Neo4j Logging/Monitoring with Elastic Cloud and ELK Stack

David Allen
May 23 · 4 min read

Elastic Cloud is frequently used as a monitoring and logging solution; the “ELK Stack” refers to ElasticSearch, LogStash, and Kibana, which are three key components of the Elastic platform. Together, they provide a lot of powerful capabilities for monitoring and dashboarding.

This article will describe how to configure Neo4j logs and metrics to stream effortlessly to an Elastic instance, so you can take advantage of those capabilities. Our approach relies on Elastic’s Beats Platform, which are open source data shippers that you install as agents on your servers to send operational data to Elasticsearch.

Neo4j Logging & Monitoring with Elasticsearch and Kibana

Pre-requisite: Have a Neo4j instance. If you don’t already have one, you can use these directions for GCP to start a new one on Google Cloud.

Pre-requisite: Have an ELK stack instance, or preferably, launch an Elastic Cloud instance.

Logging Setup

Neo4j writes regular files to disk. In order to get the contents of those log files to Elastic on a regular basis, we’ll use a program called filebeat that monitors the files and sends updates to Elastic ongoing.

We’re going to install and configure filebeat by executing the following commands on the Neo4j host.

Install Filebeat

curl -L -O https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/beats/filebeat/filebeat-7.1.0-amd64.deb 
sudo dpkg -i filebeat-7.1.0-amd64.deb

Configure Filebeat

Edit the configuration file to point to your Elastic Cloud instance:

cloud.id:  "clustername:CLOUD_ID_HERE"
cloud.auth: "elastic:MYPASSWORD"

This configuration will be a little bit different if you’re pointing to a self-hosted Elastic install, but boy is this route easy and convenient. Make sure that the same configuration file checks for Neo4j logs. Also make sure enabled is set to “true”, since it’s false by default in the file:

- type: log
enabled: true
paths:
- /var/log/neo4j/*

Set up Filebeat and Start the Service

sudo filebeat setup 
sudo service filebeat start

At this point, filebeat has created an index for itself, and is streaming log messages to that index. By using the Kibana dashboard, we can see the data coming through — in this example I’m filtering it down to the contents of just one file, “security.log”.

Neo4j’s security.log appearing in Kibana

Logs are good, but what about things like CPU, memory, disk, and Neo4j metrics that we’d want to use to monitor the host?

Host Metrics Setup

First, we’ll need to install metricbeat, which is a collector application that picks up the information off of the host where Neo4j is running and sends it to Elastic Cloud. Really the same thing as filebeat, but for metrics.

Install Metricbeat

curl -L -O https://artifacts.elastic.co/downloads/beats/metricbeat/metricbeat-7.1.0-amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i metricbeat-7.1.0-amd64.deb

Configure Neo4j to Expose Prometheus Metrics

We’ll also want to grab Neo4j’s built-in metrics (which can be exported by Prometheus) so we will configure Neo4j to do that, by editing or if you are running a Neo4j Cloud instance, and set these Neo4j settings:

metrics.prometheus.enabled=true
metrics.prometheus.endpoint=localhost:2004

Then, install the prometheus exporter with and configure it by editing with the following configuration to export Neo4j’s metrics:

scrape_configs:
- job_name: 'Neo4j-prometheus'
scrape_interval: 5s
scrape_timeout: 10s
static_configs:
- targets: ['localhost:2004']

Notice how in the prometheus config matches where Neo4j is publishing metrics. Neo4j exposes an endpoint where a “collector” can scrape metrics, but doesn’t do the scraping itself. That’s why you need to install prometheus server to collect the data, and provide the endpoint that metricbeat needs.

Enable System and Prometheus Modules in Metricbeat

Edit the configuration adding the same parameters as above for filebeat, to tell it how to connect to Elastic. We will then enable the right modules:

sudo metricbeat modules enable system
sudo metricbeat modules enable prometheus

You’ll need to tweak the prometheus module config so that it knows the port that Neo4j prometheus metrics are exposed on. On my system that’s , where my config looks like this:

- module: prometheus  
period: 10s
hosts: ["localhost:9100"]
metrics_path: /metrics

Notice here that the metricbeat plugin is talking to the prometheus exporter, not to the Neo4j prometheus endpoint.

Start the Metricbeat Service

sudo service metricbeat start

Within a few minutes, we should start to see metrics flowing through; these can be visualized with default Kibana dashboards such as the one shown below, by using the index in Elastic.

Live OS Metrics being sent by Metricbeat to Kibana

What’s Next

With prometheus metrics in play, you can use Kibana to define custom visualizations of those metrics, such as the example below. These individual visualizations then go into the Kibana catalog, where you can start to stack them up to build custom monitoring dashboards.

Kibana Visualization of Neo4j Page Cache Hit Ratio (Prometheus Metric)

Further Resources

Neo4j Developer Blog

Developer Content around Graph Databases, Neo4j, Cypher, Data Science, Graph Analytics, GraphQL and more.

David Allen

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Neo4j Developer Blog

Developer Content around Graph Databases, Neo4j, Cypher, Data Science, Graph Analytics, GraphQL and more.