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Open educational resources (OERs) are learning and teaching materials (McGreal, 2017). The operative principle in OER is “open,” as in “open-source.” Both the open-source movement and the practice in technology (sharing source code openly) have fostered values of transparency and access to information (Red Hat, Inc., 2019). As open-source resources, OERs are published to the public domain under such open licensing platforms as the Creative Commons license (Open Educational Resources, 2022). ParkHealth [ParkHealth Foundation, Inc.] is incorporated as a non-profit organization in the United States: a 501(c)(3) organization established exclusively for educational purposes — and producing OERs is a big part of that educational purpose (Kagan & Berry-Johnson, 2022). Though ParkHealth publishes OERs via platforms such as ParkHealth’s website, www.park.health, as well as grants read-write permissions to many of the constituent files that compromise an overall OER, ParkHealth would like to point to channels of financial support for you to consider: Amazon, Medium, OpenSea, Patreon, Substack.
Elsewhere in this OER (and others on the ParkHealth website) we expound on the following related topics and more:
1. Licensing OERs
2. Publishing OERs
3. Monetizing OERs
4. OERs as Functional Units of Knowledge Transfer
The Digitalization of Society
The SARS-CoV-2 virus incited what the World Health Organization (WHO) refers to as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern; this was in January 2020. In March that same year, the WHO escalated the status of the Emergency to a pandemic (Cucinotta & Vanelli, 2020). For the first time during a pandemic, Society was rigged together to socialize and communicate in real-time. [A/This/Our] newly connected Digital Society muttered — and often repurposed — old words as new, such as “social distancing,” and the American Federal classification of “essential worker.”  
From about six to twelve months of age, children go from babbling to speaking their first words, to forming full sentences by their third year; at that age, language acquisition happens with hardly any structured adult guidance (Wosen, 2020). Like two-year-old children, Society was left to acquire “real-time language” — and concomitantly, behavior — without “hardly any structured adult guidance.” Common in toddlers, but present in adult humans as well, Society committed early word use errors such as overgeneralization, overextension, and underextension. During the “COVID-19 Pandemic” of the early 2020s, Society’s “digital real-time language” was saturated with overgeneralization and overextension in particular, a common consequence and response to trauma — the abrupt government policy of a coordinated worldwide quarantine of major metro areas the world over.
Peter Hirshberg writes of media:
Interestingly, the rise in personal consumption of music (via MP3 and the cloud) has coincided with a sharp rise in festival culture. Now more than ever, audiences seek to be together — whether in Indio, California for Coachella; Black Rock City, Nevada for Burning Man; Chicago, Illinois for Lollapalooza; or Miami, Florida for the Ultra Music Festival — to experience music as a collective group. At a time where we collectively listen to billions of hours of streamed music each month, nothing compels us in a stronger fashion than the opportunity to come together, outdoors, often outside of cell phone range, to bask in performances by our favorite artist. Festival lineups are stacked with independent artists and superstars alike. Interestingly, a lineup is not unlike a long playlist on iTunes. There is no way to catch every performance at South by Southwest or Electric Daisy Carnival — but there is comfort in knowing that many of your favorite artists are there in one place (Hirshberg, 2022).
After wholly digitalizing music files [and the solitary operation of listening to music], multinational technology firms, such as Google and its subsidiary, YouTube [with all the economic wherewithal that comes with a multi-trillion-dollar valuation], have steadily worked to digitalize the “collective experience of music as a group” as well. Following a two-year hiatus due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, would-be brick-and-mortar concert-goer could “attend Coachella on YouTube” “in a fully immersive experience” (The YouTube Team, 2022).
Digital frontiersmen such as Jeff Bezos in the 1990s set out to first expand on brick-and-mortar businesses, then later evolve those businesses into previously unknown dimensions. Bezos landed on the retail business of books because “there were more items in the book category than in any other category in business,” so Bezo’s visioned the ultimate bookstore that contained a “universal selection” that “couldn’t possibly exist in the real world” (Kozlowski, 2018). In that same vein, the movement of organizations in the 2020s to digitalize collective experiences such as music festivals may have first sought to merely expand and scale by the known parameters and specifications of these collective experiences, but ultimately evolved the experiences into dimensions previously unknown.
