Past & Patterns
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Past & Patterns

Siege of Jerusalem and Umar’s Assurance

How did the Second Rashidun Caliph conquer the city without bloodshed and usher in a new era of religious freedom & religious tolerance?

Photo: Mosque of Umar, Source: Islamicity

After its conquest and the subsequent massacre in 70 CE by Roman general Titus, Jerusalem remained under Roman/Byzantine rule for the better part of the next six…

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