Exploring the Depths of Swagger: A Comprehensive Guide

Shraddha Paghdar
Nerd For Tech
Published in
6 min readDec 31, 2022


Photo by Lanju Fotografie on Unsplash

Without REST API, any piece of software is lacking. Before creating a real REST API, everyone participating in the product development process must agree on what an API is. It can be utilized by different technologies to automate API-related operations as well as to exchange documentation among product managers, testers, and developers.

We will delve further into the realm of Swagger and examine its capabilities for cutting-edge API development and documentation in this comprehensive guide.

This guide will give you the information and abilities you need to use Swagger for your API development and documentation needs, whether you are an experienced API developer or just getting started. So let’s begin and delve into Swagger’s depths!

What is Swagger?

Swagger is a set of rules (in other words, a specification) for a format describing REST APIs. The format is both machine-readable and human-readable. It is the most widely used tooling ecosystem for developing APIs with the OpenAPI Specification (OAS).

The Open API design efficiently maps all of the resources and processes connected to an API, resulting in a RESTful interface that makes it simple to develop and use. The benefit of OAS is that it makes it simple to comprehend a service’s capabilities without requiring access to source code, supplementary documentation, or network traffic examination. OAS offers a better development experience, which is a benefit.

Sample Swagger file

swagger: "2.0"
title: Sample API
description: API description in Markdown.
version: 1.0.0
host: api.example.com
basePath: /v1
- https
summary: Returns a list of users.
description: Optional extended description in Markdown.
- application/json
description: OK

Swagger tools

Using a suite of free and open-source tools called Swagger, developers may create, document, and use RESTful Web services. Swagger includes a variety of tools, such as:

  • Developers can design, create, and describe RESTful APIs using the Swagger Editor, which uses the OpenAPI Specification (OAS) format.
  • A technology called Swagger UI uses an OpenAPI Specification to automatically create interactive API documentation.
  • A tool called Swagger Codegen creates client libraries and server stubs from an OpenAPI Specification. This implies that you just need to create the API once, and you can use it with many programming languages like Angular, Android, etc.

By offering a standard, language-independent interface to RESTful APIs that enables developers to describe an API’s structure, operations, and data types, Swagger intends to make it simple for developers to create and utilize RESTful APIs.

As a result, the complexity of creating and utilizing APIs is decreased and it helps to ensure that they are simple to comprehend and use. YAML or JSON can be used to write API specifications.

Swagger Features:

The following Swagger features can be helpful for sophisticated API development and documentation:

  1. Swagger UI customization: Swagger UI generates interactive API documentation from an OpenAPI Specification. Swagger UI’s configuration parameters can be changed to alter the way it looks and behaves. For instance, you can modify Swagger UI’s layout, theme, and branding to conform to your business’s style manual.
  2. Use of Swagger Codegen: Swagger Codegen is a program that can create client libraries and server stubs from an OpenAPI Specification. This can be helpful for automating the creation and use of APIs because it can save developers time and effort by producing ready-to-use code. Swagger Codegen may be used with a number of technologies because it supports a wide range of programming languages.
  3. Integration with other tools: To increase its capabilities, Swagger can be integrated with a variety of other technologies. To automate the creation and deployment of APIs, for instance, leverage Swagger with continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) pipelines.
  4. Capabilities for advanced documentation: For more complicated APIs, Swagger UI offers a number of features for advanced documentation. These features allow for the definition of customized documentation pages as well as the inclusion of examples and request/response formats.

Benefits of Swagger

Swagger offers a number of advantages that make it a useful tool for API development and documentation, such as the following:

  1. Better API design: Swagger aids in the creation of user-friendly, RESTful APIs by developers. It offers a standardized interface for expressing an API’s functions, data types, and structure, which can help to verify that APIs are organized and consistent.
  2. Automated documentation: Swagger UI provides interactive API documentation from an OpenAPI Specification, which makes it easier for developers to understand and utilize an API. This can help to reduce the time and effort required to learn how to utilize an API.
  3. Code generation: Swagger code generation Developers can save time and effort when creating and using APIs by using Codegen to produce server stubs and client libraries from an OpenAPI Specification.
  4. Language agnosticism: Swagger is capable of being used with any programming language because it is language-agnostic. Whatever language they use, this can make it simpler for developers to create and use APIs.

