What is “Cornigliese Wool”?

Alberto Ziveri
Feb 7, 2019 · 3 min read
Image for post
Image for post

The Cornigliese sheep is an ancient autochthonous breed from Corniglio, which is a small village in the Parma High Apennines, in Italy.

Where is Corniglio?

The history of this special sheep starts in the far 1700: this animal was obtained by the local sheep of the Borbone Family and the precious Spanish Merinos sheep, in order to get a better wool quality, since wool was the most significant material for its widespread use in the textile industry, as well as for families who packed their own mattresses, blankets and garments.

In 2017 we gave to Cornigliese a whole new life. There only few hundreds of sheeps now, breeded by just three shepherds. The Cornigliese lost its popularity even locally, due to the popularity of super-soft common wools like Cashmere, Alpaca and Merinos. But why we should spin this sheep again? For several reasons:

💪🏻 it’s extremely STRONG: great for durable clothes and home accessories

🐑 we keep alive this breed by having a reason to breed it!

🔥 It’s not the warmest wool, but it’s more thermo-regulating than other wools as cashmere. While cashmere will make you sweat, the Cornigliese is more adaptable to the body’s temperature.

⛰ it has a sharp, rustic and vibrant color attractivity, which is pretty unique!

Image for post
Image for post

From the ’60s the Cornigliese sheep started suffering a drop in terms of number of animals. In 1994 the FAO counted about 50 Cornigliese Sheep. Humble shepherds, like Ettore Rio, started to raise this sheep for passion, and the breed started to reappear. Today we can count about 700 Cornigliese sheep.

After being sheared in our hills, the wool is shipped to the best wool combing in Italy, close to Biella. The wool is sorted by hand, washed and carded. This separates the “burrs” from the good wool.

Image for post
Image for post

The carded wool can be used for paddings, otherwise it proceeds to the combing process, which removes fibre agglomerates, vegetable matter and the short fibres from the sliver.

Image for post
Image for post

The wool is then finished and it creates a kind of “big” yarn called “Open Top”.

Image for post
Image for post

The Wool is spinned in two or three yarns, then is yarn-dyed following ecologic GOTS standards. Finally, it’s transformed in wool skeins, wool mats or wool cones, depending on the final use.

Image for post
Image for post
Image for post
Image for post

The final wool is raw and pure, like the story and origins of its breed. We’re making special and rare products, respecting the possibilities, the limits and the characteristics of the wool.

The products

Image for post
Image for post
The Cornigliese Bedspread
Image for post
Image for post
The Cornigliese Beanie
Image for post
Image for post
The Cornigliese Sofa Cloth

OPERA CAMPI

Premium biotech fabrics and garments from Italy.

Alberto Ziveri

Written by

Running operacampi.com , designing HR solutions for Studio Ziveri ( www.studioziveri.it ) and designing AI with Divisible Odd ( www.divisibleodd.com )

OPERA CAMPI

Premium biotech fabrics and garments from Italy.

Alberto Ziveri

Written by

Running operacampi.com , designing HR solutions for Studio Ziveri ( www.studioziveri.it ) and designing AI with Divisible Odd ( www.divisibleodd.com )

OPERA CAMPI

Premium biotech fabrics and garments from Italy.

Medium is an open platform where 170 million readers come to find insightful and dynamic thinking. Here, expert and undiscovered voices alike dive into the heart of any topic and bring new ideas to the surface. Learn more

Follow the writers, publications, and topics that matter to you, and you’ll see them on your homepage and in your inbox. Explore

If you have a story to tell, knowledge to share, or a perspective to offer — welcome home. It’s easy and free to post your thinking on any topic. Write on Medium

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store