2020s Society generally considered the “metaverse” the second major evolutionary iteration of the internet (Wikipedia contributors, 2022). The metaverse concert, Astronomical, was Society’s toddler utterances of new words of a newly acquired language. By the time Travis Scott and Fortnite hosted over 27 million unique players during the one event, Society had gained pre-pubescent maturity in the relatively 2-dimensional language of the internet (the “information superhighway”) and began acquiring the ultradimensional language of the multiverse (Valentine, 2020). Expansion and scale were still the modus operandi for Society in the multiverse. Travis Scott earned $20 million (USD) for his appearance during Astronomical (a single show), compared to the $1.7 million that he earned for his entire 2019 record-grossing tour, Astroworld. Such scaled, irresistible profits consistently baits Society into impulsively pursuing digitalization of brick-and-mortar businesses, operations, experiences and so on.
Digitalization of Society’s Trauma
The COVID-19 Pandemic induced fear, worry, and concern, elevating Society’s rates of stress and anxiety. As governments evolved quarantine measures, Society’s usual activities, routines, and livelihoods were restricted and confined, contributing to loneliness, depression, harmful alcohol and drug use, and self-harm and suicidal behavior (WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2022). Society’s trauma, studied as “collective trauma,” is both the aggregate physiological states of stress and anxiety experienced, but also the traumatic event itself (Morin, LCSW, 2020).
The idea that Society’s experiences can be traumatic is weaved throughout the recorded histories of media transformations; this includes, for example, the transformation of Society’s media from the broadcast media of the 1920s to the digital network media of the 2020s (McGivern, 2022). The radical transformation of information flows in such evolutions imposes new dimensionality not previously possible.
During the COVID Pandemic, social media users might have consumed news media in greater quantities than they had during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic, but this is not new dimensionality. New dimensionality in media was tested during a pandemic for the first time when Society socialized around news information related to COVID symptoms. A news article about COVID symptoms would be posted onto a social media platform such as the popular 2020s social media platform, Facebook, and then could serve as Society’s anchor and foundation for lengthy discussions (commenting, replying, producing links to comments, and so on). Society could further socialize with the news information by appending the information with tags and including the article in lists. The appended article could then be communicated by Society with a new veneer (metadata), either by distributing the link to the article with that presented the new veneer or by publishing entirely new material that used the original as the basis for the new material or otherwise. These simple operations contributed to just one new workflow about news media in the 2020s not possible in the 1920s. The impact that using just one platform and language would have on Society would be overlooked, however. Each of the roughly 3 billion users of Facebook in the 2020s served as prodigious producers of information (accurate or otherwise). Each user that would immediately be swarmed in these new dimensionalities not previously even imagined during the 1920s.
Cucinotta, D., & Vanelli, M. (2020, March 19). WHO Declares COVID-19 a Pandemic. Acta Biomedica, 91(1), 157–60. doi:https://doi.org/10.23750/abm.v91i1.9397
Hirshberg, P. (2022, May 28). First the Media, Then Us: How the Internet Changed the Fundamental Nature of the Communication and Its Relationship with the Audience | OpenMind. Retrieved from OpenMind: BBVA’s knowledge community: https://www.bbvaopenmind.com/en/articles/first-the-media-then-us-how-the-internet-changed-the-fundamental-nature-of-the-communication-and-its-relationship-with-the-audience/
Kagan, J., & Berry-Johnson, J. (2022, March 13). 501(c)(3) Organization Definition. Retrieved from Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/1/501c3-organizations.asp#:~:text=A%20501(c)(3)%20organization%20is%20a%20nonprofit%20organization,cruelty%20to%20children%20or%20animals.