Customize Swagger UI

You must change the configuration parameters offered by the Swagger UI library in order to personalize Swagger UI. The main process for customizing Swagger UI is outlined below:

  1. The Swagger UI library should be used in your project. To utilize Swagger UI, you must incorporate the library into your project. You can accomplish this by using a package manager like npm or downloading the library from the Swagger website.
  2. Create your OpenAPI Specification (OAS) file as follows: You must define your API in an OAS file, which is a JSON or YAML document that details your API’s organizational structure. Your API’s actions and data types, as well as any documentation or examples you want to offer, should be detailed in the OAS file.
  3. Create an instance of the SwaggerUIBundle class, provide it with your OAS file, and then click the Initialize button to get Swagger UI up and running. Calling the SwaggerUIBundle constructor and handing it an object containing your configuration parameters will accomplish this.
  4. Customize Swagger UI’s design and functionality: You can alter Swagger UI’s appearance and functionality by changing the configuration options that you supply to the SwaggerUIBundle constructor. The Swagger UI layout, theme, and branding are a few popular customization possibilities.

Here is a sample of how the JavaScript library could be used to start and customize the Swagger UI:

const ui = SwaggerUIBundle({
url: "https://petstore.swagger.io/v2/swagger.json",
dom_id: '#swagger-ui',
deepLinking: true,
presets: [
layout: "StandaloneLayout",
theme: "dark"

In this example, Swagger UI is initialized together with the OAS file’s URL, the DOM element that should render Swagger UI, and the layout and theme that will be applied. You can adapt Swagger UI to your own requirements by choosing from a variety of various configurable settings.

Codegen to generate server stubs and client libraries

Here is a rough summary of the procedures you can follow to create server stubs and client libraries using Swagger Codegen:

  1. Install Swagger Codegen: In order to utilize Swagger Codegen, you must first install it on your computer. You can accomplish this by using a package manager like npm or by downloading the Swagger Codegen executable from the Swagger website.
  2. Make a file called an OpenAPI Specification (OAS): You must define your API in an OAS file, which is a JSON or YAML document that details your API’s organizational structure. Your API’s actions and data types, as well as any documentation or examples you want to offer, should be detailed in the OAS file.
  3. Create server and client libraries: To create server and client libraries, use the Swagger Codegen program and supply it with your OAS file and any other configuration parameters you may require. Run a command at your terminal or command prompt to accomplish this.

Here is a sample of how Swagger Codegen could be used to create a Java server stub:

java -jar swagger-codegen-cli.jar generate -i https://petstore.swagger.io/v2/swagger.json -l java -o ./server/java

This example creates a Java server stub from the OAS file at the specified URL using the Swagger Codegen program, saving the created code to the “server/java” directory. You can tailor the creation of server stubs and client libraries to suit your unique requirements by choosing from a variety of other configuration settings.


In summary, Swagger is an effective set of tools that may aid developers in the design, construction, documentation, and consumption of RESTful APIs.

The capabilities of Swagger for advanced API development and documentation have been thoroughly examined in this thorough guide. Including customization of the Swagger UI, use of Swagger Codegen to produce server stubs and client libraries, integration with other tools, and advanced documentation features.

I trust that after reading this book, you have a good understanding of Swagger’s capabilities and how to use it to efficiently create and document your APIs.

You should be prepared to benefit from all that Swagger has to offer with the information and abilities you have obtained from this tutorial. So, begin utilizing Swagger and enjoy the ease of API development and documentation.

I hope you found this post helpful. Thank you for reading.



Shraddha Paghdar
Nerd For Tech

Javascript Full-stack developer with a passion for building highly scalable and performant apps. || https://noob2geek.in/