature’s Value in Santa Clara County, Batker, D., Schwartz, A., Schmidt, R., Mackenzie, A., Smith, J., Robins, J. (Earth Economics & the Santa Clara Valley Open Space Authority), 2014.

· Neglected for Decades, Unincorporated Communities Lack Basic Public Services, Bernice Young, California Watch, April 6, 2012

· Nitrogen-reducing Green Infrastructure in Environmental Justice Communities, Cape Cod Commission, August 3, 2013

· Pathways to One Water, Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney and ForEvaSolutions, 2015

· Protecting Small Streams and Wetlands, American Rivers, Accessed March 2017

· Resilience — It’s Not Just for Rivers, American Rivers, Jeremy Diner, March 10, 2017

· Restorative Effects of Natural Environment Experiences, T. Hartig, M. Mang, G.W. Evans, Environment & Behavior, 23: 3–26, 1991; L.H. Canin, Psychological Restoration among AIDS Caregivers: Maintaining Self-Care, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan, 1991

· Restoring Flows: Financing the Next Generation of Water Systems, American Rivers and CERES, April 2012

· Restoring Rivers Through One Water, American Rivers, June 21, 2016

· Green Streets: Restoring Rivers, Revitalizing Neighborhoods, and Making Streets Safer, River Network, Accessed March 2017

· Rooftops to Rivers II: Green Strategies for Controlling Stormwater and Combined Sewer Overflows, Natural Resources Defense Council, 2011

· Safety, Growth, and Equity: Parks and Open Space, Richard Raya and Victor Rubin, PolicyLink, 2006

· Sizing the Clean Economy: A National and Regional Green Jobs Assessment, Devashree Saha, Jonathan Rothwell, and Mark Muro, Brookings Institution, July 13, 2011

· Strategies for Equity in Infrastructure and Public Works, Kalima Rose and Judith Dangerfield, PolicyLink, 2015

· Supplemental Ecological Services Study: Tolt River Watershed Asset Management Plan, Batker, David, Earth Economics, 2005

· The Curb-Cut Effect, Angela Glover Blackwell, Stanford Social Innovation Review, Winter 2017

· The Economic Value of Riparian Buffers, American Rivers and University of Maryland Environmental Finance Center, March 2016

· The Effect of a View of Nature on Performance and Stress Reduction of ICU Nurses, M.A. Ovitt, Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Illinois, 1996

· The Junction Neighborhood Greening Plan, Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments, Accessed March 2017

· The New Philadelphia Story Is About Green Infrastructure, Green, Jared, American Society of Landscape Architects, December 18, 2013

· The Outdoor Recreation Economy, Outdoor Industry Association, 2012

· The Value of Green Infrastructure, Center for Neighborhood Technology and American Rivers, 2010

· Toxic Algae Bloom Threatens Wildlife and Shuts Down Drinking Water to Toledo, Frank Szollosi, National Wildlife Federation, August 4, 2014

· Urban Waters Plan, Toledo Metropolitan Area Council of Governments, February 2016

· Using a Jobs Frame to Promote the Use of Green Infrastructure, Green for All, October 17, 2012

· Water Works: Rebuilding Infrastructure, Creating Jobs, Greening the Environment, Green For All, 2011

· Watts Branch Urban Stream Restoration, Fort Collins Science Center (USGS), Accessed March 2017

· Watts Branch Urban Stream Restoration, United States Geological Survey, Accessed March 2017

· What You Need to Know About the Gentilly Resiliency District, Curbed New Orleans, Accessed April 2017

· Why New Orleans’s Back-to-Nature Experiment in Flood Control May Revitalize a Neighborhood, Curbed New Orleans, Accessed April 2017

Learn more about equitable investment in natural infrastructure:

· Executive Summary

· Chapter 1: Naturally Stronger

· Chapter 2: Our Communities At Risk

· Chapter 3: A New Approach to Natural Infrastructure

· Chapter 4: Natural Infrastructure: An Economic Engine

· Chapter 5: Community Benefits of Integrated Infrastructure

· Chapter 6: Funding Natural Infrastructure

· Chapter 7: Making Natural Infrastructure a Priority

· Acknowledgements and References

Naturally Stronger illustrates the importance of including natural infrastructure in water management planning which includes protecting, restoring and mimicking forests, green spaces and wetlands that provide essential services to both urban and rural communities.

    American Rivers

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    Naturally Stronger
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