Between 1901 and 1960, 45 men were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize and 25 of them had a moustache. In the same period of time, three women were awarded the prize. None of them had a moustache, and only one of them received the prize on her own. The two others had to share the prize with a man.
There is one thing you should know about me: I love nerdy statistics. These past years, I’ve collected all kind of numbers about the Nobel Peace Prize, and these numbers speak for themselves.
Without further ado, I give you the Nobel Peace Prize laureates in numbers: 23 organisations, 86 men and… 16 women.
Of all five Nobel prizes, the Nobel Peace Prize actually scores best when it comes to gender. Only two women have received the Nobel Prize in physics, four women have received the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
As many women were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize between 1901 and 1991, as between 1991 and 2014. This shift reflects not only changes in society, with women gaining political and economic access, but also the emphasis on the role of women in peacebuilding processes.
As the announcement of the 2016 Nobel Peace Prize is coming up this Friday, I’ve been thinking about something that went unnoticed — and shouldn’t have. Last year, for the first time in 15 years, the Nobel Peace Prize was announced by a woman. Kaci Kullmann Five has been a member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee since 2003 and was chosen as its new chair in March 2015. The last time a woman was chair of this Committee was in 1990.
Meanwhile, in Sweden, Anne L’Huillier, French physicist, chairs the Nobel Committee for Physics. Sara Snogerup Linse, Swedish chemist, chairs the Nobel Committee for Chemistry. Juleen Zierath, Swedish American biologist, chaired the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine from 2013 to 2015. The position is now assumed by Anna Wedell, Swedish Professor of Medical Genetics. Last year, Sara Danius, Swedish scholar of literature and aesthetics, was appointed permanent secretary of the Swedish Academy. She is the first woman to assume that position.
All five Nobel Committees are currently chaired by women. For the first time in history.
At a time when our screens are constantly saturated with either human rights violations or pictures of cute cats, we do need to be reminded of the progress taking place away from the media scrutiny.
The number of women in parliaments has doubled since 1995. More and more girls attend school in comparison to 2000. And the gap between girls and boys in schools has nearly leveled out. Two years ago, a young Pakistani was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. At 17, Malala Yousafzai became the youngest Nobel laureate.
The fact that all five Nobel committees are chaired by women, might look like an anecdote. But for me, it’s a simple reminder of a bigger trend: things are heading in the right direction. There’s progress to be celebrated. Or as Hans Rosling puts it: «The world is getting better. But the world is not yet good enough.»
“I raise up my voice — not so I can shout, but so that those without a voice can be heard…we cannot succeed when half of us are held back.” ―Malala Yousafzai, Nobel Peace Prize 2014.