Kozlowski, M. (2018, May 9). Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos talks about selling books in new interview. Retrieved from Good e-Reader Inc: https://goodereader.com/blog/business-news/amazon-ceo-jeff-bezos-talks-about-selling-books-in-new-interview#:~:text=Why%20did%20Jeff%20Bezos%20pick,you%20could%20build%20universal%20selection
McGivern, R. (2022, May 28). Chapter 8. Media and Technology — Introduction to Sociology — 2nd Canadian Edition. Retrieved from BCcampus Open Publishing: https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontosociology2ndedition/chapter/chapter-8-media-and-technology/
McGreal, R. (2017, November). Special Report on the Role of Open Educational Resources. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 18(7), 292–278. Retrieved from International Review: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1163203.pdf
Morin, LCSW, A. (2020, August 25). How Collective Trauma Impacts Your Health. Retrieved from Verywell Mind: https://www.verywellmind.com/effects-of-collective-trauma-5071346#:~:text=Collective%20trauma%20refers%20to%20a,famine%2C%20war%2C%20or%20pandemics
Open Educational Resources. (2022, May 18). Retrieved from RMIT University: https://rmit.libguides.com/openeducationalresources#:~:text=Open%20Educational%20Resources%20(OERs)%20are,modified%20according%20to%20specific%20needs.
Red Hat, Inc. (2019, October 24). What is open source? Retrieved from Red Hat, Inc.: https://www.redhat.com/en/topics/open-source/what-is-open-source
The YouTube Team. (2022, April 11). YouTube Gives Music Fans Around the World A Front Row Seat to Coachella 2022. Retrieved from YouTube Official Blog: YouTube Gives Music Fans Around the World A Front Row Seat to Coachella 2022
Valentine, R. (2020, December 1). Travis Scott reportedly grossed roughly $20m for Fortnite concert appearance | GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved from Gamer Network Limited: https://www.gamesindustry.biz/articles/2020-12-01-travis-scott-reportedly-grossed-roughly-USD20m-for-fortnite-concert-appearance#:~:text=Scott's%20Fortnite%20event%20reached%2027.7,him%20at%20least%20%241%20million
WHO Regional Office for Europe. (2022, May 28). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak — Mental health and COVID-19. Retrieved from WHO Regional Office for Europe: https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19/publications-and-technical-guidance/mental-health-and-covid-19#:~:text=As%20the%20co
Wikipedia contributors. (2022, May 15). Metaverse. Retrieved from Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Metaverse&oldid=1088042719
Wosen, J. (2020, February 13). Out of the mouth of babes. Retrieved from Knowable Magazine: https://knowablemagazine.org/article/mind/2020/how-babies-learn-language#:~:text=Children%20go%20from%20babbling%2C%20starting,hardly%20any%20structured%20adult%20guidance.
 “Public domain” may be a controversial invocation; we will expound on the discussion of “perfection” and “perfectly public” in the following material.
 Social distance has been in use since the early 19th century, initially with the meaning of “the degree of acceptance or rejection of social interaction between individuals and especially those belonging to different social groups (such as those based on race, ethnicity, class, or gender)” (Merriam-Webster, 13)
 During World War II, the centrality of once marginalized workers was recognized as “essential” to national purpose and security (Lichtenstein, 2020)
 Early word use-errors are common mistakes that humans commit when first learning a language (Hoff-Ginsberg, 1983)
 During the COVID Pandemic of the early 20202s, Society perceived higher health risks and overgeneralized them, often to unrelated domains; this behavior altered Society’s politics, and concomitantly, public policy (Lee, Huang, & Schwarz, 2020)
 “The simplicity with which music can be consumed online has changed music from an immersive media to a more ambient media, one that is easily taken for granted” (Hirshberg, 2022).
 Rather than the mere “digitization,” if a document to PDF, digitalization is the radical transformation of the ecosystem that the paper document exists in, including all operations, procedures, and so on. See discussion on digitization versus digitalization.
 See ParkHealth’s forthcoming draft of the full-length book, “Ultradimensional Society.”
 See section on Visioning and Vision Statements.
 New dimensionality about the media, but new dimensionality about Society and Society’s experiences as well.